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Lingua Dhivehi

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Lingua Dhivehi
Taxinomia:
Locutores: 371 000 (anno fere 2007)[1]
Sigla: 1 dv, 2 div, 3 div
Status publicus
Officialis Maldivae
Privata India in insula Malicoy
Litterae:
Scriptura: Thana et Latina
Procuratio:
Familiae linguisticae coloribus Vicipaedicis pictae
Familiae linguisticae coloribus Vicipaedicis pictae
Linguae Indicae praecipuae
Linguae Indicae praecipuae

Lingua Dhivehi (Dhīvehī) seu Maldiviana[2] ad linguas Indicas e divisione Indoiranica familiae Indoeuropaeae pertinet. In insulis Maldivis adhibetur necnon in insula Malicoy et in urbe Trivandrum Indiae; est lingua nationalis Maldivarum.

Glossarium antiquissimum linguae Dhivehi anno fere 1607 ab exploratore Francisco Pyrard de Laval confectum est. Gulielmus Geiger philologus Germanicus multa utilia de hac lingua divulgavit.

Dialecti distinguuntur Male (iuxta caput civitatis adhibita), Maliku Bas (insulae Malicoy) et meridionales, scilicet Huvudu, Foa Mulaku et Addu: sermones meridionales satis inter se intelleguntur, sed qui dialecto Male utuntur alios sermones minime cognoscunt. Lingua Dhivehi scriptura Thana, in his insulis inventa, sed et abecedario Latino conscribitur.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Bruce Cain, J. Gair, Dhivehi (Maldivian). München: Lincom Europa, 2000. (Languages of the World/Materials, 63)
  • M. W. S. De Silva, Sinhalese and Other Island Languages in South Asia. Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag, 1979. (Ars Linguistica, 3)
  • J. B. Disanayake, "Maldivian and Sinhala: some phonological observations" in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Sri Lanka vol. 30 (1986) pp. 81-100
  • J. B. Disanayake, G. W. Wijayawardhana, "Some observations on the Maldivian Loamaafaanu copper plates of the twelfth century" in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Sri Lanka vol. 31 (1987) pp. 62-71
  • Sonja Fritz, "Wilhelm Geigers Beitrag zur Erforschung des Dhivehi, der Staatssprache der Malediven" in Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft vol. 54 (1993) pp. 15-32
  • James W. Gair, Bruce D. Cain, "Dhivehi writing" in Peter T. Daniels, William Bright, edd., The World's Writing Systems (Ononii: Oxofrd University Press, 1996)
  • Wilhelm Geiger, Maldivische Studien. 3 voll. Monaci: Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1900-1902 (Sitzungsberichte der phil.-hist. Kl. der Kgl. Bayer. Akad. der Wissensch.)
  • Wilhelm Geiger, "Etymological vocabulary of the Maldivian language.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Great Britain and Ireland. 1902 (third series). 909-38
  • Albert Gray, "The Maldive Islands with a vocabulary taken from Farancois Pyrard de Laval, 16021607.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, new series, 10: 1878. 181-2
  • Glossary: English-Dhivehi, Dhivehi-English. Male: Institute for Teacher Education, 1991
  • Hassan Ahmed Maniku, J. B. Disanayake, Say it in Maldivian (Dhivehi). Colombo: Lake House Publishers, 1990
  • C. H. B. Reynolds, "Buddhism and the Maldivian language" in L. Cousins et al., edd., Buddhist Studies in Honour of I. B. Horner (Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1974) pp. 193-8
  • C. H. B. Reynolds, "Linguistic strands in the Maldives" in C. Maloney, ed., Contributions to Asian Studies, Vol. II: Language and Civilization Change in South Asia (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1978) pp. 156-166
  • J. Wilson, "Vocabulary of the Maldivian language, compiled by Lieut. W. Christopher" in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society vol. 6 (1841) pp. 42-76