The Sun Also Rises

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Hemingway (ad sinistram), cum Haroldo Loeb, Duff Twysden (petasta), Hadley Richardson, Donaldo Ogden Stewart (obscuratus), ac Patricio Guthrie (ad dextimam) in taberna Pompelonis mense Iulii 1925. Twysden, Loeb, ac Guthrie fuerunt exempla personarum Brett Ashley, Roberti Cohn, ac Michaëlis Campbell in The Sun Also Rises.

The Sun Also Rises ('Sol etiam oritur'[1]) est mythistoria anno 1926 ab Ernesto Hemingway, scriptore Americano scripta, quae historiam tractat gregis Americanorum et Britannorum, Franciam habitantium, quae Lutetiâ Pompelonem ad festum Sancti Firmini, encierro et tauromachiam (cursum et venationem taurorum) spectanda eunt. Liber mense Octobri anni 1926 a Scribner's domo edictrice Neoeboracensi editus est. Post annum domus Londiniensis Ionathan Cape eum titulo Fiesta edidit. Ex illo tempore usque adhuc continue impressus est. Paulo post editionem laudatus et reprehensus, deinde eminens modernismi exemplum et maximum Ernesti Hemingway opus habitus est.[2][3]

Hemingway mythistoriam scribere coepit die natali suo (21 Iulii) anno 1925, primum exemplum post duos menses perficiens. Deinde librum brevi tempore relictum hieme anni 1926 recognovit. Fons narrationis fuit iter quem Hemingway anno 1925 e Francia in Hispaniam fecit. Singulares et memorabiles sunt loci in libro descripti, ut sordida tabernarum Parisiensium vita, tranquillus iter piscatorius in Pyrenaeis factus, ac periculosus Pompelonis dies festi. Genus scribendi Hemingway, in qua rhetoricae floridae descriptionem simplicem et concisam praefert, deinde "theoria montis glacialis" appellatum est.

The Sun Also Rises est mythistoria clavigera (roman à clef), nam personae in hominibus scriptori notis et narratio in rebus veris nituntur. Hemingway in hoc libro affirmat generationem amissam (Anglice Lost Generation), quam alii libidinosam et propter primo bello mundano afflictam habuerunt, fortem et non casuram esse. Praeterea themata amoris, mortis, renovationis, ac masculinitatis tractat.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Confer tituli fontem, librum Ecclesiasten 1:5: "Oritur sol et occidit, et ad locum suum revertitur."
  2. Meyers 1985: 192.
  3. Wagner-Martin 1990: 1.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Aldridge, John W. (1990). "Afterthought on the Twenties and The Sun Also Rises". in Wagner-Martin, Linda (ed). New Essays on Sun Also Rises. New York: Cambridge UP. ISBN 978-0-521-30204-3
  • Baker, Carlos (1972). Hemingway: The Writer as Artist. Princeton: Princeton UP. ISBN 978-0-691-01305-3
  • Baker, Carlos (1987). "The Wastelanders". in Bloom, Harold (ed). Modern Critical Interpretations: Ernest Hemingway's "The Sun Also Rises". New York: Chelsea House. ISBN 978-1-55546-053-2
  • Balassi, William (1990). "Hemingway's Greatest Iceberg: The Composition of The Sun Also Rises". in Barbour, James and Quirk, Tom (eds). Writing the American Classics. Chapel Hill: North Carolina UP. ISBN 978-0-8078-1896-1
  • Baym, Nina (1990). "Actually I Felt Sorry for the Lion". in Benson, Jackson J. (ed). New Critical Approaches to the Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway. Durham: Duke UP. ISBN 978-0-8223-1067-9
  • Beegel, Susan (1996). "Conclusion: The Critical Reputation". in Donaldson, Scott (ed). The Cambridge Companion to Ernest Hemingway. New York: Cambridge UP. ISBN 978-0-521-45574-9.
  • Benson, Jackson (1989). "Ernest Hemingway: The Life as Fiction and the Fiction as Life". American Literature. 61 (3): 354–358.
  • Berman, Ronald (2011). Translating Modernism: Fitzgerald and Hemingway. Tuscaloosa: Alabama UP. ISBN 978-0-8173-5665-1.
  • Bloom, Harold (1987). "Introduction". in Bloom, Harold (ed). Modern Critical Interpretations: Ernest Hemingway's "The Sun Also Rises". New York: Chelsea House. ISBN 978-1-55546-053-2.
  • Bloom, Harold (2007). "Introduction". in Bloom, Harold (ed). Ernest Hemingway's "The Sun Also Rises". New York: Infobase Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7910-9359-7.
  • Daiker, Donald (2009). "Lady Ashley, Pedro Romero and the Madrid Sequence of The Sun Also Rises". The Hemingway Review. 29 (1): 73–86.
  • Davidson, Cathy and Arnold (1990). "Decoding the Hemingway Hero in The Sun Also Rises". in Wagner-Martin, Linda (ed). New Essays on Sun Also Rises. Novi Eboraci: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-30204-3.
  • Djos, Matt (1995). "Alcoholism in Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises". The Hemingway Review. 14(2): 64–78.
  • Donaldson, Scott (2002). "Hemingway's Morality of Compensation". in Wagner-Martin, Linda (ed). Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises: A Casebook. New York: Oxford UP. ISBN 978-0-19-514573-1
  • Elliot, Ira (1995). "Performance Art: Jake Barnes and Masculine Signification in The Sun Also Rises". American Literature. 63 (1): 77–94
  • Fiedler, Leslie (1975). Love and Death in the American Novel. Novi Eboraci: Stein and Day. ISBN 978-0-8128-1799-7
  • Fore, Dana (2007). "Life Unworthy of Life? Masculinity, Disability, and Guilt in The Sun Also Rises. The Hemingway Review. 16 (1): 75–88
  • Hays, Peter L., ed. (2007). "Teaching Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises." Cantiae Ohii: The Kent State University Press.
  • Hemingway, Ernest (1926). The Sun Also Rises. Novi Eboraci: Scribner. 2006 edition. ISBN 978-0-7432-9733-2
  • Josephs, Allen (1987). "Torero: The Moral Axis of The Sun Also Rises". in Bloom, Harold (ed). Modern Critical Interpretations: Ernest Hemingway's "The Sun Also Rises". Novi Eboraci: Chelsea House. ISBN 978-1-55546-053-2
  • Kinnamon, Keneth (2002). "Hemingway, the Corrida, and Spain". in Wagner-Martin, Linda (ed). Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises: A Casebook. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-514573-1
  • Knopf, Josephine (1987). "Meyer Wolfsheim and Robert Cohn: A Study of a Jew Type and Sterotype". in Bloom, Harold (ed). Modern Critical Interpretations: Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises". Novi Eboraci: Chelsea House. ISBN 978-1-55546-053-2
  • Leff, Leonard (1999). Hemingway and His Conspirators: Hollywood, Scribner's and the making of American Celebrity Culture. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-8476-8545-5
  • Mellow, James (1992). Hemingway: A Life Without Consequences. Bostoniae: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0-395-37777-2
  • Meyers, Jeffrey (1985). Hemingway: A Biography. Novi Eboraci: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-42126-0
  • Müller, Timo (2010). "The Uses of Authenticity: Hemingway and the Literary Field, 1926–1936". Journal of Modern Literature. 33(1): 28–42
  • Nagel, James (1996). "Brett and the Other Women in The Sun Also Rises". in Donaldson, Scott (ed). The Cambridge Companion to Ernest Hemingway. New York: Cambridge UP. ISBN 978-0-521-45574-9
  • Oliver, Charles (1999). Ernest Hemingway A to Z: The Essential Reference to the Life and Work. New York: Checkmark Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8160-3467-3
  • Reynolds, Michael (1990). "Recovering the Historical Context". in Wagner-Martin, Linda (ed). New Essays on Sun Also Rises. New York: Cambridge UP. ISBN 978-0-521-30204-3
  • Reynolds, Michael (1999). Hemingway: The Final Years. New York: Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-32047-3
  • Reynolds, Michael (1989). Hemingway: The Paris Years. New York: Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-31879-1
  • Reynolds, Michael (1998). The Young Hemingway. New York: Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-31776-3
  • Stoltzfus, Ben (2005). "Sartre, "Nada," and Hemingway's African Stories". Comparative Literature Studies. 42(3): 228–250.
  • Stoneback, H.R. (2007). "Reading Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises: Glossary and Commentary." Cantiae Ohii: Kent State University Press.
  • Svoboda, Frederic (1983). Hemingway & The Sun Also Rises: The Crafting of a Style. Lawrence: Kansas UP. ISBN 978-0-7006-0228-5.
  • Trodd, Zoe (2007). "Hemingway's Camera Eye: The Problems of Language and an Interwar Politics of Form". The Hemingway Review. 26(2): 7–21.
  • Wagner-Martin, Linda (2002). "Introduction". in Wagner-Martin, Linda (ed). Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises: A Casebook. New York: Oxford UP. ISBN 978-0-19-514573-1.
  • Wagner-Martin, Linda (1990). "Introduction". in Wagner-Martin, Linda (ed). New Essays on Sun Also Rises. New York: Cambridge UP. ISBN 978-0-521-30204-3.
  • White, William (1969). The Merrill Studies in The Sun Also Rises. Columbus: C. E. Merrill.
  • Young, Philip (1973). Ernest Hemingway. St. Paul: Minnesota UP. ISBN 978-0-8166-0191-2.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]