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Theraphosidae

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Brachypelma klaasi 2009 G01 cropped.jpg
Brachypelma klaasi (vulgo 'tarantula rosea mexicana')

Subphylum : Chelicerata 
Classis : Arachnida 
Ordo : Araneae 
Infraordo : Mygalomorphae 
Familia : Theraphosidae 
Thorell, 1869
   
Palaeontologia
Neogaeno–praesens
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Subdivisiones: Genera
Territorium
Distribution.theraphosidae.1.png

Theraphosidae sunt familia magnarum saetosarumque aranearum infraordinis Mygalomorpharum,[1] quarum circiter mille species hodie descriptae sunt.[2] Nonnullae ex speciebus vulgatis in commercio mirificorum animalium dilectorum populo grata factae sunt; multis autem Mundi Novi speciebus dilectis sunt saetae urticantes, quae cutem hominum inflammare, atque adeo oculos ladere possunt.[3]

Prospectus[recensere | fontem recensere]

Theraphosidae, sicut omnia arthropoda, sunt invertebrata quorum subsidium musculare exosceleto nititur.[4] Corpus, sicut corpora aliorum arachnidorum, in duabus partibus principalibus consistit, quae sunt prosoma (vel cephalothorax) et opisthosoma (vel abdomen), ambobus per pedicellum conectis. Quae res conectens in media corporis parte re vera est pars prosomatis, quae opisthosomati latam motionis extensionem de motione prosomatis dat.

Distributio[recensere | fontem recensere]

Theraphosidae variarum specierum per Civitates Foederatas, Mexicum, et Americam Mediam et Australem vigent. Aliae species varie per Africam, multum Asiae (Insulis Riuciuensibus in Iaponia meridiana non exclusis), et omnem Australiam. In Europa, nonnullae species Hispania, Portugalia, Turcia, Italia meridiana, et Cypro inveniuntur.

Taxinomia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Pro collocatione theraphosidarum inter Mygalomorphas, vide cladogramma.


   Mygalomorphae   

   

Antrodiaetidae



Atypidae




   

Mecicobothriidae



   

Microstigmatidae



   

Dipluridae



Hexathelidae



Nemesiidae



   

Barychelidae



   

Theraphosidae



Paratropididae










Cyrtaucheniidae




Ctenizidae



Idiopidae





Actinopodidae



Migidae






Araneomorphae



Cladogramma gregis.[5]

Subfamiliae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Quindecim subfamiliae agnoscuntur.

Genera[recensere | fontem recensere]

Apertura cuniculi cuiusdam theraphosidae.
Theraphosida ad ostium sui cuniculi stat.
Tarantula native to the Mojave Desert searches for burrow.
Aphonopelma mojave: theraphosida in Deserto Mojave indigena cuniculum petit.
Theraphosida Brasiliana se defendens minatur.
Thermica theraphosidae imago super endothermicam hominis manum.
Theraphosida fricta in caupona Cambodiana.
Adulta Brachypelma smithi femina, saetis remotis.
Aphonopelma eutylenum mas prope Exeter Californiae errat.

Mense Iulio anni 2020, World Spider Catalog haec genera accipiebat.[9]

Genera obsoleta

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Shultz, Stanley; Shultz, Marguerite (2009). The Tarantula Keeper's Guide. Hauppauge Novi Eboraci: Barron's. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-7641-3885-0 .
  2. "Currently valid spider genera and species", World Spider Catalog (Natural History Museum Bern) .
  3. Blaikie et al 1997.
  4. Pomeroy, R. (2014, February 4). Pub. Real Clear Science , "Spiders, and Their Amazing Hydraulic Legs and Genitalia". Ex https://www.realclearscience.com/blog/2013/02/spiders-their-amazing-hydraulic-legs-and-genitals.html.
  5. J. A. Coddington, "Phylogeny and Classification of Spiders." In Spiders of North America: An Identification Manual, ed. D. Ubick, P. Paquin, P. E. Cushing, et V. Roth (American Arachnological Society, 2005), cap 2, pp. 18-24.
  6. In nonnullis circumscriptionibus eaedem ac Ischnocolinae.
  7. Familia monotypica: genus Poecilotheria.
  8. Usitate reiectae, genere Hemirrhago inter Theraphosinas digesto.
  9. "Family: Theraphosidae Thorell, 1869". Natural History Museum Bern .

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Blaikie, Andrew J., John Ellis; Roshini Sanders, et Caroline J. MacEwen. 1997. "Eye disease associated with handling pet tarantulas: three case reports." BMJ 314, no. 7093 (24 Maii): 1524–5. doi:10.1136/bmj.314.7093.1524. PMC 2126783. PMID 9183200. Editio interretialis.
  • Coddington, J. A. 2005. "Phylogeny and Classification of Spiders." In Spiders of North America: An Identification Manual, ed. D. Ubick, P. Paquin, P. E. Cushing, et V. Roth, cap 2, pp. 18–-24. American Arachnological Society.
  • Estrada-Alvarez, Julio C., et H. D. Cameron. 2012. "Etymological origins of the generic names of Mexican tarantulas (Araneae:Theraphosidae)." Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 21: 153–160. Editio interretialis.
  • Foelix, Rainer F. 1992. Biologie der Spinnen. Stutgardiae: Georg Thieme. ISBN 3-13-575802-8.
  • Koch, C. L. 1850. Übersicht des Arachnidensystems. Vol. 5. Norimbergae: J. L. Lotzbeck. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.39561. Editio interretialis.
  • Pocock, R. I. 1901. "Some new and old genera of S.-American Avicularidae." Annals and Magazine of Natural History series 7: 8 (48): 540–55. doi:10.1080/03745480109443359. Editio interretialis.
  • Raven, R. R. 2005. "A new tarantula species from northern Australia (Araneae, Theraphosidae)." Zootaxa 1004: 15–28. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.1004.1.2. PDF.
  • Reichling, S. B., et R. C. West. 1996. "A new genus and species of theraphosid spider from Belize (Araneae, Theraphosidae)." Journal of Arachnology 24: 254–61. PDF.
  • Schmerler, Johann Adam. 1794/ Lateinisch-deutsches und deutsch lateinisches Wörterbuch. Ed. tertia, vol. 2. Erlangen: J. J. Palm. OCLC 669374426. Google Books.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Wikispecies-logo.svg Vide "Theraphosidas" apud Vicispecies.
Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Theraphosidas spectant.
Wikisource-logo.svg Vide De vita araneae apud Vicifontem.
Wikidata-logo.svg Situs scientifici:  • ITIS • NCBI • Biodiversity • Encyclopedia of Life • Fossilworks