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Michael Gorbačëv

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Wikidata Michael Gorbačëv
Res apud Vicidata repertae:
Michael Gorbačëv: imago
Michael Gorbačëv: subscriptio
Nativitas: 2 Martii 1931; Privolnoye
Obitus: 30 Augusti 2022; Central Clinical Hospital
Patria: Russia, Unio Sovietica

Officium

Officium: General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, President of the Soviet Union, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR
Munus: politicus, iuris peritus, environmentalist
Patronus: Unio iuventutis coenonistica, The Gorbachev Foundation

Consociatio

Factio: Factio Communistica Unionis Sovieticae, Russian United Social Democratic Party, Social Democratic Party of Russia, Union of Social Democrats
Religio: atheismus

Familia

Coniunx: Raisa Gorbacheva
Proles: Irina Virganskaya

Memoria

Laurae: Praemium Nobelianum Pacis Componendae, Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres‎, honorary citizen of Berlin, Order of Honour, Order of the October Revolution, Collar of the Order of the White Lion, Ordo ''Signum honoris'', Indira Gandhi Peace Prize, Princess of Asturias Award for International Cooperation, Philadelphia Liberty Medal, Free Your Mind, North–South Prize, Alexander Men Prize, Ronald Reagan Freedom Award, Delta Prize for Global Understanding, Champions of the Earth, Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Medal "For Labour Valour", Medal "For Strengthening of Brotherhood in Arms", Harvey Prize, Otto Hahn Peace Medal, Medal "In Commemoration of the 1500th Anniversary of Kyiv", Golden Plate Award, Global Economy Prize, Grawemeyer Award, Order of St. Andrew the Apostle the First-Called, Jubilee Medal "Forty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945", Order of Christopher Columbus, Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for Children, honorary doctor of the University of Madrid Complutense, Honorary citizen of Košice, Order of Saint Agatha, Honorary doctor of the University of Liège, honorary doctor of the University of Münster, honorary doctor of the University of Tromsø, Point Alpha Prize, Environment Prize, Franz Josef Strauss Award, Grand cross of the Order of the White Lion, Grand Cross of the Order of Liberty, Order of Lenin, Order of Lenin, Order of Lenin, Osgar, Osgar
Sepultura: Sepulcretum Novodevicense

Michael Sergii filius Gorbačev (Russice Михаи́л Серге́евич Горбачёв, Michail Sergeevič Gorbačёv; natus die 2 Martii 1931; mortuus Moscuae die 30 Augusti 2022) fuit politicus Sovieticus et Russicus. A die 1 Octobris 1988 primus et ultimus Unionis Rerum Publicarum Sovieticarum Socialisticarum praeses fuit, quod munus a die 15 Martii 1990 ad diem 25 Decembris 1991 sustinuit.

Michaël Gorbačёv anno 1987 pictus.
Gorbačev (dextra parte) et Ronaldus Reagan colloquuntur.

E familia agricolarum, patre Russo matreque Ucraina, in pago Privol'noe, nunc territorii Stauropolitani, ortus est. Alumnus fuit universitatis publicae Moscuensis. Factus est ultimus Comitatus Centralis Factionis Communistae secretarius generalis, quod munus ab anno 1985 ad annum 1991 sustinuit. Glasnost et perestroika eius consilia finem Bello Frigido posuisse putantur. Ipse Unionem Sovieticam mutandam esse in iuris rem publicam putabat. Ob eam rem affirmabat omnes structuras Stalinistas delendas et diffundendam verbi libertatem esse voluntate Rei Publicae. Etiam amovere gradatim normas imperiosas in oeconomia coepit. Anno 1990 Gorbačёv Praemium Nobelianum Pacis accepit.

Die 19 Augusti 1991 factionis communistae pars novas res temptavit, quae erraverunt, relinquentes tamen imperium in Rerum Publicarum Sovieticarum Praesidium manibus, qui Unionem Sovieticam die 26 Decembris 1991 solverunt.

Raisa Gorbačeva uxor die 20 Septembris 1999 mortua est.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Michaelem Sergii filium Gorbačev spectant.
Wikidata-logo.svg Lexica biographica:  Treccani • Большая российская энциклопедия • Encyclopædia Britannica • Deutsche Biographie • Store norske leksikon