Georgius Brinton McClellan

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Imago a Matthaeo Brady anno 1861 facta.
Georgius B. McClellan et uxor, Maria Helena Marcy (Nelly) McClellan.
Proelia Septem Dierum, 25 Iunii—1 Iulii 1862. Tabula Anglice signata.
McClellan equo per Frederick Terrae Mariae die 12 Septembris 1862 vehitur. (Ex Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper).
Despectus in Proelium Antietamense. Tabula Anglice signata.
Lincoln cum McClellan et alii post Proelium Antietamense. Notabiles a laeva: 5, Alexander S. Webb, Chief of Staff, V Corps; 6, McClellan; 8, Dr. Ionathan Letterman; 10, Lincoln; 11, Henricus J. Hunt; 12, Fitz John Porter; 15, Andreas A. Humphreys; 16, Capt. Georgius Armstrong Custer.
Lincoln in tentorio McClellaniano post Proelium Antietamense.
Impressio Currier et Ives McClellan et Pendleton, candidatorum Factionis Democraticae anni 1864. Lithographum hydrochromatum.
McClellan. Photographema a Gulielmo S. Warren circa 1880 factum.
Statua McClellaniana in Xysto Connecticutae Vasingtoniae in Districtu Columbiae.
Statua McClellaniana prae Curia Urbana Philadelphiae.

Georgius Brinton McClellan (Philadelphiae, 3 Decembris 182628 Octobris 1885) fuit generalis maior per Bellum Civile Americanum et candidatus praesidentialis factionis Democraticae anno 1864, qui deinde munus Gubernatoris Novae Caesareae sustinuit. Exercitum Potomaci ordinavit et breviter (a Novembre 1861 ad Martium 1862) generalis principalis Exercitus Unionis meruit. Bello ineunte, McClellan partes magni momenti ob exercitum bene institutum et ordinatum pro Unione egebat. Quamquam McClellan opus exercitui accuratissime dedit, haec proprietas fortasse suum acumen impedivit.

Sua Expeditio Paeninsularis anno 1862 defectio facta est, cum exercitus saepe ex impetibus Exercitus Virginiae Septentrionalis Generalis Roberti E. Lee fugit et consilium non expletum ad Ricmondiam capiendam fuit, caput Civitatum Foederatarum Americae. Sua pugna in cruentissimo Proelio Antietamensi incursionem in Terram Mariae obstruxit, sed sinit ut Lee exercitum ex summo discrimine reduceret exitiumque evitaret, contra maiores numeros. Exitus fuit ductum McClellanianum per proelia in dubium a Praeside Abrahamo Lincoln vocatum esse, qui tandem eum ab imperio removit, primum generalis principalis, tum ex Exercitu Potomaci. Lincoln hanc aestimationem notabilem obtulit: "Si pugnare non potest ipse, aliis ad pugnandum paratis praestat."[1][2] McClellan quidem ex eius exercitus ducibus militibus fuit gratissimus, qui credebant eum fidem exercitui summe facere.

Ab imperio summotus, candidatus factus est factionis Democraticae infelix contra Lincoln in comitiis praesidentialibus anni 1864. Nam labavit sua petitio cum principia reiceret suae factionis contra bellum reiceret, quae bellum deponere et cum Confoederatia agere promiserant. Vicensimus quartus Gubernator Novae Caesareae, ab anno 1878 ad 1881, meruit. Tandem scriptor factus, suas actiones per Expeditionem Paeninsularem et Bellum Civile defendit.

Plures auctoritates hodierni iudicant McClellan militiae effectu caruisse; parvus autem scriptorum rerum gestarum numerus habet eum fuisse imperatorem sollertissimum, cui infama inique illata est a fautoribus Lincolniensibus, qui piaculum pro adversis Unionis casibus desiderabant. Suae partes historicae ergo facile non constituuntur. Bello confecto, Ulixes S. Grant, ut McClellan generalem aestimaret rogatus, dixit, "McClellan mihi videtur una ex occultissimis belli rebus."[3][4]

Opera selecta[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Anglice: "If he can't fight himself, he excels in making others ready to fight."
  2. McPherson, Tried by War, p. 122.
  3. Anglice: "McClellan is to me one of the mysteries of the war."
  4. Rafuse 2005:384.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Bailey, Ronald H., et editores Time-Life Books. 1983. Forward to Richmond: McClellan's Peninsular Campaign. Alexandriae Virginiae: Time-Life Books. ISBN 0809447207.
  • Bailey, Ronald H., et editores Time-Life Books. 1984. The Bloodiest Day: The Battle of Antietam. Alexandriae Virginiae: Time-Life Books. ISBN 0809447401.
  • Beagle, Jonathan M. 2000. George Brinton McClellan. In Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History, ed. David S. Heidler et Jeanne T. Heidler. Novi Eboraci: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 039304758X.
  • Beatie, Russel H. 2004. Army of the Potomac: McClellan Takes Command, September 1861 – February 1862. Novi Eboraci: Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306812525.
  • Bonekemper, Edward H. 2007. McClellan and failure. McFarland & Co. ISBN 9780786428946.
  • Eckenrode, H. J., et Bryan Conrad. 1941. George B. McClellan: The Man Who Saved the Union. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 9780548147887.
  • Eicher, John H., et David J. Eicher. 2001. Civil War High Commands. Stanfordiae Californiae: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0804736413.
  • Goodwin, Doris Kearns. Team of Rivals. Novi Eboraci: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780684824901.
  • Lee, Robert E. Jr. 1904, 2008. Recollections and Letters of General Robert E. Lee. Sancti Petersburgi Floridae: Red and Black Publishers. ISBN 9781934941133.
  • McPherson, James M. 1988. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. Oxford History of the United States. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195038630.
  • McPherson, James M. 2002. Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam, The Battle That Changed the Course of the Civil War. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195135210.
  • McPherson, James M. 2008. Tried by War: Abraham Lincoln as Commander in Chief. Novi Eboraci: Penguin Press. ISBN 9781594201912.
  • Nevins, Allan. 1959. The War for the Union. Vol. 1, The Improvised War 1861–1862. Novi Eboraci: Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 0684104261.
  • Rafuse, Ethan S. 2005. McClellan's War: The Failure of Moderation in the Struggle for the Union. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0253345324.
  • Rowland, Thomas J. 1998. George Brinton McClellan. In Leaders of the American Civil War: A Biographical and Historiographical Dictionary, ed. Charles F. Ritter et Jon L. Wakelyn. Westport Connecticutae: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0313295603.
  • Rowland, Thomas J. 1998. George B. McClellan and Civil War History: In the Shadow of Grant and Sherman. Kent Ohii: Kent State University Press. ISBN 0873386035.
  • Sandburg, Carl. 1942. Storm Over the Land: A Profile of the Civil War. Novi Eboraci: Harcourt Brace and Company. ISBN 9780831714338.
  • Sears, Stephen W. 1983. Landscape Turned Red: The Battle of Antietam. Bostoniae: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 089919172X.
  • Sears, Stephen W. 1988. George B. McClellan: The Young Napoleon. Novi Eboraci: Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306809133.
  • Sears, Stephen W. 1992. To the Gates of Richmond: The Peninsula Campaign. Ticknor and Fields. ISBN 0899197906.
  • Sears, Stephen W. 1999. Controversies & Commanders: Dispatches from the Army of the Potomac. Bostoniae: Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395867606.

Bibliographia addita[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Beatie, Russel H. 2004. Army of the Potomac: McClellan Takes Command, September 1861 – February 1862. Novi Eboraci: Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306812525.
  • Beatie, Russel H. 2007. Army of the Potomac: McClellan's First Campaign, March–May 1862. Novi Eboraci: Savas Beatie. ISBN 9781932714258.
  • Burton, Brian K. 2001. Extraordinary Circumstances: The Seven Days Battles. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0253339634.
  • Cutrer, Thomas W. 2009. The Mexican War Diary and Correspondence of George B. McClellan. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8071-3451-1.
  • Davis, Jefferson, et George B. McClellan. 1857. [books.google.com/books?id=FjVFAAAAYAAJ Report of the Secretary of War Communicating the Report of Captain George B McClellan, One of the Officers Sent to the Seat of War in Europe in 1855 and 1856]. Vasingtoniae: A.O.P. Nicholson, 1857.
  • Hearn, Chester G. 2012. Lincoln and McClellan at War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 9780807145524.
  • Hillard, George S. 1864. Life and Campaigns of George B. McClellan, Major-General U.S. Army. Philadelphiae: J. B. Lippincott & Co.
  • Melville, Herman. 1866. Battle-Pieces and Aspects of the War: The Victor of Antietam. Novi Eboraci: Harper & Brothers.
  • Ridgway, James M., Jr. 2000. Little Mac: Demise of an American Hero. Xlibris. ISBN 0738805793.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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