Maccarthismus

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Maccarthismus[1] (Anglice McCarthyism[2]) est usus accusationum seditionis vel perduellionis comparandarum et constituendarum sine apta indiciorum cura. Vocabulum etiam significat 'usum affirmationum iniquarum factitandarum vel usum iniquarum rationum investigatoriarum vel interrogatoriarum, praecipue ad dissensionem vel reprehensionem civilem restringendam.'[3] Verbum ex aetate in Civitatibus Foederatis ortum est quae Terror Ruber appellari solebat, ab 1950 ad 1956 fere durans, cuius proprietas fuit amplificata repressio politica communistarum, cum propagandis metus eorum potentiae in institutionibus Americanis et in speculatione a procuratoribus Sovieticis effecta. McCarthyismus, vocabulum primum excogitatum ad studia contra communismum reprehendenda Senatoris Iosephi McCarthy, Republicani Visconsiniensis, latiorem significationem mox habebat, nimia conatuum similium describens. Vocabulum McCarthyism nunc generatim adhibetur ad accusationes temerarias et vanas ac ad demagogicos impetus in indoles vel amorem patriae adversariorum politicorum describendos.

U.S. anti-Communist literature of the 1950s, specifically addressing the entertainment industry.

Per aetatem Maccarthisticam milia Americanorum, communismi adiuvandi accusati, res investigationum et interrogationum hostilium ante consilia rei publicae et industriorum privatorum facti sunt. Primi tales suspecti erant conducti rei publicae, opifices in industria oblectationis, educatores, et agitatores collegiorum opificum. Contra indicia ancipitia vel dubia investigatores suspicionibus saepe credebant, gradusque minationis per sinistras consociationes vel fides putatas saepe magnopere augebantur. Multi homines quaestum vel curriculum amiserunt; nonnulli in carcerem coniecti sunt, vel etiam sibi mortem consciverunt. Plurimae harum poenarum evenerunt per condemnatorias sententias deinde eversas,[4] leges deinde non constitutionales a curiis declaratas,[5] dimissiones ob causas deinde contra leges declaratas,[6] vel actionabiles,[7] vel modos operandi extra leges qui ad ultimum infames viderentur.

Notissima exempla Maccarthismi sunt orationes, investigationes, et senatoriales cognitiones ipsius senatoris McCarthy; proscriptio Ruscisilvestris, cum cognitionibus a Consilio Agitationum Non Americanarum Camerae Repraesentativorum habitis; et variae agitationes contra communismum a Ministerio Investigationis Foederali effectae, Ioanne Edgaro Hoover duce. McCarthyismus fuit lata et alta societatis et culturae res, quae omnia hominum strata afficiebat, fonsque erat multae dissensionis acris in Civitatibus Foederatis.

Notabiles victimae Maccarthismi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nonnulli ex clarissimis hominibus proscriptis vel homines qui aliam insectationem per aetatem Maccarthismi patiebantur infra perscribuntur:

Folium murale a Keep America Committee Maio 1955 prolata, lectoribus suadens ut ei "rectionem mundi communisticam pugnent" per programmata salutis publicae reicienda.
Iosephus N. Welch (laeva) et Senator McCarthy, 9 Iunii 1954.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Haec appellatio a Vicipaediano e lingua indigena in sermonem Latinum conversa est. Extra Vicipaediam huius locutionis testificatio vix inveniri potest.
  2. Herbertus Block (aka Herblock) vocabulum McCarthyism Anglice primum publicavit in adumbratione in Washington Post die 29 Martii 1950 edita. Aliis linguis variatim; cf. Cechice Mccarthismus
  3. Definitio plenior in hoc dictionario interretiali inveniri potest.
  4. Exempli gratia, Yates v. United States (1957) et Watkins v. United States (1957) (Fried 1997:205, 207).
  5. Exempli gratia, "Levering Oath" lex Californiensis, non constitutionalis anno 1967 declarata (Fried 1997:124).
  6. Exempli gratia, Slochower v. Board of Education (1956) (Fried 1997:203).
  7. Exempli gratia, Faulk vs. AWARE Inc., et al. (1962) (Fried 1997:197).
  8. Publicatio post contactum Ministerii Investigationis Foederalis prohibitum (Horvath 2005:84).
  9. Investigata a Ministerio Investigationis Foederali et ad HUAC vocata quia nomen anno 1936 fautor communista datum erat: Lucille Ball, FBI Records: The Vault, vault.fbi.gov (Federal Bureau of Investigation).
  10. In Hollywood proscriptio griseo: "Composer Elmer Bernstein Dead at 82". Associated Press. msnbc.com. August 19, 2004 .
  11. Schrecker 2002:244.
  12. Quaestus amissus, deportatus (Wang 1999:277–278).
  13. In carcerem coniectus; Actum Landrum-Griffin prospere reiecit: "Obituary", New York Times, 25 Novembris 1990.
  14. "McCarthy Target Ousted". 21 Novembris 1952 .
  15. Buhle et Wagner 2003a.
  16. A gregibus anticommunisticis vexatus; reditus in Civitates Foederatas prohibitus cum iter peregre faciebat (Lev 1999:159).
  17. 17.00 17.01 17.02 17.03 17.04 17.05 17.06 17.07 17.08 17.09 17.10 17.11 17.12 17.13 17.14 17.15 In Red Channels proscriptione artificium et ludionum (Schrecker 2002:244).
  18. In sua professione proscriptus, sibi mortem conscivit anno 1959 (Bosworth 1998).
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 The Authentic History Center: Red Channels, The Blacklist.
  20. In proscriptione Ruscicilvestre: Buhle et Wagner 2003:105.
  21. A gregibus anticommunisticis vexata; reditus in Civitates Foederatas prohibitus cum iter peregre faciebat, ergo prohibita ne in pellicula Broken Lance ageret (Ramón 1997:44).
  22. Delatus sub Foreign Agents Registration Act (Du Bois 1968).
  23. Craig 2004:496.
  24. Fred Jerome, The Einstein File: J. Edgar Hoover's Secret War against the World's Most Famous Scientist (Novi Eboraci: St. Martin's Press, 2002), ISBN 0-312-28856-5.
  25. Jan Herman, A Talent for Trouble: The Life of Hollywood's Most Acclaimed Director, William Wyler (Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Da Capo, 1995), ISBN 0-306-80798-X.
  26. Proscriptus, tres menses in carcerem coniectus ob contemptum Congressus: Sabin 1999:75.
  27. Stephan Alexander, Überwacht: Ausgebürgert: Exiliert: Schriftsteller und der Staat (Bielefeld: Aisthesis Verlag, 2007), 36–52, ISBN 978-3-89528-634-6.
  28. In proscriptione Ruscisilvestre: Buhle et Wagner 2003:31.
  29. Berch 1988.
  30. Dennis McLellan, "Dorothy Healey Lifelong Communist Fought for Workers", Los Angeles Times, 8 Augusti 2006.
  31. "Theodore Kaghan, 77; Was in Foreign Service," New York Times, 11 Augusti 1989.
  32. Freedom of Information/Privacy Act Section. "Subject: Danny Kaye". Federal Bureau of Investigation .
  33. Keith Haynes (2003), "Benjamin Keen 1913–2002," Hispanic American Historical Review 83(2):357–359.
  34. Peter Heyworth, Otto Klemperer: Vol. 2, 1933-1973: His Life and Times (Cambridge University Press, 1996, ISBN 978-0-521-24488-6).
  35. Louis Komzsik, The Lanczos Method: Evolution and Application (SIAM, 2003), 79.
  36. Proscriptus et otiosus, sibi mortem anno 1955 conscivit (Fried 1990:156.
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 Alexander Stephan, Im Visier des FBI: deutsche Exilschriftsteller in den Akten amerikanischer Geheimdienste (Metzler, 1995, ISBN 3-476-01381-2).
  38. Trotter 1995.
  39. Security clearance withdrawn (Schrecker 2002:41).
  40. Commeatus diploma identidem denegatum: Thompson et Viruleg 1992.
  41. Dean 2001:65, 127, 140.
  42. Laudatio, New York Times, 9 Novembris 1987.
  43. Buhle et Wagner 2003:18.
  44. Proscriptus, commeatus diploma revocatum: Marable, McMillian, et Frazier 2003:559.
  45. Buhle et Wagner 2003:208.
  46. Brodeur 1997:159–165.
  47. New York Times: Herbert Mitgang, "William L. Shirer, Author, Is Dead at 89."
  48. Lawrence Van Gelder, "Lionel Stander Dies at 86; Actor Who Defied Blacklist," New York Times, 2 Decembris 1994.
  49. G. Alberts et W. T. van Est, "Leevensbericht Dirk Jan Struik," Huygens Institute - Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 7.
  50. Citatus testis ab Attorney General Novae Hantoniae, delatus ob contemptum curiae: M. J. Heale, McCarthy's Americans: Red Scare Politics in State and Nation, 1935–1965 (University of Georgia Press, 1998. ISBN 0-8203-2026-9), 73.
  51. Robert D. Dean, Imperial Brotherhood: Gender and the Making of Cold War Foreign Policy (Amherst, Massachusettae: University of Massachusetts Press, 2001), 141–144.
  52. Commeatus diploma rescissum, in carcere coniectus: Iris Chang, Thread of the Silkworm (Basic Books, ISN 0465006787).
  53. Price 2004.

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Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Wikiquote-logo.svg Vicicitatio habet citationes quae ad Iosephum McCarthy spectant.