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Nizami

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Nizami Ganjavi in tapeta pictus (1939). Museum Ganiense Atropatene.
Nizami Ganjavi in hospitio shah. Miniatura, 1570. Museum Historiae Atropatenicum.
Khosrow Parviz Shirin se lavantem in lacu invenit.
Khusrau in ripis canalis stant. E Khamseh Nizamiano.
Salīm cum Majnun in desertis colloquitur. E libro Indico sexto sedecimo exeunte scripto.
Exercitatio Perficit. Imago e quodam Haft Paikar Nizamiano. Museum Brooklyniense.

Nizami Gandiavi (Persice نظامی گنجوی Niẓāmī Ganjavī = 'Niẓāmī Gandiensis') (natus Gandiae in Atropatene circa 1141; ibidem mortuus anno 1209), etiam Nizami Ganje'i,[1] vel simpliciter Nizami,[2][3] cuius nomen publicum erat Jamal ad-Dīn Abū Muḥammad Ilyās ibn-Yūsuf ibn-Zakkī,[4] fuit Persicus[1][5][6][7][8] saeculi duodecimi poeta Musulmanicus sectae Sunniticae.[9]

Nizami in litteris Persicis amoris habetur poeta epicus maximus, qui quotidianum realisticumque loquendi genus ad poemata epica Persica adhibuit.[10][2] Eius opera late in Afgania,[1] Atropatene,[11] Irania,[1] regione Kurdistanica,[12][13][14] et Tadzikistania[1] leguntur magnique aestimantur.

Nizami nec philosophus[15] modo Avicennae, nec expositor Sufismi theoretici modo Ibn 'Arabi fuit; aestimatur autem philosophus et gnosticus qui varias cogitationis Islamicae provincias perdidicit, quas vicissim modo miscuit qui traditiones hakimorum posteriorum sicut Qutb al-Din Shirazi in memoriam redigit.[15]

Eius nomen personale fuit Ilyas.[1] Tris mulieres in matrimonium duxit.

Goethius de Nizamo opinabatur: "Ingenium clemens, ingeniosissimus, qui, cum Firdausi collectas traditiones heroicas confecisset, pro rebus suorum poematum dulcissimos amoris altissimi congressus elegit."[16]

Quinarium (Panj Ganj vel Khamsa)[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nezami Quinario (Panj Ganj 'Quinque Thesauris') innotuit, magnis poematum narrativorum libris, quorum omnes exstant.

  • Makhzan al-Asrar (Persice مخزن الاسرار) Thesaurus Mysteriorum (1163) (vel fortasse ex anno 1176), circa 2250 disticha Persica.
  • Khosrow o Shirin (Persice خسرو و شیرین) Khosrow et Shirin (1177–1180).
  • Layli o Majnun (Persice لیلی و مجنون) Layla et Majnun (1192).
  • Eskandar-nameh (Persice اسکندرنامه) Liber Alexandri Magni (1194 vel 1196–1202), circa 10 500 disticha.
  • Haft Paykar (Persice هفت پیکر) Septem Pulchritudines (1197) (liber etiam Bahram-Nama appellatus).

Nexus interni

Pinacotheca[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 C. A. Storey et François de Blois (2004), "Persian Literature – A Bibibliographical Survey: Volume V Poetry of the Pre-Mongol Period" (RoutledgeCurzon; ed. 2a retractata, ISBN 0-947593-47-0), 363: "Nizami Ganja’i, whose personal name was Ilyas, is the most celebrated native poet of the Persians after Firdausi. His nisbah designates him as a native of Ganja (Elizavetpol, Kirovabad) in Azerbaijan, then still a country with an Iranian population, and he spent the whole of his life in Transcaucasia; the verse in some of his poetic works which makes him a native of the hinterland of Qom is a spurious interpolation." begun by C. A. Storey, Francois De Blois. Persian Literature - A Bibibliographical Survey: Poetry c. A.D. 1100–1225 (volume V, part 2). Royal Asiatic Society Books. p. 438 .
  2. 2.0 2.1 Meisami, Julie Scott (1995). [(Textus apud Google Books) The Haft Paykar: A Medieval Persian Romance]. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press 
  3. Et Nezāmi.
  4. Mo'in, Muhammad(2006), "Tahlil-i Haft Paykar-i Nezami" (Tehran), 2: Some commentators have mentioned his name as “Ilyas the son of Yusuf the son of Zakki the son of Mua’yyad” while others have mentioned that Mu’ayyad is a title for Zakki. Mohammad Moin, rejects the first interpretation claiming that if it were to mean 'Zakki son of Muayyad' it should have been read as 'Zakki i Muayyad' where izafe (-i-) shows the son-parent relationship but here it is 'Zakki Muayyad' and Zakki ends in silence/stop and there is no izafe (-i-). Some may argue that izafe is dropped due to meter constraints but dropping parenthood izafe is very strange and rare. So it is possible that Muayyad was a sobriquet for Zaki or part of his name (like Muayyad al-Din Zaki). This is supported by the fact that later biographers also state Yusuf was the son of Mu’ayyad.
  5. Bernard Lewis, “Music of a distant drum” (Princeton University Press, 2001), 9: "The Persians went a step further, creating authentic epic tradition comparable with those of Greece, Rome and the Vikings. This too, became in time, a form of Persian national self definition. The most famous of Persian epic poets, Firdawsi (940–1020) has been translated several times. An extract from the story of Farhad and Shirin, as told by the 12th century Persian poet Nizami, exmpelified another form of narrative."
  6. Julie Scott Meisami, Paul Starkey, Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature (Taylor & Francis, 1998), 69: "In Arabic literature there has been no artistic elaboration of the story comparable to that undertaken by the Persian poet Nizami."
  7. "Bacher, Wilhelm, Encyclopaedia Iranica". Iranicaonline.org .
  8. "Ganca (Azerbaijan), Encyclopædia Britannica". Britannica.com .
  9. E. E. Bertels (1962), Selected Works, Nizami and Fizuli, "the fact that unlike the Shia Iranians, "Nizami was righteous Sunni"", Oriental Literature .
  10. Neẓāmī. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009  Pars: "Greatest romantic epic poet in Persian Literature, who brought a colloquial and realistic style to the Persian epic. . . . Nezami is admired in Persian-speaking lands for his originality and clarity of style, though his love of language for its own sake and of philosophical and scientific learning makes his work difficult for the average reader."
  11. Rypka 1968.
  12. Vladimir Minorsky. [(Textus apud Google Books) Studies in Caucasian History] .
  13. Thomas de Waal. [(Textus apud Google Books) The Caucasus: An Introduction] .
  14. "Nizami Ganjavi - USSR Politicization - Iranian Persian Civilization - Nezami Ganjei". Azargoshnasp.net .
  15. 15.0 15.1 Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Mehdi Amin Razavi, "The Islamic intellectual tradition in Persia", RoutledgeCurzon; annotated edition (July 4, 1996), pp. 178–187.
  16. Anglice: "A gentle, highly gifted spirit, who, when Firdausi had completed the collected heroic traditions, chose for the material of his poems the sweetest encounters of the deepest love.
  17. Bowker, World Religions, 165.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Browne, E. G. 1998. Literary History of Persia. 4 vol. ISBN 0-7007-0406-X.
  • Burgel, Johan Christoph, et Christine van Ruyuymbeke. 2011. "Nizami: A Key to the Treasure of the Hakim." Amstelodami: Amsterdam University Press. Google Books z5YccgAACAAJ.
  • Chelkowski, Peter J. 1975. "Mirror of the Invisible World." Novi Eboraci: Metropolitan Museum of Art. Google Books WnTlAAAAMAAJ.
  • Chopra, R. M. 2014. Nizami Ganjavi (1141–1209): The Greatest Master of Persian Romantic Mesnavi. Colcatae: Sparrow Publication. ISBN 978-81-89140-75-5.
  • Ganjavi, N. 1995. Haft Paykar: A Medieval Persian Romance. Conv. J. S. Meisami. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press.
  • Meisami, Julie Scott. 1995. The Haft Paykar: A Medieval Persian Romance. Novi Eboraci et Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. Google Books: 8vxjAAAAMAAJ.
  • Parrello, Domenico. Khamsa. Encyclopædia Iranica.
  • Ruymbeke, Christine van. 2008. Science and Poetry in Medieval Persia: The Botany of Nizami's Khamsa. University of Cambridge Press. Catalogus.
  • Ruymbeke, Christine van. 2002. From culinary recipe to pharmacological secret for a successful wedding night: the scientific background of two images related to fruit in the Xamse of Nezâmi Ganjavi. Festschrift in honour of Professor J. T. P. de Bruijn. Persica, Annual of the Dutch-Iranian Society (Leiden), 127–136.
  • Rypka, Jan. 1968. History of Iranian Literature. Reidel Publishing Company. OCLC 460598. ISBN 90-277-0143-1.
  • Storey, C. A., et Franço de Blois. 2004. Persian Literature: A Biobibliographical Survey. Poetry of the Pre-Mongol Period, 5. Ed. 2a, retractata. RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 0-947593-47-0.
  • Talattof, K., et J. W. Clinton. 2001. The Poetry of Nizami Ganjavi: Knowledge, Love, and Rhetoric. Novi Eboraci.
  • Talattof, Kamran. Nizami's Unlikely Heroines: A Study of the Characterizations of Women in Classical Persian Literature.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nizami in manat Atropatenico pictus (1993).
Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Nizami spectant.
De scaena Nezamiana