Bellum Regis Philippi

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"Sedes Regis Philippi," locus conventus in Monte Spei.
Scalptura oppugnationem colonicam in arcem hominum Narragansettensium Pugna Magnae Paludinis Decembre 1675 depingit.
Nocturna Indorum oppugnatio et caedes Dubri in oppido Novae Hantoniae anno 1689.
Situs Miseriae Novem Hominum in vico Cumberlandiae Rhodensis Insulae, ubi copiae Centurionis Pierce excruciati fuisse dicuntur.
Talio a colonis effecta (depictio recentioris aetatis).
Situs mortis Regis Philippi, in Palude Miery prope vico Monte Spei Rhodensis Insulae.


Bellum Regis Philippi, aliquando Primum Bellum Indorum, Bellum Metacom, Bellum Metacomet, et Rebellio Metacom appellatum,[1] fuit certamen armatum inter Indos Americanos qui hodiernam Novam Angliam habitabant et colonos Anglicos eorumque socios Indos, annis 16761678 gestum. Bellum ex Metacomet principali Indorum duce, appellatur, principe ab Anglicis Rex Philippus appellato.[2] Beniaminus Church ut Puritanus belli heros ortus est; eius fuit manus rangers Puritanorum et sociorum Indiorum quae Regem Philippum pertinaciter venabantur atque ad ultimum die 12 Augusti 1676 necaverunt.[3] Bellum in Nova Anglia septentrionali continuabat, praecipue in Cenomannica prope fines Acadiae, donec foedus ad Sinum Casco Aprile 1678 ictum esset.[4]

Bellum fuit maxima calamitas quae in Nova Anglia Puritana saeculo septimo decimo facta est. Duodecim regionis oppida per vix plus quam unum annum destructa sunt, multa alia laesa, oeconomia colonica paene perdita, multique cives interfecti, inter quos decima pars omnium hominum militiá aptorum.[5][6] Plus quam dimidium oppidorum Novae Angliae a bellatoribus Indis oppugnatum est.[7]

Paene omnes coloniae Anglicae in America sine gravi gubernationis auxilio conditae erant. Bellum Regis Philippi fuit initium evolutionis maioris identitatis Americanae, quia difficultates colonorum, sine subsidio solido Anglico, eis coniunctam dederunt identitatem, ab aliis civibus in dicione parlamenti monarchaeque Anglici separatam et distinctam.[8]

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Adnotationes[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. America’s Guardian Myths, commentarius a Susan Faludi in New York Times prolatus, 7 Septembris 2007. Situs accessus 26 Decembris 2013.
  2. Jill Lepore, The Name of War: King Philip's War and the Origins of American Identity (Novi Eboraci: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998). King Philip "was also known as Metacom, or Pometacom. King Philip may well have been a name that he adopted, as it was common for Natives to take other names. King Philip had on several occasions signed as such and has been referred to by other natives by that name."
  3. Philip Gould, "Reinventing Benjamin Church: Virtue, Citizenship and the History of King Philip's War in Early National America," Journal of the Early Republic 16(1996):647.
  4. Mary Beth Norton, In the Devil's Snare: The Salem Witchcraft Crisis of 1692 (Novi Eboraci: Vintage Books, 2003).
  5. Philip Gould. "Reinventing Benjamin Church: Virtue, Citizenship and the History of King Philip's War in Early National America," Journal of the Early Republic, 16(1996): 656.
  6. Eric B. Schultz et Michael J. Touglas, King Philip's War: The History and Legacy of America's Forgotten Conflict (Novi Eboraci: W. W. Norton and Co., 2000). Secundum aestimationem in fontibus ex Department of Defense, Officina Census, et opere Francisci Jennings historici colonici, 600 ex 80 000 fere colonorum Anglicorum (1.5%) et 3000 ex 10 000 Indorum Americanorum (30%) ob bellum mortui sunt.
  7. "1675 King Philip's War", The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut.
  8. Lepore, The Name of War (1998).

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Fontes primarii[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Easton, John. 1675. A Relation of the Indian War, by Mr. Easton, of Rhode Island.
  • Eliot, John. 1980. ”Indian Dialogues”: A Study in Cultural Interaction, ed. James P. Rhonda et Henry W. Bowden. Greenwood Press.
  • Mather, Increase. 1676. A Brief History of the Warr with the Indians in New-England. Bostoniae.
  • Mather, Increase. 1677, 2003, Relation of the Troubles Which Have Happened in New England by Reason of the Indians There, from the Year 1614 to the Year 1675. Kessinger Publishing.
  • Mather, Increase. 1862. The History of King Philip's War by the Rev. Increase Mather, D.D.; Also, a History of the Same War, by the Rev. Cotton Mather, D.D. Ed. Samuel G. Drake. Bostoniae: Samuel G. Drake.
  • Mather, Increase. 16751676, 1900. Diary, March 1675–December 1676: Together with Extracts from Another Diary by Him, 1674–1687. Ed. Samuel A. Green. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: J. Wilson.
  • Leach, Douglas Edward. 1954. Flintlock and Tomahawk: New England in King Philip's War. East Orleans Massachusettae: Parnassus Imprints. ISBN 0940160552.
  • Rowlandson, Mary. 1997. The Sovereignty and Goodness of God: With Related Documents. Bedford: St. Martin's Press.
  • Rowlandson, Mary. 1682. The Narrative of the Captivity and the Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson.

Fontes secundarii[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Cave, Alfred A. 1996. The Pequot War. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
  • Cogley, Richard A. 1999. John Eliot's Mission to the Indians before King Philip's War. Cantabrigiae: Harvard University Press.
  • Hall, David. 1990. Worlds of Wonder, Days of Judgment: Popular Religious Belief in Early New England. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Harvard University Press.
  • Kawashima, Yasuhide. 2001. Igniting King Philip's War: The John Sassamon Murder Trial. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
  • Lepore, Jill. 1999. The Name of War: King Philip's War and the Origins of American Identity. Novi Eboraci: Vintage Books.
  • Mandell, Daniel R. 2010. King Philip's War: Colonial Expansion, Native Resistance, and the End of Indian Sovereignty. Baltimorae: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Norton, Mary Beth. 2003. "In the Devil's Snare: The Salem Witchcraft Crisis of 1692." Novi Eboraci: Vintage Books.
  • Peters, Paula. 2002. "We Missed You," Cape Cod Times, 14 Iulii.
  • Philbrick, Nathaniel. 2006. Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community, and War. Penguin. ISBN 0670037605.
  • Schultz, Eric B., et Michael J. Touglas. 2000. King Philip's War: The History and Legacy of America's Forgotten Conflict. Novi Eboraci: W. W. Norton and Co..
  • Slotkin, Richard, et James K. Folsom. 1978. So Dreadful a Judgement: Puritan Responses to King Philip's War. Middletown Connecticutae: Weysleyan University Press. ISBN 0819550272.
  • Webb, Stephen Saunders. 1995. 1676: The End of American Independence. Syracusae: Syracuse University Press.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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