Ricardus Wilbur

E Vicipaedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Wikidata-logo.svg Ricardus Wilbur
Res apud Vicidata repertae:
Ricardus Wilbur: imago
Nativitas: 1 Martii 1921; Novum Eboracum
Obitus: 14 Octobris 2017; Bellus Mons
Patria: Civitates Foederatae Americae

Officium

Munus: Poëta, Interpres, Scriptor, professor
Patronus: Universitas Harvardiana, Wesleyan University, Smith College

Memoria

Laurae: John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship, Rome Prize, Bollingen Prize, Insigne Artium Nationale, Knight of the French Order of Academic Palms, National Book Award for Poetry, Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, Drama Desk Special Award, Poeta Laureatus Civitatum Foederatarum, Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Musical, St. Louis Literary Award, Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, PEN/Ralph Manheim Medal for Translation, Robert Frost Medal, Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize, Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences

Ricardus Purdy Wilbur (1 Martii 192114 Octobris 2017) fuit poeta et interpres litterarum Americanus. Secundus poeta laureatus Civitatum Foederatarum anno 1987 creatus est, et bis praemium Pulitzer poesis accepit, annis 1957 et 1989.[1]

Vita[recensere | fontem recensere]

Anni primi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Novi Eboraci natus est, et in North Caldwell in Nova Caesarea adolevit.[2] Diploma studiorum in Schola Superiore Montclair anno 1938 adeptus est, ubi pro diario discipulorm laboraverat.[3] Diploma studiorum in Collegio Amherstensi anno 1942 adeptus, in Exercitu Civitatum Foederatarum ab 1943 ad 1945 per secundum bellum mundanum meruit. Tum, post scholam graduatam in Universitate Harvardiana, Wilbur in Universitate Wesleiana duo decennia, et in Collegio Smithiano alio decennio didicit. Cum in Universitate Wesleyana esset, prelo universitario adiuvit in serie poesis condita.[4][5] Duo praemia Pulitzerana poesis accepit, et anno 2009 in Collegio Amherstensi iam docebat.[6]

Cursus[recensere | fontem recensere]

Wilbur octo annos natus suum poema primum in John Martin's Magazine protulit.[7] Primum librum suum, The Beautiful Changes and Other Poems, anno 1947 edidit. Ex quo nonnulla volumina poesis protulit, inter quae New and Collected Poems (Faber, 1989). Wilbur etiam est interpres, qui operam comicis Molière et dramatibus Ioannis Racine, operibus Francicis saeculi septimi decimi, praecipue dat. Sua translata Tartuffe facta sunt solitus ludus conversus Anglicus, qui in televisione bis praebitus est (productio anni 1978 per DVD inveni potest.) Praeter poemata et translata, nonnullos libros pueriles protulit, inter quos Opposites, More Opposites, et The Disappearing Alphabet.

Poesis Wilburiana, usum Roberti Frost et W. H. Auden continuans, in experientiis quotidianis illuminationem reperit. Minus noti sunt conatus Wilburiani in scriptione lyricarum. Verba nonnullorum carminum in Candide contribuit, theatro musico Leonardi Bernstein anni 1956, inter quod "Glitter and Be Gay" et "Make Our Garden Grow," carmina praeclara. Nonnulla etiam opera non iam edita produxit, inter quae "The Wing" et "To Beatrice."

Inter eius honores sunt Arbitrium Praecipium Drama Desk et Praemium Interpretationis PEN pro ludo converso The Misanthrope (1983) Praemium Pulitzeranum poesis et Nationale Librorum Arbitrium pro Things of This World (1956),[8] praemium Ednae Sancti Vincentii Millay, Praemium Bollingenianum, et Eques Ordinis Palmarum Academicarum. Socius Academiae Americanae Artium et Scientiarum anno 1959 electus est.[9] Anno 1987 factus est poeta secundus, post Robertum Penn Warren, poeta laureatus Civitatum Foederatarum nominatus, postquam titulus a Poetry Consultant permutatus est. Anno 1988, Arbitrium pro Poesi Americano Moderni Aiken Taylor, et tum anno 1989 Pulitzeranum alterum abstulit, hoc tempre pro New and Collected Poems. Die 14 Octobris 1994, Clipeum Artium Nationalem a Praeside Bill Clinton accepit. Etiam PEN/Ralph Manheim Medal for Translation anno 1994 accepit. Anno 2003, in Atrium Famae Theatri Americani inductus est.[10] Anno 2006, Praemium Poesis Ruth Lilly abstulit. Anno 2010, Arbitrium Translationis Nationalis pro The Theatre of Illusion Petri Corneille converso abstulit. Anno 2012, Universitas Yalensis Doctoratum Litterarum honoris causa ei concessit.

Opera[recensere | fontem recensere]

Corpus poematum[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • 1947: The Beautiful Changes, and Other Poems
  • 1950: Ceremony, and Other Poems
  • 1955: A Bestiary
  • 1956: Things of This World
  • 1961: Advice to a Prophet, and Other Poems
  • 1969: Walking to Sleep: New Poems and Translations
  • 1976: The Mind-Reader: New Poems
  • 1988: New and Collected Poems
  • 2000: Mayflies: New Poems and Translations
  • 2004: Collected Poems, 1943–2004
  • 2010: Anterooms
  • 2012: The Nutcracker

Corpus prosae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • 1976: Responses: Prose Pieces, 1953–1976
  • 1997: The Catbird's Song: Prose Pieces, 1963–1995

Ludi ex aliis auctoribus conversi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Ex Molière[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • The Misanthrope (1955/1666)[11]
  • Tartuffe (1963/1669)[12]
  • The School for Wives (1971/1662)[13]
  • The Learned Ladies (1978/1672)[14]
  • School for Husbands (1992/1661)[15]
  • The Imaginary Cuckold, or Sganarelle (1993/1660)[16]
  • Amphitryon (1995/1668)[17]
  • The Bungler (2000/1655)[18]
  • Don Juan (2001/1665)[19]
  • Lovers' Quarrels (2009/1656)[20]

Ex Ioanne Racine[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Andromache (1982/1667)[21]
  • Phaedra (1986/1677)[22]
  • The Suitors (2001/1668)[23]

Ex Petro Corneille[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "Poet Laureate Timeline: 1981–1990". Library of Congress. 2008 
  2. Gillett, Michelle (June 24, 2005), Celebrate the life and work of poet Richard Wilbur, "The Berkshire Eagle", Berkshire Eagle, The (Pittsfield, MA, USA) .
  3. Richard (Purdy) Wilbur, ex Dictionary of Literary Biography. "Wilbur showed an early interest in writing, which he has attributed to his mother's family because her father was an editor of the Baltimore Sun and her grandfather was an editor and a publisher of small papers aligned with the Democratic party. At Montclair High School, from which he graduated in 1938, Wilbur wrote editorials for the school newspaper."
  4. Wilbur biography, University of Illinois .
  5. Gordon, Jane (16 Octobris 2005), "The University of Verse", The New York Times .
  6. "Wilbur", Faculty staff, Amherst College .
  7.  .
  8. "National Book Awards – 1957". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-02. (With acceptance speech by Wilbur and essay by Patrick Rosal from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
  9. "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter W" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences .
  10. "2004 Inductees of Theatre Hall of Fame Announced". www.playbill.com .
  11. The Misanthrope, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822213895 .
  12. Tartuffe, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822211112 .
  13. The School for Wives, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822209997 .
  14. The Learned Ladies, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822206484 .
  15. School for Husbands, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822209980 .
  16. The Imaginary Cuckold, or Sganarelle, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822213314 .
  17. Amphitryon, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822214397 .
  18. The Bungler, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822217473 .
  19. Don Juan, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822216575 .
  20. Lovers' Quarrels, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822221593 .
  21. Andromache, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822200482 .
  22. Phædra, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822208907 .
  23. The Suitors, Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 9780822218043 .

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Wikiquote-logo.svg Vicicitatio habet citationes quae ad Ricardum Wilbur spectant.