Qualia

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Qualia coloribus saturatis, sicut rubore, indicantur.
Qualia fragariae coloribus inversis visa.

Qualia in philosophia mentis sunt exempla singula experientiae consciae et subiectivae, sicut dolor aut gustatus aut rubor. Qualia saepe dictione ”quale est...?” describuntur: "quale est colorem rubrum sanguinis videre?", vel "quale est capitis dolorem sentire?" Qualia a causis physicis illarum experientiarum distinguenda sunt. Ad summam, qualia verbum insuetum est rei quam pati sueti sumus.[1] Denique Ervinus Schrödinger (1887–1961), physicus Austriacus, sic contra materialismum "Sensus coloris" inquit "physicorum descriptione obiectiva undarum lucis explicari non potest. An poterit physiologus eius rei rationem reddere, si altiorem habeat scientiam eorum quae in retina fiunt eventorum, et processuum nervosorum, quos in fasciculis nervorum opticorum atque in cerebro efficiunt? Haudquaquam."[2]

Sunt quidem, qui potius qualia exstare negent.[3]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Cf. Dennett 1993: 381.
  2. Schrödinger 2001: 154: "The sensation of colour cannot be accounted for by the physicist's objective picture of light-waves. Could the physiologist account for it, if he had fuller knowledge than he has of the processes in the retina and the nervous processes set up by them in the optical nerve bundles and in the brain? I do not think so."
  3. Sicut Dennett 1991; Tye 2000.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Byrne, Alex, 2015. Inverted Qualia. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • Chalmers, David J., 1995. Absent Qualia, Fading Qualia, Dancing Qualia. Conscious Experience, ed. Thomas Metzinger. Imprint Academic. [Editio eletronica: [1].]
  • Dennett, Daniel C., 1991. Consciousness Explained. Little, Brown and Co.
  • Dennett, Daniel C., 1993. Quining Qualia. Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science, ed. Alan Goldman, 481-414. MIT Press.
  • Gregory, Richard, 1998. Brainy mind. British Medical Journal 317: 1693-1695. [Editio electronica: [2].]
  • Lormand, Eric, 1994. Qualia! (Now Showing at a Theater near You). Philosophical Topics 22: 127-156. [Editio electronica: [3].]
  • Nida-Rümelin, Martine, 2009. Qualia: The Knowledge Argument. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy-
  • Schrödinger, Erwin, 2001. What is life? The physical aspects of the living cell. Reimpressum. Cambridge University Press.
  • Tye, Michael, 2000. Consciousness, Color and Content. MIT Press.
  • Tye, Michael, 2015. Qualia. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]