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Macroscelididae

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Macroscelididae[1]
Aetas fossilium: Lutetiano–Recens
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[2][3]
Rhynchocyon petersi
Taxinomia
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Classis: Mammalia
Infraclassis: Eutheria
(inordinatus): Afroinsectiphilia
Superordo: Afrotheria
Ordo: Macroscelidea
Butler, 1956
Familia: Macroscelididae
Bonaparte, 1838
Genera

Elephantulus
Macroscelides
Petrodromus
Petrosaltator
Rhynchocyon

Macroscelididae sunt parva mammalia insectivora quae in Africa endemica sunt, ad ordinem Macroscelideorum pertinentia. Quia eorum nasi producti proboscidibus elephantidarum similes, atque eorum corpus corpori mammalium familiae Soricidarum similia videri possunt, appellantur in variis linguis soricidae elephantinae.

Latissime distribuuntur trans meridianam Africae regionem, et, quamquam frequentia nusquam, inveni possunt in paene omni habitationis genere, a Desertis Namibianis ad terram saxosam in Africa Australi et ad silvas densas. Una species, Petrosaltator rozeti, in desertis montanis et semiaridis in septentrio et occidentali continentis regione manet.

Hoc est unum e celerrimis mammalibus parvis, quod usque ad 28.8 chiliometra per horam currere potest.[4] Macroscelididae plerumque insectis, araneis, chilopodis, diplopodis, megadrilaceisque vescuntur. Naso ad praedam reperiendam, linguaque ad parvum cibum in os excutiendum utuntur, vermilinguis simillimae.

Classificatio[recensere | fontem recensere]

Etching of an elephant shrew with a small proboscis.
Etching unius macroscelididae cui parva proboscis est.

Undeviginti species macroscelididarum in quinque genera digeruntur, quorum duo sunt monotypica:

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Formula:MSW3 Macroscelidea
  2. Martin Pickford; Brigitte Senut; Helke Mocke; Cécile Mourer-Chauviré; Jean-Claude Rage; Pierre Mein (2014). "Eocene aridity in southwestern Africa: timing of onset and biological consequences". Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 69 (3): 139–44 .
  3. Martin Pickford (2015). "Chrysochloridae (Mammalia) from the Lutetian (Middle Eocene) of Black Crow, Namibia". Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia 16: 105–13 .
  4. Nature (BBC).
  5. H. Smit|, T. J. Robinson, J. Watson, et B. Jansen Van Vuuren, "A new species of elephant-shrew (Afrotheria:Macroselidea: Elephantulus) from South Africa," Journal of Mammalogy 89(5): 1257–69 (October 2008). doi:10.1644/07-MAMM-A-254.1.
  6. Rovero et Rathbun 2006.
  7. "AFP: Shrew's who: New mammal enters the book of life". Google. January 2008 .

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Coldiron, Ronn W. 1977. On the jaw musculature and relationships of Petrodromus tetradactylus (Mammalia, Macroscelidea). Novi Eboraci: American Museum of Natural History.
  • Lawson, L. P., C. Vernesi, S. Ricci, et F. Rovero. 2013. Evolutionary History of the Grey-Faced Sengi, Rhynchocyon udzungwensis, from Tanzania: A Molecular and Species Distribution Modelling Approach. PLoS ONE 8(8): e72506. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072506.
  • Murata Y., M. Nikaido, T. Sasaki, Y. Cao, Y. Fukumoto, M. Hasegawa, et N. Okada. 2003. Afrotherian phylogeny as inferred from complete mitochondrial genomes. Molecular Phylogenetic Evolution 28(2): 253–60.
  • Murphy, W. J., E. Eizirik, W. E. Johnson, Y. P. Zhang, O. A. Ryder, et S. J. O'Brien. 2001. Molecular phylogenetics and the origins of placental mammals. Nature 409(6820): 614–18.
  • Patterson, Bryan. 1965. The fossil elephant shrews (family Macroscelididae). Harvard University. Museum of Comparative Zoology Bulletin 133( 6). Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Printed for the Museum.
  • Rovero, Francesco, et Galen Rathbun. 2006. A Potentially New Giant Sengi (Elephant-Shrew) from the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania. Journal of East African Natural History 95(2): 111–115. PDF.
  • Tabuce, R., L. Marivaux, M. Adaci, M. Bensalah, J. L. Hartenberger, M. Mahboubi, F. Mebrouk, P. Tafforeau, et J. J. Jaeger. 2007. Early Tertiary mammals from North Africa reinforce the molecular Afrotheria clade. Proceedings of Biological Science 274(1614): 1159–66.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]