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Macroscelididae

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Rhynchocyon petersi from side.jpg

Classis : Mammalia 
Infraclassis : Eutheria 
Superordo : Afrotheria 
Afroinsectiphilia 
Ordo : Macroscelidea 
Butler, 1956
Familia : Macroscelididae 
Bonaparte, 1838
   
Palaeontologia
48–0 m.a.Lutetio > Recens[1][2]

Macroscelididae sunt parva mammalia insectivora quae in Africa endemica sunt, ad ordinem Macroscelideorum pertinentia. Quia eorum nasi producti proboscidibus elephantidarum similes, atque eorum corpus corpori mammalium familiae Soricidarum similia videri possunt, appellantur in variis linguis soricidae elephantinae.

Latissime distribuuntur trans meridianam Africae regionem, et, quamquam frequentia nusquam, inveni possunt in paene omni habitationis genere, a Desertis Namibianis ad terram saxosam in Africa Australi et ad silvas densas. Una species, Petrosaltator rozeti, in desertis montanis et semiaridis in septentrio et occidentali continentis regione manet.

Hoc est unum e celerrimis mammalibus parvis, quod usque ad 28.8 chiliometra per horam currere potest.[3] Macroscelididae plerumque insectis, araneis, chilopodis, diplopodis, megadrilaceisque vescuntur. Naso ad praedam reperiendam, linguaque ad parvum cibum in os excutiendum utuntur, vermilinguis simillimae.

Phylogenia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Afrotheria
Afroinsectiphilia
Tubulidentata

OrycteropodidaeAardvark2 (PSF) colourised.png


Afroinsectivora
 Macroscelidea 

MacroscelididaeRhynchocyon chrysopygus-J Smit white background.jpg


Afrosoricida

ChrysochloridaeThe animal kingdom, arranged according to its organization, serving as a foundation for the natural history of animals (Pl. 18) (Chrysochloris asiatica).jpg


Tenrecomorpha

PotamogalidaeTransactions of the Zoological Society of London (Pl. 1) (7408441066).jpg



TenrecidaeBrehms Thierleben - Allgemeine Kunde des Thierreichs (1876) (Tenrec ecaudatus).jpg






Paenungulata
Hyracoidea

ProcaviidaeDendrohyraxEminiSmit white background.jpg


Tethytheria
Proboscidea

ElephantidaeElephant white background.png


Sirenia

DugongidaeDugong dugon Hardwicke white background.jpg



TrichechidaeManatee white background.jpg






Cladogramma Afrotheriorum in indiciis molecularibus conditum[4]
Cladogramma Macroscelididarum quae nunc in vita sunt[5][6]
 Macroscelididae 
Rhynchocyoninae
Rhynchocyon 

R. chrysopygus





R. cirnei



R. stuhlmanni





R. petersi



R. udzungwensis






Macroscelidinae

 Macroscelidini 


Galegeeska revoilii




Petrosaltator rozeti



Petrodromus tetradactylus




 Macroscelides 


M. flavicaudatus



M. proboscideus




M. micus




 Elephantulus 



E. brachyrhynchus



E. rufescens





E. intufi



E. rupestris







E. edwardii



E. pilicaudus




E. myurus







Classificatio[recensere | fontem recensere]

Etching of an elephant shrew with a small proboscis.
Etching unius macroscelididae cui parva proboscis est.

Undeviginti species macroscelididarum in quinque genera digeruntur, quorum duo sunt monotypica:

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Martin Pickford; Brigitte Senut; Helke Mocke; Cécile Mourer-Chauviré; Jean-Claude Rage; Pierre Mein (2014). "Eocene aridity in southwestern Africa: timing of onset and biological consequences". Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 69 (3): 139–44 .
  2. Martin Pickford (2015). "Chrysochloridae (Mammalia) from the Lutetian (Middle Eocene) of Black Crow, Namibia". Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia 16: 105–13 .
  3. Nature (BBC).
  4. Lapsus in citando: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Tabuce2008
  5. Upham, Nathan S.; Esselstyn, Jacob A.; Jetz, Walter (2019). "Inferring the mammal tree: Species-level sets of phylogenies for questions in ecology, evolution and conservation". PLOS Biol 17 (12): e3000494 
  6. Lapsus in citando: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Heritage2020
  7. Lapsus in citando: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named msw3
  8. H. Smit|, T. J. Robinson, J. Watson, et B. Jansen Van Vuuren, "A new species of elephant-shrew (Afrotheria:Macroselidea: Elephantulus) from South Africa," Journal of Mammalogy 89(5): 1257–69 (October 2008). doi:10.1644/07-MAMM-A-254.1.
  9. Rovero et Rathbun 2006.
  10. "AFP: Shrew's who: New mammal enters the book of life". Google. January 2008 .

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Coldiron, Ronn W. 1977. On the jaw musculature and relationships of Petrodromus tetradactylus (Mammalia, Macroscelidea). Novi Eboraci: American Museum of Natural History.
  • Lawson, L. P., C. Vernesi, S. Ricci, et F. Rovero. 2013. Evolutionary History of the Grey-Faced Sengi, Rhynchocyon udzungwensis, from Tanzania: A Molecular and Species Distribution Modelling Approach. PLoS ONE 8(8): e72506. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072506.
  • Murata Y., M. Nikaido, T. Sasaki, Y. Cao, Y. Fukumoto, M. Hasegawa, et N. Okada. 2003. Afrotherian phylogeny as inferred from complete mitochondrial genomes. Molecular Phylogenetic Evolution 28(2): 253–60.
  • Murphy, W. J., E. Eizirik, W. E. Johnson, Y. P. Zhang, O. A. Ryder, et S. J. O'Brien. 2001. Molecular phylogenetics and the origins of placental mammals. Nature 409(6820): 614–18.
  • Patterson, Bryan. 1965. The fossil elephant shrews (family Macroscelididae). Harvard University. Museum of Comparative Zoology Bulletin 133( 6). Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Printed for the Museum.
  • Rovero, Francesco, et Galen Rathbun. 2006. A Potentially New Giant Sengi (Elephant-Shrew) from the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania. Journal of East African Natural History 95(2): 111–15. PDF.
  • Tabuce, R., L. Marivaux, M. Adaci, M. Bensalah, J. L. Hartenberger, M. Mahboubi, F. Mebrouk, P. Tafforeau, et J. J. Jaeger. 2007. Early Tertiary mammals from North Africa reinforce the molecular Afrotheria clade. Proceedings of Biological Science 274(1614): 1159–66.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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