Quantum redactiones paginae "Graecia antiqua" differant

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'''Graecia antiqua''' ([[Graece]] Ἑλλάς), qua [[cultura]] [[Europa]]ea maxime imbuta est, fuit [[civilizatio]] tempore [[Historia Graeca|historico]] a [[saecula obscura (Graecia antiqua)|saeculis obscuris Graecis]] [[saeculum|saeculorum]] a [[saeculum 12 a.C.n.|duodecimo]] ad [[saeculum 9 a.C.n.|nonum]] usque ad finem [[Aevum Classicum|antiquitatis classicae]] (circa annum [[600]]). Sub hoc tempore erant initium [[Medium Aevum Primum|Medii Aevi Primi]] et aevi [[Imperium Romanum Orientale|Byzantini]].<ref name="Thomas1988">{{cite book|author=Carol G. Thomas|title=Paths from ancient Greece|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=NAwVAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA27|year=1988|publisher=Brill|isbn=978-90-04-08846-7|pages=27–50}}</ref> [[Saeculum 8 a.C.n.|Saeculo octavo a.C.n.]], tria fere [[saeculum|saecula]] post [[Graecia Mycenaeana|Graeciam Mycenaeanam]] [[ruina Aetatis Aeneae exeuntis|collapsam]], [[urbs|urbanae]] [[polis|polites]] Graecae coalescere coeperunt, [[Graecia archaica|aevum archaicum]] et [[coloniae in antiquitate|Graecam Pelvis Mediterraneae colonizationem]] instituentes. Tempus [[Graecia Classica|Graeciae Classicae]] insecutum est, aevum quod [[bella Graeco-Persica|bellis Graeco-Persicis]] [[saeculum|saeculorum]] [[saeculum 5 a.C.n.|quinti]] et [[saeculum 4 a.C.n.|quarti a.C.n.]] fiebat. Propter victorias [[Alexander Magnus|Alexandri Magni]] [[Macedonia (regnum)|Macedoniae]], [[Hellenismus|civilizatio Hellenistica]] ab [[Asia Media]] ad [[occidens|occidentalia]] [[Mare Mediterraneum|Maris Mediterranei]] [[litus|litora]] vigebat. [[Graecia Hellenistica|Tempus Hellenisticum]] finivit post victorias [[Roma antiqua|Romanas]], cum [[Res Publica Romana]] [[mundus|mundum]] [[Mediterraneum orientale|Mediterranei orientalis]] in suam [[potestas|dicionem]] redigeret, [[Macedonia (provincia Romana)|Macedoniam]] [[provincia]]m Romanam in [[Graecia Romana]] primum constituens, antequam [[Imperium Romanum]] [[Achaea (provincia Romana)|Achaeam]] provinciam constituit.
 
Classica [[cultura Graeca]], praecipue [[philosophia]], [[Roma antiqua|Romam antiquam]] magnopere movit, quae eam in bonam partem accipiens ad multas [[Pelvis Mediterranea]]e [[Europa Occidentalis|Europaeque Occidentalis]] [[regio]]nes vicissim tulit. Qua pro causa, Graecia classica [[cultura]] seminalis latissime habetur, quae fundamenta quidem hodiernae [[cultura Occidentalis|culturae Occidentalis]] iecit et ergo incunabulum [[civilizatio]]nis Occidentalis erat.<ref name="EllynMcGinnis2004">{{cite book|author1=Maura Ellyn|author2=Maura McGinnis|title=Greece: A Primary Source Cultural Guide|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=N69iOTtVHGYC&pg=PT8|year=2004|publisher=The Rosen Publishing Group|isbn=978-0-8239-3999-2|page=8}}.</ref><ref name="FindlingPelle2004">{{cite book|author1=John E. Findling|author2=Kimberly D. Pelle|title=Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=QmXi_-Jujj0C&pg=PR23|year=2004|publisher=Greenwood Publishing Group|isbn=978-0-313-32278-5|page=23}}.</ref><ref name="ThompsonMullin">{{cite book|author1=Wayne C. Thompson|author2=Mark H. Mullin|title=Western Europe, 1983|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=serMXIpALD0C|publisher=Stryker-Post Publications|page=337|quote=for ancient Greece was the cradle of Western culture}}.</ref><ref name="Copleston2003">{{cite book|author=Frederick Copleston|title=History of Philosophy Volume 1: Greece and Rome|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Y08L-MC36JUC&pg=PA13|year=2003|publisher=A&C Black|isbn=978-0-8264-6895-6|page=13|quote=Part I Pre-Socratic Philosophy Chapter II The Cradle Western Thought }}</ref><ref name="Iozzo2001">{{cite book|author=Mario Iozzo|title=Art and History of Greece: And Mount Athos|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Q51-HAiZQwMC&pg=PA7|year=2001|publisher=Casa Editrice Bonechi|isbn=978-88-8029-435-1|page=7|quote=The capital of Greece, one of the world's most glorious cities and the cradle of Western culture.}}</ref><ref name="Melotti2011">{{cite book|author=Marxiano Melotti|title=The Plastic Venuses: Archaeological Tourism in Post-Modern Society|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=jgIrBwAAQBAJ&pg=PA188|year=2011|publisher=Cambridge Scholars Publishing|isbn=978-1-4438-3028-7|page=188|quote=In short, Greece, despite having been the cradle of Western culture, was then an "other" space separate from the West.}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|title=Library Journal|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=TFZVAAAAYAAJ|year=1972|publisher=Bowker|volume=97|page=1588|quote=Ancient Greece: Cradle of Western Culture (Series), disc. 6 strips cum 3 discs, range: 44–60 fr., 17–18 min}}.</ref><ref name="Burstein2002">{{cite book|author=Stanley Mayer Burstein|title=Current Issues and the Study of Ancient History|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=17xmAAAAMAAJ|year=2002|publisher=Regina Books|isbn=978-1-930053-10-6|page=15|quote=and making Egypt play the same role in African education and culture that Athens and Greece do in Western culture.}}</ref><ref name="Jr.2015">{{cite book|author=Murray Milner, Jr.|title=Elites: A General Model|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=MvYlBgAAQBAJ&pg=PA62|year=2015|publisher=John Wiley & Sons|isbn=978-0-7456-8950-0|page=62|quote=Greece has long been considered the seedbed or cradle of Western civilization.}}</ref><ref name="Aa.Vv.2011">{{cite book|author=Auctores varii|title=Slavica viterbiensia 003: Periodico di letterature e culture slave della Facoltà di Lingue e Letterature Straniere Moderne dell'Università della Tuscia|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=f9fTPUTPPhkC&pg=PA148|year=2011|publisher=Gangemi Editore spa|isbn=978-88-492-6909-3|page=148|quote=The Special Case of Greece The ancient Greece was a cradle of the Western culture,}}</ref><ref name="Covert2011">{{cite book|author=Kim Covert|title=Ancient Greece: Birthplace of Democracy|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=KVMYJNvUiYkC&pg=PP5|year=2011|publisher=Capstone|isbn=978-1-4296-6831-6|page=5|quote=Ancient Greece is often called the cradle of western civilization.&nbsp;... Ideas from literature and science also have their roots in ancient Greece.}}</ref><ref name="Duchesne2011">{{cite book|author=Ricardo Duchesne|title=The Uniqueness of Western Civilization|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=pWmDPzPo0XAC&pg=PA297|year=2011|publisher=Brill|isbn=90-04-19248-4|page=297|quote=The list of books which have celebrated Greece as the "cradle" of the West is endless; two more examples are Charles Freeman's The Greek Achievement: The Foundation of the Western World (1999) and Bruce Thornton's Greek Ways: How the Greeks Created Western Civilization (2000)}}.</ref><ref>Bruce Thornton, ''Greek Ways: How the Greeks Created Western Civilization'', Encounter Books, 2002.</ref><ref>Richard Tarnas, ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=0n2C299jeOMC&lpg=PA25&pg=PP1#v=onepage The Passion of the Western Mind]'' (Novi Eboraci: Ballantine Books, 1991).</ref><ref>Colin Hynson, ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=hmweq2TyxvsC&pg=PT5#v=onepage Ancient Greece]'' (Milwaukee: World Almanac Library, 2006), 4.</ref><ref>Carol G. Thomas, ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=NAwVAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA1#v=onepage Paths from Ancient Greece]'' (Lugduni Batavorum: E.J. Brill, 1988).</ref>
 
== Graecia archaica (circiter 700–500 a.C.n.) ==
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