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Limnologia

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Limnologia (Graece λίμνη 'lacus' + λόγος 'studium') est investigatio mediterraneorum oecosystematum aquaticorum,[1] quae biologicas, chemicas, physicas, geologicasque aquarum mediterranearum proprietates et rationes (aquarum fluentium et stantium, dulcium et salsarum, naturalium et ab hominibus factarum) tractat, plerumque studia lacuum, receptaculorum, stagnorum, fluminum, fontium, rivorum, locorum uliginosorum, atque adeo aquarum subterranearum faciens.[2] Limnologia terrestris, recentior limnologiae subdisciplina, haec oecosystemata investigat, administrat, et conservare ex animo holistico conatur, per coniunctiones inter oecosystemata et eorum pelves exsiccationis plane inspiciendas. Limnologia globalis, alia limnologiae subdisciplina, quae mediterraneas aquas globales sub tutela scientiae systematis telluris investigat, nuperrime creata est.[3] Quae subdisciplina rationes naturales in aquis mediterraneis maius investigat, sicut partes quas mediterranea oecosystemata aquatica in biogeochemicis telluris circulis agunt.[4][5][6][7][8]

Limnologia cum oecologia aquatica et hydrobiologia arte coniungitur, disciplinis quae organismos aquaticos eorumque interactiones cum circumiectis abioticis tractant. Limnologia magnopere cum disciplinis aquae dulcis (exempli gratia biologia aquae dulcis) congruit, sed etiam mediterraneos lacus salsos investigat.

Notio limnologiae a Francisco Alphonso Forel (1841–1912) proposita est, qui hanc disciplinam per eius studia Lacus Lemanni constitutus est.

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Kumar 2005.
  2. Welzel 2001.
  3. Downing 2009.
  4. Cole et al. 2007.
  5. Tranvik et al. 2009
  6. Raymond et al. 2013.
  7. Engel et al. 2018.
  8. O'Reilly et al. 2015.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Cole, J. J., Y. T. Prairie, N. F. Caraco, W. H. McDowell, L. J. Tranvik, R. G. Striegl, C. M. Duarte, P. Kortelainen, J. A. Downing, J. J. Middelburg, et J. Melack. 2007. "Plumbing the Global Carbon Cycle: Integrating Inland Waters into the Terrestrial Carbon Budget." Ecosystems 10, no. 1 (23 Maii): 172–85. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.177.3527. doi:10.1007/s10021-006-9013-8. S2CID 1728636.
  • Downing, John A.. 2009. "Global limnology: up-scaling aquatic services and processes to planet Earth." SIL Proceedings, 1922-2010 30 (8): 1149–66. doi:10.1080/03680770.2009.11923903. s2cid=131488888.
  • Engel, Fabian, Kaitlin J. Farrell, Ian M. McCullough, Facundo Scordo, Blaize A. Denfeld, Hilary A. Dugan, Elvira de Eyto, Paul C. Hanson, Ryan P. McClure, Peeter Nõges, Tiina Nõges, Elizabeth Ryder, Kathleen C. Weathers, et Gesa A. Weyhenmeyer. 2018. "A lake classification concept for a more accurate global estimate of the dissolved inorganic carbon export from terrestrial ecosystems to inland waters." The Science of Nature 105, no. 3 (28 Martii): 25. Bibcode:2018SciNa.105...25E. doi:10.1007/s00114-018-1547-z. PMC 5869952. PMID 29582138. Editio interretialis.
  • Kumar, Arvind. 2005. Fundamentals of Limnology. APH Publishing. ISBN 9788176489195. https://books.google.com/books?id=JIw76nEh0aoC&q=limnology+definition&pg=PR11 Google Books.]
  • O'Reilly, Catherine M. Sapna Sharma, Derek K. Gray, Stephanie E. Hampton, Jordan S. Read, Rex J. Rowley, Philipp Schneider, John D. Lenters, Peter B. McIntyre, Benjamin M. Kraemer, Gesa A. Weyhenmeyer, Dietmar Straile, Bo Dong, Rita Adrian, Mathew G. Allan, Orlane Anneville, Lauri Arvola, Jay Austin, John L. Bailey, Jill S. Baron, Justin D. Brookes, Elvira de Eyto, Martin T. Dokulil, David P. Hamilton, Karl Havens, Amy L. Hetherington, Scott N. Higgins, Simon Hook, Lyubov R. Izmest'eva, Klaus D. Joehnk, Kulli Kangur, Peter Kasprzak, Michio Kumagai, Esko Kuusisto, George Leshkevich, David M. Livingstone, Sally MacIntyre, Linda May, John M. Melack, Doerthe C. Mueller-Navarra, Mikhail Naumenko, Peeter Noges, Tiina Noges, Ryan P. North, Pierre-Denis Plisnier, Anna Rigosi, Alon Rimmer, Michela Rogora, Lars G. Rudstam, James A. Rusak, Nico Salmaso, Nihar R. Samal, Daniel E. Schindler, S. Geoffrey Schladow, Martin Schmid, Silke R. Schmidt, Eugene Silow, M. Evren Soylu, Katrin Teubner, Piet Verburg, Ari Voutilainen, Andrew Watkinson, Craig E. Williamson, et Guoqing Zhang. 2015. "Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe." Geophysical Research Letters 42 (24): 10,773–781. Bibcode:2015GeoRL..4210773O. doi:10.1002/2015gl066235. Editio interretialis.
  • Raymond, Peter A., Jens Hartmann, Ronny Lauerwald, Sebastian Sobek, Cory McDonald, Mark Hoover, David Butman, Robert Striegl, Emilio Mayorga, Christoph Humborg, Pirkko Kortelainen, Hans Dürr, Michel Meybeck, Philippe Ciais, et Peter Guth. 2013. "Global carbon dioxide emissions from inland waters." Nature 503, no. 7476 (21 Novembris): 355–59. Bibcode:2013Natur.503..355R. doi:10.1038/nature12760. PMID 24256802. S2CID 4460910. Editio interretialis.
  • Tranvik, Lars J., John A. Downing, James B. Cotner, Steven A. Loiselle, Robert G. Striegl, Thomas J. Ballatore, Peter Dillon, Kerri Finlay, Kenneth Fortino, Lesley B. Knoll, Pirkko L. Kortelainen, Tiit Kutser, Soren Larsen, Isabelle Laurion, Dina M. Leech, S. Leigh McCallister, Diane M. McKnight, John M. M]lack, Erin Overholt, Jason A. Porter, Yves Prairie, William H. Renwick, Fabio Roland, Bradford S. Sherman, David W. Schindler, Sebastian Sobek, Alain Tremblay, Michael J. Vanni, Antonie M. Verschoor, Eddie von Wachenfeldt, et Gesa A, Weyhenmeyer. 2009. "Lakes and reservoirs as regulators of carbon cycling and climate." Limnology and Oceanography 54, no. (6 pars 2 (November): 2298–2314. Bibcode:2009LimOc..54.2298T. doi:10.4319/lo.2009.54.6_part_2.2298. hdl:10852/11601. Editio interretialis.
  • Wetzel, R. G. 2001. Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems. Ed. tertia. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-744760-1.

Bibliographia addita[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Cole, Gerald A. 1994. Textbook of Limnology. Ed. quarta. Waveland Press. ISBN 0-88133-800-1.
  • Dodson, Stanley. 2005. Introduction to Limnology. ISBN 0-07-287935-1.
  • Horne, A. J., et C. R. Goldman. 1994. Limnology. ISBN 0-07-023673-9.
  • Hutchinson, G. E. [[1957--1975. A Treatise on Limnology. 3 voll.
  • Hynes, H. B. N. 1970. The Ecology of Running Waters.
  • Kalff, Jacob. 2001. Limnology. Prentice Hall.
  • Moss, B. 1998. Ecology of Fresh Waters. Oxoniae: Blackwell.
  • O'Sullivan, Patrick E., et Colin S. Reynolds. The Lakes Handbook: Limnology and limnetic ecology. ISBN 0-632-04797-6.
  • Wetzel, Robert G., et Gene E. Likens. 2000. Limnological Analyses. Ed. tertia. Springer-Verlag.