Salmo

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Salmo salar.jpg

Classis : Actinopterygii 
Ordo : Salmoniformes 
Familia : Salmonidae 
Subfamilia : Salmoninae 
Genus : Salmo 
Linnaeus, 1758
   
Palaeontologia
ex Miocaeno ad hoc tempus[1]
Subdivisiones: Species
(vide textum)

Salmo est genus piscis familiae Salmonidarum, quod species notas Salmonem salarem et S. truttam comprehendit. Plerique salmones indigenae sunt Europae; tractus soli S. salaris ad septentrionalem Americae Borealis partem patet. Salmo apud scriptores Latini classici est S. salar, sed pisces Pacifici qui Anglice salmon et trout appellantur ad genus Oncorhynchum pertinent.

Numerus specierum Salmonis in dubio est. Quoniam Salmo salar et Salmo trutta pervulgati sunt, pleraeque aliae species unicis fluviorum systematibus sunt endemicae.

Species[recensere | fontem recensere]

Hodie in hoc genere ponuntur species quadraginta sex:

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Turan, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2012): The trouts of the Mediterranean drainages of southern Anatolia, Turkey, with description of three new species (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (3): 219-236.
  3. Turan, D., M. Kottelat and S. Engin, 2009. Two new species of trouts, resident and migratory, sympatric in streams of northern Anatolia (Salmoniformes: Salmonidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 20(4):333-364.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Turan, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2014): Two new species of trouts from the Euphrates drainage, Turkey (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 24 (3) [2013]: 275-288.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Wikidata-logo.svg Situs scientifici:  • ITIS • NCBI • Biodiversity • WoRMS: Marine Species • Fossilworks