Exstinctio linguarum

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Truganini, una ex ultimis loquentibus ullius linguae vernaculae Tasmaniae.
Dolly Pentreath, ultima loquens indigena linguae Cornubicae. Imago caelata, anno 1781 divulgata.
Mutatio linguarum exitus linguicidii esse potest, cum sodales gregis ethnici eorum linguam hereditate exceptam pro eorum prima lingua non diutius discunt. Tabula Anglice signata.

Exstinctio linguarum, etiam exstinctio linguistica et mors linguarum, atque adeo linguicidium,[1][2] in linguistica fit cum lingua suum ultimum loquentem vernaculum amittat. Quae est ratio civitates orationis afficiens, ubi gradus facultatis linguisticae quem loquentes possident certae varietatis linguae imminuitur, ad ultimum nullos indigenas vel fluentes varietatis loquentes efficiens. Mors ullam proprietatem vel genus linguae afficere potest, dialectis et linguis non exclusis. Mors linguae non confundenda est cum attritione linguarum (etiam amissio linguarum appellata), quae damnum peritiae in lingua gradu singularis describit.[3]

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Zuckermann 2012.
  2. Calvet 1974.
  3. Crystal 2000.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

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  • Brenzinger, Matthias, ed. 1998. Endangered languages in Africa. Coloniae: Rüdiger Köper Verlag.
  • Broderick, George. 1999. Language Death in the Isle of Man. Tubingae: Niemeyer. ISBN 3484303956.
  • Calvet, Jean-Louis. 1974. Langue et colonialisme: petit traité de glottophagie. Lutetiae.
  • Calvet, Louis-Jean. 1998. Language wars and linguistic politics. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press.
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  • Campbell, Lyle, et M. Muntzel. 1989. The structural consequences of language death. In Investigating obsolescence: Studies in language contraction and death, ed. Nancy C. Dorian. Studies in the social and cultural foundations of language, 7. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 052132405X.
  • Cantoni-Harvey, Gina, ed. 1997. Stabilizing indigenous languages. Flagstaff Arizonae: Northern Arizona University, Center for Excellence in Education.
  • Crystal, David. 2000. Language death. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521653215.
  • Crystal, David. 2004. Language revolution. Cantabrigiae: Polity Press.
  • Cyr, Christine. 2008. How Do You Learn a Dead Language? Slate.
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  • Dixon, R. M. W. 1997. The rise and fall of languages. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press.
  • Dorian, Nancy C. 1973. Grammatical change in a dying dialect. Language 49:413-438.
  • Dorian, Nancy C. 1978. Fate of morphological complexity in language death: Evidence from East Sutherland Gaelic. Language 54(3):590-609.
  • Dorian, Nancy C. 1981. Language death: The life cycle of a Scottish Gaelic dialect. Philadelphiae: University of Pennsylvania Press.
  • Dorian, Nancy C., ed. 1989. Investigating obsolescence: Studies in language contraction and death. Studies in the social and cultural foundations of language, 7). Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 052132405X.
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  • Hagège, Claude. 2000. Halte à la mort des langues. Lutetiae: Editions Odille Jacob.
  • Hale, Ken, Michael Krauss, Lucille J. Watahomigie, Akira Y. Yamamoto, Collette Craig, LaVerne M. Jeanne, et al. 1992. Endangered languages. Language 68(1):1-42.
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  • Harrison, K. David. 2007. When Languages Die: The Extinction of the World's Languages and the Erosion of Human Knowledge. Novi Eboraci et Londinii: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195181921.
  • Hazaël-Massieux, Marie-Christine. 1999. Les créoles: L'indispensable survie. Lutetiae: Editions Entente.
  • Hill, Jane. 1983. Language death in Uto-Aztecan. International Journal of American Linguistics 49:258-227.
  • Janse, Mark, et Sijmen Tol, ed. 2003. Language death and language maintenance: Theoretical, practical and descriptive approaches. Amstelodami: John Benjamins Pub. ISBN 9027247528; ISBN 1588113825.
  • Joseph, Brian D., ed. 2003. When languages collide: Perspectives on language conflict, language competition, and language coexistence. Columbi: Ohio State University.
  • Maffi, Lusia, ed. 2001. On biocultural diversity: Linking language, knowledge, and the environment. Vasingtoniae: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Maurais, Jacques, et Michael A. Morris, eds. 2003. Languages in a globalizing world. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press.
  • Mohan, Peggy, et Paul Zador. 1986. Discontinuity in a life cycle: The death of Trinidad Bhojpuri. Language 62(2):291-319.
  • Mufwene, Salikoko S. 2001. The ecology of language evolution. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press.
  • Mühlhäusler, Peter. 1996. Linguistic ecology: Language change and linguistic imperialism in the Pacific region. Londinii: Routledge.
  • Nettle, Daniel, et Suzanne Romaine. 2000. Vanishing voices: The extinction of the world's languages. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195136241.
  • Phillipson, Robert. 2003. English only?: Challenging language policy. Londinii: Routledge.
  • Reyhner, Jon, ed. 1999. Revitalizing indigenous languages. Flagstaff Arizonae: Northern Arizona University, Center for Excellence in Education. ISBN 0967055407.
  • Robins, R. H., et E. M. Uhlenbeck. 1991. Endangered languages. Oxoniae: Berg.
  • Sasse, Hans-Jürgen. 1990. Theory of language death, and, language decay and contact-induced change: Similarities and differences. Arbeitspapier, 12. Coloniae: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, Universität zu Köln.
  • Sasse, Hans-Jürgen. 1992. Theory of language death. In Language death: Factual and theoretical explorations with special reference to East Africa, ed. Matthias Brenzinger, 7–30. Berolini et Novi Eboraci: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Schilling-Estes, Natalie, et Walt Wolfram. 1999. Alternative models of dialect death: Dissipation vs. concentration. Language 75(3):486-521.
  • Skutnab-Kangas, Tove. 2000. Linguistic genocide in education—or world-wide diversity and human rights? Mahwah Novae Caesareae: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Slater, Julia. 2010. Time Takes Its Toll on Old Swiss Language. SwissInfo.ch.
  • de Swaan, Abram. 2001. Words of the world: The global language system. Cantabrigiae: Polity Press.
  • Thomason, Sarah G. 2001. Language Contact: An Introduction. Vasingtoniae: Georgetown University Press.
  • Zuckermann, Ghil'ad. 2012. Stop, Revive and Survive. The Australian Higher Education, 6 Iunii.
  • Zuckermann, Ghil'ad, et Michael Walsh. 2011. Stop, Revive, Survive: Lessons from the Hebrew Revival Applicable to the Reclamation, Maintenance and Empowerment of Aboriginal Languages and Cultures. Australian Journal of Linguistics 31(1):111–127.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]