Latinitas nondum censa
Coordinata: 36°48′2″N 44°14′36″E / 36.80056°N 44.24333°E / 36.80056; 44.24333

Spelunca Šanīdar

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Šanīdar (Iraciae)
Šanīdar
Šanīdar
Situs in Iraca

Spelunca Šanīdar (Arabice كهف شاندر), apud archaeologos saepius Shanidar vel Zawi Chemi Shanidar, caverna ad ripam sinistram fluminis Lyci sub rupe abrupta latens, est locus habitationis et sepulturae hominum neanderthalensium cultus Mousterii atque tardius cultus Neolithici incipientis.

Ossa hominum neanderthalensium decem ibi reperta sunt una cum vestigia animalium a venatoribus interfectorum. Cadaver senis qui "Shanidar IV" nuncupatur in lecto surculorum Ephedra iacebat. Iuxta eum reperta est pollen plantarum medicinalium Achillea fortasse millefolium, Centaurea sp., Senecio sp., Muscari sp., Ephedra altissima,[1] Althaea seu rosea seu kurdica.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Ita auctores: an Ephedra procera sive alia?

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Speluncae Šanīdar aditus
  • Arlette Leroi-Gourhan, "Le Néanderthalien IV de Shanidar" in Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française vol. 65 (1968) pp. 79-83
  • Arlette Leroi-Gourhan, "Rites et Langage à Shanidar?" in Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française vol. 97 (2000) pp. 291-293
  • Arlette Leroi-Gourhan, "Shanidar et ses fleurs" in Paléorient vol. 24 (1998) pp. 79-88
  • Arlette Leroi-Gourhan, "The Flowers Found with Shanidar IV, a Neanderthal Burial in Iraq" in Science vol. 190 (1975) pp. 562-564 Epitome
  • J. Lietava, "Medicinal plants in a Middle Paleolithic grave Shanidar IV?" in Journal of Ethnopharmacolology vol. 35 (1992) pp. 263-266 Epitome
  • R. L. Solecki, "Zawi Chemi Shanidar, a post-Pleistocene village site in northern Iraq" in Report of the VIth International Congress on the Quaternary vol. 4 (1964) pp. 405-412
  • E. Trinkaus, D. D. Arter, R. G. Franciscus, "A Reconstruction of the Shanidar 4 Facial Skeleton" in Paléorient vol. 22 (1996) pp. 51-66

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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