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Ranidae

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RanaTemporaria.jpg

Classis : Amphibia 
Ordo : Anura 
Familia : Ranidae 
   
Synonyma
See text

Ranidae sunt familia amphibiorum ordinis Anurorum, cui est latissima distributio ullius familiae anurorum. Per plurimum orbis terrarum abundant, in omnibus continentibus praeter Antarcticam habitantes. Adsunt in America Septentrionali, septentrionali America Australi, Europa, Africa (Madagascaria non exclusa), et Asia. Earum terrae Asianae trans Indos Orientales ad Novam Guineam extenduntur, ac sola species, Hylarana daemelii, ad extremas Australiae regiones septentrionales pervenit.

Ranidis sunt cutis plerumque levis et umida, crura magna et fortia, ac pedes plerumque ad nandum accommodati. Ranidae magnitudine late variant, a minusculis, sicut Lithobates sylvatica, ad magnas.

Multae Ranidae sunt aquaticae vel prope aquam habitant. Multae species ova ponunt in aqua et stationem ranunculi experiuntur. Cum autem plurimis anurorum familiis, habitatio intra familiam magnopere variat. Etiam sunt species arboreales, et familia comprehendit nonnulla ex paucis amphibiis quae in aqua amara vivere possunt.[1]

Genera[recensere | fontem recensere]

Lithobates sylvaticus vel Rana sylvatica.[2]

Subdivisiones Ranidarum iam disputantur. Plurimae subfamiliae olim inter Ranidas digestae nunc familiae separatae (Petropedetidae, Cacosterninae, Mantellidae, Dicroglossidae) habentur, solum subfamiliá Raninarum manente. Genera sequentia in familia Ranidarum agnoscuntur:

Species incertae sedis[recensere | fontem recensere]

Aliquot taxa in Ranidis incerta sede ad tempus ponuntur.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Gordon et al. 1961.
  2. Yuan, Z.-Y. (2016). "Spatiotemporal diversification of the true frogs (genus Rana): A historical framework for a widely studied group of model organisms". Systematic Biology 65 (5): 824–42 .

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Amphibian Species of the World 5.5, an Online Reference. "Hylarana Tschudi, 1838". American Museum of Natural History.
  • Cogger, H. G., Richard G. Zweifel, et D. Kirschner. 2004. Encyclopedia of Reptiles & Amphibians. Ed. secunda. Fog City Press. ISBN 1-877019-69-0.
  • Cai, Hong-xia, Jing Che, Jun-feng, Pang, Er-mi Zhao, et Ya-ping Zhang. 2007. "Paraphyly of Chinese Amolops (Anura, Ranidae) and phylogenetic position of the rare Chinese frog, Amolops tormotus." Zootaxa 1531: 49–55. PDF.
  • Frost, Darrel R. 2006. Amphibian Species of the World Version 3. Petropedetidae Noble, 1931. Novi Eboraci: American Museum of Natural History.
  • Frost, Darrel R. et al. 2006. "The amphibian tree of life." Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297. Novi Eboraci.
  • Gordon, Malcolm S., Knut Schmidt-Nielsen, et Hamilton M. Kelly. 1961. "Osmotic Regulation in the Crab-Eating Frog (Rana cancrivora)." Journal of Exp. Biol. 38 (3): 659–78. PDF.
  • Hillis, D. M. 2007. "Constraints in naming parts of the Tree of Life." Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 42 (2): 331–38. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.08.001.
  • Hillis, D. M., et T. P. Wilcox. 2005. "Phylogeny of the New World true frogs (Rana)." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34 (2): 299–314. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.10.007. PDF.
  • Kotaki, Manabu, Atsushi Kurabayashi, Masafumi Matsui, Wichase Khonsue, Tjong Hon Djong, Manui Tandon, et Masayuki Sumida. 2008. "Genetic Divergences and Phylogenetic Relationships among the Fejervarya limnocharis Complex in Thailand and Neighboring Countries Revealed by Mitochondrial and Nuclear Genes." Zool. Sci. 25 (4): 381–90. doi:10.2108/zsj.25.381.
  • Pauly, Greg B., David M. Hillis, et David Charles Cannatella. 2009. "Taxonomic freedom and the role of official lists of species names." Herpetologica 65: 115–28.
  • Rafinesque, C. S. 2007. "Fine del prodromo d'erpetologia siciliana." Specchio delle Scienze, o, Giornale Enciclopedico di Sicilia 2: 102–104.
  • Stuart, Bryan L. 2008. "The phylogenetic problem of Huia (Amphibia: Ranidae)." Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 46 (1): 49-60. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.09.016. PDF.