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Enoplognatha ovata.JPG
Enoplognatha ovata[1]

Classis : Arachnida 
Ordo : Araneae 
Infraordo : Araneomorphae 
Superfamilia : Araneoidea 
Familia : Theridiidae 
Cretaceo[2] ad praesens
Subdivisiones: Genera

Theridiidae sunt magna familia aranearum. Genera Theridiidarum sunt vulgatissima arthropoda in domibus humanis per orbem terrarum reperta.[3] Haec familia plus quam 2200 species in plus quam centum generibus quae telas spatii trium dimensionum aedificant comprehendit.[4]; Theridiidae sunt araneae entelegyne (laminam genitalem in femina habentes) atque araneomorphicae et ecribellatae (serico viscoso, non laneo, utentes) quae telas nodosas saepe faciunt, setasque serratas in tarso cruris quarti habent.

Genera[recensere | fontem recensere]

Mense Novembri 2015 World Spider Catalog sequentia taxorum exstantium genera accipit:[5]

Theridula angula saccum ovorum ab alia ad aliam arborem fert.

Circa triginta quinque genera exstincta in familiam digesta sunt.[6];

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Cirrus Digital "Tangle Web Spider Enoplognatha ovata."
  2. Grimaldi et al. 2002.
  3. Leong, Misha; Bertone, Matthew A.; Savage, Amy M.; Bayless, Keith M.; Dunn, Robert R.; Trautwein, Michelle D. (2017). "The Habitats Humans Provide: Factors affecting the diversity and composition of arthropods in houses". Scientific Reports 7 (15347) 
  4. Platnick, Norman I.. "The World Spider Catalog" .
  5. "Family: Theridiidae Sundevall, 1833", World Spider Catalog (Natural History Museum Bern) .
  6. Dunlop, J.A.; Penney, D.; Jekel, D. (2015). "A summary list of fossil spiders and their relatives". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern .

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Agnarsson I. 2004. Morphological phylogeny of cobweb spiders and their relatives (Araneae, Araneoidea, Theridiidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 447–626. PDF.
  • Agnarsson, I. 2006a. A revision of the New World eximius lineage of Anelosimus (Araneae, Theridiidae) and a phylogenetic analysis using worldwide exemplars. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 146: 453–593. PDF.
  • Agnarsson, I. 2006b. Asymmetric female genitalia and other remarkable morphology in a new genus of cobweb spiders (Theridiidae, Araneae) from Madagascar. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 87: 211–32. PDF.
  • Agnarsson I. 2006c. Phylogenetic placement of Echinotheridion (Araneae: Theridiidae): do male sexual organ removal, emasculation, and sexual cannibalism in Echinotheridion and Tidarren represent evolutionary replicas? Invertebrate Systematics 20: 415–29. PDF.
  • Arnedo, M. A., J. Coddington, I. Agnarsson, et R. G. Gillespie. 2004. From a comb to a tree: phylogenetic relationships of the comb-footed spiders (Araneae, Theridiidae) inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31: 225–45. PDF.
  • Arnedo, M. A., I/ Agnarsson, et R. G. Gillespie. In Press. Molecular insights into the phylogenetic structure of the spider genus Theridion (Araneae, Theridiidae) and the origin of the Hawaiian Theridion-like fauna. Zoologica Scripta.
  • Aviles, L., W. P. Maddison, et I Agnarsson. 2006. A new independently derived social spider with explosive colony proliferation and a female size dimorphism. Biotropica 38: 743–53.
  • Benjamin, S. P., et S. Zschokke. 2003. Webs of theridiid spiders: construction, structure and evolution. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 78: 293–305.
  • Blackledge, T. A., J. E. Swindeman, et C. Y. Hayashi. 2005. Quasistatic and continuous dynamic characterization of the mechanical properties of silk from the cobweb of the black widow spider Latrodectus hesperus. Journal of Experimental Biology 208:1937–1949.
  • Blackledge, T. A., et J. M. Zevenbergen. 2007. Condition dependent spider web architecture in the western black widow Latrodectus hesperus. Animal Behaviour 73: 855–64.
  • Gillespie, R. G., et B. E. Tabashnik. 1989. What makes a happy face? Determinants of color pattern in the Hawaiian happy face spider Theridion grallator (Araneae, Theridiidae). Heredity 62: 355–64.
  • Gillespie, R. G., et B. E. Tabashnik. 1994. Foraging Behavior of the Hawaiian Happy Face Spider (Araneae, Theridiidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 87: 815–22.
  • Grimaldi, D. A., et al. 2002. Fossiliferous Cretaceous Amber from Myanmar (Burma): Its Rediscovery, Biotic Diversity, and Paleontological Significance. American Museum Novitates 33612.
  • Grostal, P., et D. E. Walter. 1997. Kleptoparasites or commensals? Effects of Argyrodes antipodianus (Araneae: Theridiidae) on nephila plumipes (Araneae: Tetragnathidae). Oecologia 111: 570–74.
  • Oxford, G. S., et R. G. Gillespie. 1996a. Genetics of a colour polymorphism in Theridion grallator (Araneae: Theridiidae), the Hawaiian happy-face spider, from greater Maui. Heredity 76: 238–48.
  • Oxford, G. S., et R. G. Gillespie. 1996b. Quantum shifts in the genetic control of a colour polymorphism in Theridion grallator (Araneae: Theridiidae), the Hawaiian happy-face spider. Heredity 76: 249–56.
  • Purcell, J., et L. Aviles. 2007. Smaller colonies and more solitary living mark higher elevation populations of a social spider. Journal of Animal Ecology 76: 590–97.
  • Vollrath, F. 1979. Behavior of the Kleptoparasitic Spider Argyrodes-Elevatus (Araneae, Theridiidae). Animal Behaviour 27: 515–21.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Wikispecies-logo.svg Vide "Theridiidas" apud Vicispecies.
Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Theridiidas spectant.