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Lentinula edodes

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Classis : Agaricomycetes 
Ordo : Agaricales 
Familia : Omphalotaceae 
Genus : Lentinula 
Species : Lentinula edodes 
(Berk.) Pegler (1976)
   
Lentinula edodes in trunco arboris crescit, 2011.
Lentinula edodes cocta cum Allio sativo.

Lentinula edodes (Iaponice shiitake[1]) est saprotrophicum basidiomycotum edule in Asia Orientali endemicum, quod in multis Asiae Orientalis civitatibus ab hominibus colitur et consumitur. In nonnullis medicinae traditionibus, boletus medicinalis habetur.

Taxinomia et nomina[recensere | fontem recensere]

Hic fungus primum anno 1877 nomine Agaricus edodes a Milone Iosepho Berkeley scientifice descriptus est.[2] In genus autem Lentinulam a Davide Pegler anno 1976 digestus est.[3] Ei sunt permulta synonyma taxinomica:[4]

  • Agaricus edodes Berk. (1878)
  • Armillaria edodes (Berk.) Sacc. (1887)
  • Mastoleucomychelloes edodes (Berk.) Kuntze (1891)
  • Cortinellus edodes (Berk.) S.Ito & S.Imai (1938)
  • Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Singer (1941)
  • Collybia shiitake J.Schröt. (1886)
  • Lepiota shiitake (J.Schröt.) Nobuj. Tanaka (1889)
  • Cortinellus shiitake (J.Schröt.) Henn. (1899)
  • Tricholoma shiitake (J.Schröt.) Lloyd (1918)
  • Lentinus shiitake (J.Schröt.) Singer (1936)
  • Lentinus tonkinensis Pat. (1890)
  • Lentinus mellianus Lohwag (1918)

Partes vocabuli shiitake (椎茸 et 椎茸), nominis huius fungi in lingua Iaponica aliisque linguis, sunt 椎 shī 'castanopsis', ex arbore Castanopse cuspidata (in cuius ligno mortuo hic fungus plerumque colitur), et 茸 take 'boletus'.[5] Edodes, nomen specificum, dicitur vocabulum Latinum esse, 'edulis' significans.[6][7]

Pinacotheca[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (tertia ed.), Longman, ISBN 9781405881180 .
  2. Berkeley 1877.
  3. Pegler 1976.
  4. "GSD Species Synonymy: Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler."
  5. Wasser 2004.
  6. Halpern 2007: 48.
  7. Alia nomina in Asia Orientali adhibita: Mandarinice traditionaliter 香菇, simpliciter 香菇, pinyin xiānggū; Iaponice kanji 椎茸 vel 香蕈, hiragana しいたけ; Coreanice hania 瓢菰 et hangul 표고 (pyogo); Thaiice เห็ดหอม|เห็ดหอม (hèt hŏm); Vietnamiceie nấm hương.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Berkeley, M. J. 1877. "Enumeration of the fungi collected during the Expedition of H.M.S. 'Challenger', 1874–75. (Third notice)." Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 16 (89): 38–54. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1877.tb00170.x. Editio interretialis.
  • Boels, D., A. Landreau, C. Bruneau, R. Garnier, C. Pulce, M. Labadie, L. de Haro, et P. Harry. 20\4. "Shiitake dermatitis recorded by French Poison Control Centers – New case series with clinical observations." Clinical Toxicology 52 (6): 625–28. doi:10.3109/15563650.2014.923905. PMID 24940644. S2CID 21541970.
  • Chang, T. S., et W. A. Hayes. 2013. The Biology and Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms. Elsevier Science. ISBN 978-1-4832-7114-9. Pagina 470.
  • Halpern, G. M. 2007. Healing Mushrooms. Square One Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7570-0196-3. Editio interretialis.
  • Hobbs, Christopher. 1995. Medicinal Mushrooms. Urbe Sanctae Crucis Californiae: Botanica Press.
  • Krämer, Nicola, et Jutta Grimm. 2002. Shiitake und Austernpilze. Darmstadt: Pala-Verlag. ISBN 3-89566-184-8.
  • Leatham, G. F. 1982. "Cultivation of shiitake, the Japanese forest mushroom, on logs: A potential industry for the United States." Forest Products Journal 32 (8): 29–35. PDF.
  • Miles, P. G., et S.-T. Chang. 2004. Mushrooms: Cultivation, Nutritional Value, Medicinal Effect, and Environmental Impact. CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-203-49208-6. Editio interretialis, pagina 241.
  • Pegler, D. 1976. "The classification of the genus Lentinus Fr. (Basidiomycota)." Kavaka 3: 11–20.
  • Sastre, E. J. G. 1999. Shiitake: Der japanische Kastanienpilz, ein asiatisches Lebenselixier. Bad Aibling: Verlag Natur und Gesundheit.
  • Stamets, P. 2000. Growing Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms. Ed. tertia. Berkeleiaa Caaiforniae: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 978-1-58008-175-7.
  • Tsuji, Shizuo. La cocina del japonés del: Un simple del arte. Novi Eboraci: Kodansha International/USA.
  • Vane, C. H., T. C. Drage, et C. E. Snape. 2003. "Biodegradation of oak (Quercus alba) wood during growth of the Shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes): A molecular approach." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51 (4): 947–56. PMID 12568554. doi:10.1021/jf020932h.
  • Vane, C. H. 2003. "Monitoring decay of black gum wood (Nyssa sylvatica) during growth of the Shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes) using diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy." Applied Spectroscopy 57 (5): 514–517. PMID 14658675. doi:10.1366/000370203321666515. Bibcode=2003ApSpe..57..514V |s2cid=27403919.
  • Wasser, S. 2004. "Shiitake (Lentinula edodes)." Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements, ed. P. M. Coates, M. Blackman, G. M. Cragg, J. D. White, J. Moss, et M. A. Levine, 653–64. CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8247-5504-1. Interretialis capituli editio.
  • Welbaum, G. E. 2015. Vegetable Production and Practices. CAB International. ISBN 978-1-78064-534-6. [1]
  • Yun Ho Choi, et al. 2005. nhibición de la activación anafiláctica de la célula de la reacción y del mástil por el extracto del metanol de los edodes de Letinus. Corea: Universidad nacional de Chonbuk.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Lentinulam edodes spectant.

Wikidata-logo.svg Situs scientifici:  • NCBI • Biodiversity • Encyclopedia of Life • INPN France
  • "GSD Species Synonymy: Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler." Species Fungorum. CAB International. Editio interretialis.