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Tria Coreae Regna

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Tria Coreae Regna (Coreane: 삼국 seu 三國, Samguk) fuerunt Goguryeo, Baekje, et Silla, in paeninsula Coreana et Manchuria sita inter saeculum primum a.C.n. et saeculum septimum p.C.n. Etiam fuerunt regna minora et civitates tributae, sicut Caia, Puio, Thamna, etc.

Tabula tria regna ad finem quintum saeculum

Tempus ab 57 a.C.n. coepit, quando Silla regnum (tunc Saro), quod in meridiano et oriente paeninsulae fuit, autonomiam ab domus Han imperii Sinici obtinuit.

Goguryeo in septentrione, in meridiano fluminis Ialy (Coreane: Amnoc), primo anno 75 a.C.n. nota est in annalibus Sinensibus ut regio "localis." Anno 37 a.C.n., autonomiam obtinuit a Sinis, secundum historias Coreanas. In his historias, scriptum est quod rex primus Goguryeo natus est ex ovo quod puella dei fluminis peperat cum filio Imperatoris Caeli.

Historiae Coreanae tradunt quod in 18 a.C.n. Baekje condita est; duo principes Goguryeo fugerunt ex conflictu ut successor esse, et Paekche condiderunt in meridiano et occidente paeninsulae (ubi nunc Seulum est) cuius caput Unggin (nunc Congzu), postea quam Sabi (nunc Puio) in meridiano et occidente Soulis. Regnum Caia separatum est a Paecce in saeculo 1 p.C.n. Baekje notus est a fontibus Sinensibus in saeculo 4 a praefecto Goguryeo.

Tempus trium regnorum in 668 finitum est quando Silla vicit alia duo. Cogurio victum est post Baekje. Post hoc, fuit tempus Sillae Unitae.

Duo libri classici pro tribus regnis nominatus sunt. Nomina Samguk Sagi et Samguk Yusa sunt, Samguk significans tria regna.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Gina L. Barnes, "The emergence and expansion of Silla from an archaeological perspective" on Korean Studies vol. 28 (2004) pp. 14–48
  • Jonathan W. Best, "Buddhism and polity in early sixth-century Paekche" in Korean Studies vol. 26 (2003) pp. 165–215
  • Jonathan W. Best, A History of the Early Korean Kingdom of Paekche, together with an annotated translation of The Paekche Annals of the Samguk sagi. Cantabrigiae Massachusettensium: Harvard University Asia Center, 2006
  • Hung-gyu Kim, "Defenders and Conquerors: The Rhetoric of Royal Power in Korean Inscriptions from the Fifth to Seventh Centuries" in Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review no. 2 (2012)
  • "The Period of the Three Kingdoms (57 BC–AD 676)" in Jinwung Kim, A History of Korea: From "Land of the Morning Calm" to States in Conflict (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0253000781) pp. 32-83 (Paginae selectae apud Google Books)
  • Kibaik Lee; Edward W. Wagner, interpr., A New History of Korea. Cantabrigiae Massachusettensium: Harvard University Press, 1984. ISBN 9780674615762 (Paginae selectae apud Google Books)
  • Peter H. Lee, Wm. Theodore de Bary, edd., Sources of Korean Tradition. Vol. 1, From Early Times through the Sixteenth Century. Novi Eboraci: Columbia University Press, 1997
  • Richard D. McBride, Aspiring to Enlightenment: Pure Land Buddhism in Silla Korea. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2020
  • Sarah M. Nelson, The archaeology of Korea. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 9780521407830
  • Tae-Don Noh, "A Study of Koguryŏ Relations Recorded in the Silla Annals of the "Samguk Sagi"" in Korean Studies vol. 28 (2004) pp. 105-128
  • R. Pearson et al., "Social ranking in the Kingdom of Old Silla, Korea: Analysis of burials" in Journal of Anthropological Archaeology vol. 8 (1989) pp. 1–50
  • "Restoring Lost Glory in Korea: China, Koguryŏ, Silla, Paekche, and Parhae" in Wang Zhenping, Tang China in Multi-Polar Asia: A History of Diplomacy and War (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2013) pp. 55-96