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Trogoniformes

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Harpactes erythrocephalus - Khao Yai.jpg

Classis : Aves 
Ordo : Trogoniformes 
American Ornithologists' Union, 1886
Familia : Trogonidae 
Lesson, 1828
   
Palaeontologia
Eocaeno ineunte, 49–0 m.a.
Territorium
Priotelus temnurus est una ex duabus speciebus in insulis Caribicis endemicis.
Par Harpactum duvaucelii dimorphismum sexualem in pennis monstrant, femina in laeva parte, mari in dextra.

Trogoniformes sunt ordo avium, cui est una familia, Trogonidae. Familiae vicissim sunt quadraginta sex species in septem genera digestae. Fossilia Trogoniformium ex Eocaeno ineunte abhinc annorum 49 milliones descripta sunt, quae in basali ordinis Coraciiformium radiatione implicantur,[1] vel artissime cum coliidis et strigiformibus[2][3] fortasse sunt. Ordinis nomen, a Graeco trogon 'arrodendo' deductum, quod hae aves foramina in arboribus ad nidificandum arrodunt attingit.

Trogoniformes in silvis tropicis per orbem terrarum habitant. Maxima biodiversitas in neotropicis invenitur, ubi viginti quattuor species in quattuor genera digestae fiunt. Generi Apalodermae sunt solae species Africanae. Genera Harpactes et Apalharpactes, duodecim species comprehendentia, in Asia Meridio-Orientali inveniuntur.[4]

Insectis et fructibus vescuntur, ac forma eorum rostrorum et infirmitas eorum crurum diaetam habitusque arboreales indicant. Rapide volare possunt, sed magna spatia transeunt invite. Migrare plerumque non solent, quamquam nonnullae species parvis regionibus utuntur. Earum pennae sunt molles, saepe clarissime coloratae, pennis marum pennarum feminarum dissimilibus. Solum animal sunt digitis heterodactylibus praeditis. In foraminibus in arboribus vel nidis isopterorum nidificant, ubi a duo ad quattuor ova alba vel pallida tanta pariunt.

Species[recensere | fontem recensere]

  
  
  

Harpactes



Apaloderma




Trogon




Priotelus



Quetzals

Euptilotis



Pharomachrus



Phylogenia generum in Moyle 2005 condita.[5]
  • Ordo Trogoniformes
    • Familia Trogonidae
Imago Genus Species exstans
Narina Trogon, Apaloderma narina MALE at Lekgalameetse Provincial Reserve, Limpopo, South Africa (14654439002).jpg Apaloderma Swainson, 1833
Javan Trogon (Harpactes reinwardtii reinwardtii).jpg Apalharpactes Bonaparte, 1854
Harpactes oreskios - Kaeng Krachan.jpg Harpactes Swainson, 1833
Cuban trogon (Priotelus temnurus).JPG Priotelus G.R. Gray, 1840
Black-headed Trogon-Trogon melanocephalus-Male.jpg Trogon Gould, 1836
Euptilotis neoxenus.jpg Euptilotis Gould, 1858
Pharomachrus mocinno -male.jpg Pharomachrus La Llave, 1832

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Lapsus in citando: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Johansson
  2. Lapsus in citando: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named McCormack
  3. Lapsus in citando: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Hackett
  4. Lapsus in citando: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named HBW
  5. Lapsus in citando: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Moyle

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12]

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Maurer, David R., et Robert J. Raikow. 1981. Appendicular myology, phylogeny, and classification of the avian order Coraciiformes (including Trogoniformes). Pittsburgi Pennsylvaniae: Carnegie Museum of Natural History.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Trogonidas spectant.
Wikidata-logo.svg Situs scientifici:  • ITIS • NCBI • Biodiversity • Encyclopedia of Life • Fossilworks
  1. Espinosa de los Monteros, Alejandro (Oct 1998). "Phylogenetic Relationships Among the Trogons". The Auk 115 (4): 937–954 
  2. Collar, N. & Van Ballen, S. (2002). "The Blue-tailed Trogon Harpactes (Apalharpactes) reinwardtii: species limits and conservation status". Forktail 18: 121–125 
  3. Dacosta, J & Klicka, J. (2008). "The Great American Interchange in birds: a phylogenetic perspective with the genus Trogon". Molecular Ecology 17 (5): 1328–43 
  4. Hackett, S. J.; Kimball, R. T.; Reddy, S.; Bowie, R. C. K.; Braun, E. L.; Braun, M. J.; Chojnowski, J. L.; Cox, W. A. et al (2008). "A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History". Science 320 (5884): 1763–1768 
  5. Johansson, Ulf S. & Ericson, Per G. P. (2003). "Molecular support for a sister group relationship between Pici and Galbulae (Piciformes sensu Wetmore 1960)". Journal of Avian Biology 34 (2): 185–197 
  6. Johansson, U. S.; Ericson, P. G. P. (1 Maii 2005). "A re-evaluation of basal phylogenetic relationships within trogons (Aves: Trogonidae) based on nuclear DNA sequences". Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 43 (2): 166–173 
  7. McCormack, John E.; Harvey, Michael G.; Faircloth, Brant C.; Crawford, Nicholas G.; Glenn, Travis C.; Brumfield, Robb T. (2013). "A Phylogeny of Birds Based on over 1,500 Loci Collected by Target Enrichment and High-Throughput Sequencing". PLoS ONE 8 (1): e54848. arXiv:1210.1604 
  8. Remsen J. V., Jr.; Hyde M. A. & Chapman A. (1993). "The Diets of Neotropical Trogons, Motmots, Barbets and Toucans". Condor 95 (1): 178–192 
  9. Skutch A.F. (1944). "Life History of the Quetzal". Condor 46 (5): 213–235 
  10. Wheelwright N. T. (1983). "Fruits and the Ecology of Resplendent Quetzals". Auk 100 (2): 286–301 
  11. Windsor, D. M. (1976). "Birds as Predators on the Brood of Polybia Wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Polistinae) in a Costa Rican Deciduous Forest". Biotropica 8 (2): 111–116 
  12. Moyle, Robert G. (2005). "Phylogeny and biogeographical history of Trogoniformes, a pantropical bird order". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 84 (4): 725–738