Monacha (cochlea)

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Monacha
Duae Monachae cartusianae in manu humana
Taxinomia
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Classis: Gastropoda
(inordinata): cladus Heterobranchia
cladus Euthyneura
cladus Panpulmonata
cladus Eupulmonata
cladus Stylommatophora
grex informalis Sigmurethra
Superfamilia: Helicoidea
Familia: Hygromiidae
Subfamilia: Monachainae
Genus: Monacha
Fitzinger, 1833[1]
Species typica
Monacha cartusiana
(Müller, 1774)
[[|Diversity]]
80 species

Monacha est genus parvorum et mediorum molluscorum terrestrium pulmonatorum familiae Hygromiidarum classis Gastropodorum, cochlearum pilosarum et earum sociorum.

Distributio[recensere | fontem recensere]

Distributio generis Monachae Europam Occidentalem et Mediam, regionem Mediterraneam, Asiam Minorem et Turciam comprehendit (plus quam quinquaginta species),[2] Georgia, Russia, Arabia, Irania, Atropatene (1 species).[3] In Armenia deest.[3] Maxima specierum diversitas in regione Pontica fit.[3]

Species[recensere | fontem recensere]

Species generis sunt:[3]

Subgenus Monacha

Subgenus Paratheba

Subgenus Metatheba

Subgenus incertum

Species Ashfordiana granulata (Alder, 1830) etiam in genere Monacha saepe ponitur.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. L. I. Fitzinger (1833), "Systematisches Verzeichniß der im Erzherzogthume Oesterreich vorkommenden Weichthiere, als Prodrom einer Fauna derselben," Beiträge zur Landeskunde Oesterreich's unter der Enns 3:88–122.
  2. B. Hausdorf (2000), "The genus Monacha in Turkey (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Hygromiidae)," Arch. Molluskenk. 128:61–151.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 B. Hausdorf (2000), "The genus Monacha in the Western Caucasus (Gastropoda: Hygromiidae)," Journal of Natural History 34(8):1575–1594. PDF. doi:10.1080/00222930050117495.
  4. B. Hausdorf et B. Páll-Gergely (2009), "Monacha oecali new species from southern Turkey (Gastropoda:Hygromiidae)," Journal of Conchology 40(1):15–18. abstractum.
  5. B. Páll-Gergely (2010), "New and little known land snails from Turkey (Gastropoda: Pulmonata)," Zoology in the Middle East 50:89–94. abstractum.