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Apertura (musica)

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Apertura[1] in musica est exordium dramatis musici[2] vel exordium melodramatis,[3] compositio quae olim instrumentale operae initium fuit.[4] Verbum autem Beethoven, Mendelssohn, aliique aetatis Romanticae compositores adhibere coeperunt ad libera se-constituentia opera programmatica instrumentalia attingenda, quae genera sicut poema symphonicum praesagiebant. Aperturae operaticae "primum haud dubie ad caput programmatis cani destinata" sunt.[5][4]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Overture, vox Anglica, > "[Middle English], lit. opening, fr. [Middle French], fr. (assumed) [Vulgar Latin] opertura, alter. of [Latin] apertura." Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary (Campifonte Massachusettae: Merriam-Webster, 1985), s.v. overture, p. 842. Confer Francice ouverture; Theodisce Ouvertüre et Vorspiel 'anteludium'.
  2. Levine, Latin Dictionary (1967), in Morgan.
  3. John C. Traupman, Latin and English, ed. 3a (Novi Eboraci: Bantam Books, 2007), 611.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Blom 1954.
  5. Anglice "at first undoubtedly intended to be played at the head of a programme."

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Anon. 1957. Music: Op. I for Vacuum Cleaners. Time, 22 Aprilis.
  • Blom, Eric. 1954. Overture. Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Ed. 5a, ed. Eric Blom. Londinii et Toronti: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Burrows, Donald. 2012. Handel. Ed. 2a. Master Musicians Series. Oxoniae et Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press.
  • Burton-Page, Piers. [Sine anno.] "Malcolm Arnold: A Grand, Grand Overture: Programme Note." Situs interretialis Chester-Novello.
  • Charlton, David, et M. Elizabeth C. Bartlet. 2016. Grétry, André-Ernest-Modeste. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. Situs venalis.
  • Fisher, Stephen C. 1998. Sinfonia. The New Grove Dictionary of Opera. 4 voll., ed. Stanley Sadie. Londinii: MacMillan Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0333734327. ISBN 1561592285.
  • Fisher, Stephen C. 2001. Italian Overture. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Ed. 2a. Ed. Stanley Sadie et John Tyrrell. Londinii: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Larue, Jan. 2001. Sinfonia 2: After 1700. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Ed. 2a. Ed. Stanley Sadie et John Tyrrell. Londinii: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Maycock, Robert. 2009. What's On/Programme Notes, Malcolm Arnold (1921–2006), A Grand, Grand Overture, Op. 57 (1956). BBC Proms, programmatum Prom 76: Last Night of the Proms (Die Saturni, 12 Septembris).
  • Temperley, Nicholas. 2001. Overtur. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Ed. 2a. Ed. Stanley Sadie et John Tyrrell. Londinii: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Taruskin, Richard. [Sine anno.] Chapter 10: Instrumental Music Lifts Off. In Music in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. Textus.
  • Waterman, George Gow, et James R. Anthony. 2001. French Overture. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Ed. 2a. Ed. Stanley Sadie et John Tyrrell. Londinii: Macmillan Publishers.