Howl

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"Howl" ('Ululatus') est poema ab Alano Ginsberg plerumque anno 1955 compositum, pars Howl and Other Poems corporis poematum Ginsbergianorum anni 1956 editi, et Carolo Solomon dicatum. Textus insignissime incipit: "Optimos aetatis meae mentes ab insania destructos vidi."[1]

Ginsberg "Howl" componere coepit anno 1954. In Archivo Pauli Blackburn in Universitate Californiensi Didacopoli conservato, poeta audiri potest, prima poematis exemplaria consociatis litterariis legens. "Howl" unum ex magnis litterarum Americanarum operibus[2][3] cum grege scriptorum prostratorum consociatis late habetur.[3]

Fabula "Howl" ut poesis activa concepta et in lucem prolatum esse a Laurentio Ferlinghetti, poeta qui City Lights Bookstore tum exercebat, falsus est. Illud commentum, a Ferlinghetti excogitatum, fuit pars patrocinii per iudicium de obscenitate suscepti, quod Ferlingetti tum subibat. Poemate prolato, ipse et Shigeyoshi Murao, administrator tabernae, litterarum obscenarum disseminandarum arguti sunt, amboque apprehensi sunt. Iudex autem Clayton W. Horn die 3 Octobris 1957 decrevit poema obscenum non esse.[4]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness."
  2. Raskin 2004:223.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Savage 2008.
  4. Morgan et Peters 2006:xiii.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Collins, Ronald, et David Skover. 2013. Mania: The Story of the Outraged & Outrageous Lives that Launched a Cultural Revolution. Top-Five Books.
  • Charters, Ann, ed. 1992. The Portable Beat Reader. Novi Eboraci: Penguin Books. ISBN 0670838853. ISBN 0140151028 (charta).
  • Ginsberg, Allen. Howl: Original Draft Facsimile, Transcript & Variant Versions, Fully Annotated by Author, with Contemporaneous Correspondence, Account of First Public Reading, Legal Skirmishes, Precursor Texts & Bibliography. Ed. Barry Miles. ISBN 0060926112 (charta).
  • Ferlinghetti, Lawrence. 1976. Howl of the Censor, ed. Jake Ehrlich. Westport Connecticutae: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0837186854.
  • Lounela, Pekka, et Jyrki Mäntylä. 1970. Huuto ja meteli ('Ululatus et perturbatio'). Tavasti: Karisto.
  • Miles, Barry. 2001. Ginsberg: A Biography. Londinii: Virgin Publishing. ISBN 0753504863.
  • Morgan, Bill, et Joyce Peters. 2006. Howl on Trial. Franciscopolis: City Lights Books. ISBN 0872864790, ISBN 9780872864795.
  • Raskin, Jonah. 2004. American Scream: Allen Ginsberg's "Howl" and the Making of the Beat Generation. Berkeleiae: University of California Press. ISBN 0520240154.
  • Savage, Bill. 2008. Allen Ginsberg's "Howl" and the Paperback Revolution. Novi Eboraci: Academy of American Poets.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]