Index radicum Indoeuropaearum

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Hic est index radicum communissimarum Protoindoeuropaearum. Plerumque datur lingua quae optimum exemplum cuiusque rami linguae Indoeuropaeae. Omnia verba scribuntur in forma declinationis communissimae.

Breves litterae adhibitae in reliquo documento[recensere | fontem recensere]

Pronomina[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • eg- (ego) L ego, E I, OE Ic, R ja, G ego
  • me- (me) L me, E me, Ir mé, R menq
  • wei- (nos nom) E we, D wir, G emeis
  • nes- ( nos acc) L nos, D uns, E us
  • tu- (tu) A du, Al ti, B tu, D du, E thou, G su, H tuk, Ir tú, K tuwe, L tu, R ty, S tvam
  • te- (te) L te, E thee
  • iuh- (vos) E ye, you
  • wos- (vos) L vos
  • kwo- (quis) A ov/inch', Al kush, B kas, E who, G tis, H kuish, Ir cía, K kuse, L quis, R kto, S ka-
  • medhyo (medium): С medi-os, L medi-um, E middle, R mejdu, D Mitte, S Madhyah

Numeri[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • 1- oino- Al një, B vienas, E one, G oios, Ir aon, L ūnus, R odin, S eka, We un
  • 1- sem- A mek, E some,same G heis,oud-amos K sas, Ir samhail, L semel/sin-gulus/sim-plex R sam, S sa-kr.t
  • 2- dwo- A yerku, Al dy, B dy, E two, G duō, H dā-, Ir dó, K wu, L duo, R dva, S dva, We dau
  • 3- trei- A yerek', Al tre, B trys, E three, G treis, H tri-, Ir trí, K tre, L trēs, R tri, S tri, We tri
  • 4- kwetwer- A č'ors, Al katër, B keturi, E four, G tessares, Ir ceahair, K śtwar, L quattuor, R četyre, S catur, We pedwar
  • 5- penkwe- A hing, Al pesë, B penki, E five, F pinke, G pente, Ir cúig, K päñ, L quinque, R pjat', S pañca, We pump
  • 6- sweks- A vec', Al gjashtë, B šeši, E six, G heks, Ir sé, K s.äk, L sex, R šest', S s.as., We chwech
  • 7- septm- A yot', Al shtatë, B septyni, E seven, G hepta, Ir seacht, H shipta-, K s.äk, L septem, R sem', S sapta, We saith
  • 8- oktou- A ut', tëte, B aštuoni, E eight, G oktō, Ir ocht, K okät, L octō, R vosem', S as.t.a, We wyth
  • 9- newn- A inn, nëntë, B devyni, E nine, G ennea, Ir naoi, K ñu, L novem, R devjat', S nava, We naw
  • 10- dekm- A tas, dhjetë, B dešimt, E ten, G deka, Ir deich, K śäk, L decem, R desjat', S daśa, We deg
  • 20- wikmti- G eikosi, Ir fiche, L viginti, S vin.śati, We ugain
  • 100- kmtom B šimtas, E hundred, G hekaton, Ir cead, K känt, L centum, R sto, S śata, I satem, We cant
  • 1000- teus-kmti E thousand, W þusundi, OE þusend, B tukstantis, K tumane, OCS tysǫšti', R tysjača
  • 1° -per- Al i parë, B pirmas, E first, G prōtos, H para, Ir er, K parwe, L primus, R pervyĭ, S prathama

Nomina[recensere | fontem recensere]

Parentes[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • manu- (vir): S manus-, I man-us, E man, R muž, B žmones, D Mann
  • nomon (nomen): K nom, L nōmen, E name, S nāmah, G onoma, CC anm-en, R imya, Al emën, OIr ainm, H lāman
  • wiros (vir): S vīra-, I vīra-, L vir, B vyras, K wir, OHG wer, C gwyr, Sk oior, OE wer, OPr wirs
  • hner (vir): S nar, G aner, anthropos, A ayr
  • gwena (mulier): R žena, I gəna, G gynē, E queen, S gnā/jani-, OPr genna, A gin
  • an- (avus): OG annis, L anna, Il ana, D ano→ahn, B anyta, H hannas, A han, R vnuk, C eontr
  • pa-ter (pater): L pater, G pater, K pācer, C ater, S pitā, D Vater, R batya
  • mā-ter (mater): A mair, Al motër, B motina, Ir máthair, L māter, G mētēr, R mat' (mater', pl. materi), S mātr., K mācer, D Mutter, E mother, We mam
  • bhrā-ter (frater): E brother, L frāter, G phrātēr, K procer, R brat, D Bruder, We brawd
  • swesor (soror): OE sweostor, S svasar-, R sestra, L soror, OIr siur, A koir, K sar, G eor, We chwaer
  • sunu- (filius): S sūnu-, I hunu-, B sūnus, E son, OHG sunu, R syn, G uios
  • dhugəter (filia): S duhitar-, G thygatēr, K tkācer, E daughter, R doch' (docher', pl. docheri), A dustr, D Tochter
  • daiwer (levir): S devar-, R dever', B dieveris, L lēvir, OHG zeihhur, G dāēr, A taigr
  • swekrū (socrus): R svekrov', S śvaśrū-, B šešuras, OHG swigur, C chwegr, A skesur, L socrus, G ekurā, Al vjehërë
  • snus-os (nurus): R snokha, S snushā-, OCS snŭkha, OE snoru, L nurus, G nuos, A nu
  • gəlōu- (glos): OCS zlŭva, R zolovka, G galōs, L glōs
  • yenəter- (ianitrices): L ianitrīcēs, G einatēr, B jentė, R yatrov', S yātar-
  • awon- (avus/avunculus): L avus/avunculus, B avynas, W ewythr, A hav, OCS uy, OE ēam
  • nepōt- (nepos): L nepōs, S napāt-, I napāt-, Al nip, OCS netiy, OE nefa, C nei, D Neffe, We nai
  • widhewā- (vidua): S vidhavā-, I vidavā-, W widuwō, OPr widdewu, R vdova, L vidua, OIr fedb, D Witwe, We gweddw
  • ghos-ti (hospes, hostis): R gost', L hostis, OHG gast, E guest, R gos-pod'

Partes corporis[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • ker- (caput): L cervix/cerebrum, R cherep, B kerpetis, G kare, I sar, S karparas, A karapen
  • pilo- (pilus): G pilos, L pilus/pilleus, B pleike, R plesh >< *pula-: S pula, OIr ulach
  • bhru- (cilium): S bhrus, B bruvis, Ir bruad, E brow, R brov', MN abroutes, G ophrys, D Braue
  • ous- (auris): G ous-os, S usi, R ushi, W auso, B ausis, C aus, L auris/aural, Al vesh, D Ohr
  • okw- (oculus): R oko, L oculus, K ek, A akn, S aksi, OHG ouga, G ops, OHG ouga, E eye, D Auge, Al sy, B akis, Ir fuinneog
  • nas- (nasum): S nasa, L nasus/naris, R nos/nozdrya, B nosis, E nose, I nah, D Nase
  • os- (os, oris): S as/osthas, I aosta, C oss, L os/oral/ostium, B austo/uosta, R usta/ustye
  • leb- (labium): L labium, D lippe, E lip, C llef, R lobzat'
  • dent- (dens): L dentis, G odons, C dant, B dantis, S dantam, E tooth, OHG zand, R desna, We dant
  • dinghu- (lingua): L dingua→lingua, OIr teng, E tongue, W tuggo >< *daghu→*gighu: S jihva, I hizva→huzvan, R yazyk, B l-iezuvis, A l-ezu, D Zunge, We tafod
  • genu- (genu): L genu, C genou, G genos, W kinnus, S hanus, I zanu, B zandas, F azon, K sanwem, A cnaut
  • g'ebh- (gena): B zebti, R zebry/jabry/zob, Ir gop, D kiefer, OE ceafl→jowl, I zafana
  • smek- (maxilla<*maxla): Ir smech, B smakras, S smasru, H zamakur, A mauruk, Al mjekre, L maxilla
  • bhardha (barba): R boroda, B barzda, OCS brada, L barba, E beard, D Bart, We barf
  • moni (collum): S manya, L monile, E mane, Ir muine, G mannon, R monisto, We mwnwgl
  • omesos (humerus): G omos, S amsa, W ams, L umerus, K antse, A us
  • arm- (bracchium): Oss arm, A armukn, L armus, W arms, E arm, S irmas, OPr irmo, OCS ramo, D Arm
  • el- (cubitus): C elin, OHG elina, G alas/oleon, A olok, L ulna, B elkune, R lokot', S aratnis, We elin
  • dous- (ulna): S dos, I daos, Ir doe, B pa-duse, R pazukha
  • ghes-(manus): S hastas, I zasta, B pa-zaste L Hir ?, Praesto<prai-ghes-to??< H kessar, G kheir→chiros, A jerk
  • onogh (unguis): G onychos, S anghri, L unguis, D nagel, R nogot', B nagutis, I nakhara, C eguin, A elungn, We ewin
  • steno- (pectus): G stenion, A stin, S stana, I fstana >< *speno-: B spenys, ON speni, OIr sine, L sternum
  • perk- (latus): OCS persi, B pirsys, S parsus, I parsum, Oss fars
  • pog- (pectus): S paksas, B paksis, L pectus, R pakh, K passa
  • onbh- (umbilicus): S nabhya, I naba, B naba, D nabel, G omphalos, L umbo/umbilicus, OIr imbliu
  • udero- (venter): L uterus/ venter, G otheros, S udaram, I udaras, B vedaras, R bedro, D wanst
  • pizda (vulva): R pizda, B pizda, Al pith >< *put-: L puteo, B puti, ON futh, OHG vut
  • pes- (penis): G peos, L penis, OHG faselt, S pasas
  • orghi- (testiculus): G orhis, A orjik, I uirghe, B arzus, I arazi, Al herde
  • ors- (anus): G orrhos, A or, H arras, E arse, OIr err, D arsch
  • k'louni- (clunis): L clunis, C clun, ON hlaun, N slaunis, S sroni, I sraoni, We clun
  • kroksko (crus): Al krake, B karka, OCS kraka, R okorok, S kiskum
  • ped- (pes): B peda, L pes/pedis, S padam, E foot, A vot, G pos, R pedsios→peshiy
  • gwenu- (genu): R zveno, L genu, C geno, H gienu, E knee, G gony, S janu, Il Genua/Genava, D Knie
  • kenk- (patella): S kankala, B kenkle, Lt cinksla, E heel
  • persna ([[]]): S parsni, L perna/pernis, H parsina, W fairsna, D ferse, G pteron

Interna corporis[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • krep- (corpus): S krapa, I xrafstra, Al shkrep, OHG href, L corpus → D Körper; E corpse, Ir cri, G prapis, We corff
  • nau- (cadaver): K naut, W naus, OPr nave, R nav'/onava, C newyn, OHG not
  • pel- (pellis): G pelos, L pellis, R pelena, D fell, E film, G pilon, B pleinen >
  • tuakos (pellis): S tvacas, H tuekkas, G sakos
  • ost- (os, ossis): Al asht, L oss, G osteon/ostrakon → E oyster, R k-ost', S asthi, I asti, We asgwrn
  • gwiya (tendo): S jya, I jya, B giya, G bios, OCS jitsa >< R jila, A jil, B gysla, L filum, We gewyn
  • memso (caro): S mamsam, OPr mensa, W mimz, R myaso, Al mish, A mis, K misa, L membrum, G menisk
  • kreu- (cruor): S kravis, B kraujas, R krov', L cruor, Ir crau, G kreas, ON kruvas, I kruva-, E raw, We crau
  • esr- (sanguis): S asrak, OL aser, B asins, H eshar, K ysar, G eiar, A ariun
  • mozgo (cerebrum): R mozg, I mazga, S majjas, K massunt, OPr muzgeno, OHG marag
  • ghelgh- (glandula): A geljk, B gelezunes, R jeleza
  • reusmen- (gula): S romantha, C rhumen, L rumen/ruma/ruminare
  • pleu-mon (pulmo, pulmonis): G pleumon, S kloman, B plausas, R plyuche
  • kerd- (cor): S kerd, H karts, L cordis, G kardia, E heart, C craidd, R serdtse, B sirdis, A sird, We craidd
  • yekwr- (iecur): S yaknas, B jaknos, I yakar, L iecur, Ir iuchair, I jigar, G hepar, R ikra
  • splengh- (lien): E spleen, G splen, OIr selg, OCS slezena, L lien, I sparazan, S plihan, B bluznis
  • ghel- (fel): R jelch, E gall, G chole, L fellis, D Galle
  • lendh- (lumbus): D lenden, R lyadvie, L lumbus
  • gwelbh- (uterus): E womb, S garbhas, G thelphos >< *gwrebh-: G brephos, Ir brommach, R jrebya
  • g'her- (intestina): L hernia, S hirah, G horion, L haru-spex/garum ON garn, B zarna, A jar
  • eter- (intestina): OCS yatro, R utroba, G entera, S antram, A anderk, OIr inathar
  • bhudhmen (fundus): S budhnah, I buno, A bun, Ir bond, G nuthmen, L fundus, OHG bodam, E bottom, We bôn
  • kakka (faeces): R kaka, G kakkao, L cacare, A kakor, Ir cacc, D kacke

Sensus ingeniaque[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • men- (mens): L mens/mental, G menos/mnasthai/memona, S manas, I manah-, E mind, B minti, R mnit', A mit
  • aiw- (vis vitae): S ayuh, I ayu, K aym, L aevum, E aye/ever, G aeon/aion
  • sopn- (somnus): B sapnas, S svapnas, L somnus/sopio, ON svefn, K spane, G supno→hypnos, I xvafna, Ir suan, R son, A keun, Al gjumë, We hun
  • an- (spiritus): S anas, W andi, C anal, L animal/animus, G anemos, R von', We anysbryd
  • g'eus- (gustus): OIr guss, L gustus, W kustus, D kiesen, S josati, I zaoso/zusto, Al desha
  • ters- (sitis): S tarsna, I tarsu, A tarsamim, G tersesthai, Al ter, L torrus/terra, E thirst, D Durst
  • sueid- (sudor): A khrtinkh, Al djersë, E sweat, B sviedri, S svedate, L sudor/sudare, G hydros, D Schweiss, We chwys
  • dakru- (lacrima): G dakru, C deigr, L lacrima, D zahre, E tear, S asru, B asara, We deigryn
  • ghouros (timor): S ghoras, W gaurs, D graus, Ir gure, R jurit'
  • ghers- (horror): ON gersta, B grassa, A garsim, I grahma, OIr gortae
  • trudes- (leprae): L trudo, R trud, OIr trosc, W trutsfill, G truo, B truneti

Verba caelestia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • sawel- (sol): B saule, L sol, C haul, G helios, Al (h)yll, E sun, R solntse, S suras, D Sonne, We haul
  • mens- (luna/mensis): G mene/men, K men/meñe, L mensis, E moon/month, R mesyats, S masas, A amsoy, I mahya, Ir mi, D Mond/Monat, Al muaj, B mėnuo, We mis
  • ster- (stella): G aster, C sterenn, D stern, E star, L Sidus,sideris/stella, A astel, S tarah/strebhih, We seren, K śre
  • nebh- (nubes): R nebo, L nebulo, OHG nebul, S nabhas, G nephos, H nepis, D Nebel (brétema), We nef
  • leuk- (lux): G leukos, L lux, R luch, A luys, C lugus, E light, S rokas → L luna, R luna, D Licht→leuchten (verb), We llug, K luk-
  • telp- (spatium): S talpas, B talpa, R tolpa, K tsalp, Ir tallaim, We talm

horae diei[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • aus- (aurora): B ausra, OHG ostra, S usras, R utro, E east, G (h)eos, L aurora
  • agh- (mane): S ahem, Al agoj/agume, G aige, R yug
  • deien- (dies): A tiv, R den', OIr denus, B diena, S dinam, L dies,nundinae, Al gdhinj, We dydd, OE lencten
  • vesper-(vespera) A gišer, L vespera, G hesperos, B vakaras, Ir fescor, R vecher, W veig, We ucher E West
  • nekwt- (nox): G nykt, B naktis, D nacht, S naktis, G nuktos, H nekuz, C nocht, L nox, R noch, Al natë, Ir anocht, K nekchiye, We nos

tempora anni[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • iero- (annus): W jer, E year, I yare, OCS yaro, G iros, L hornus, D Jahr
  • wes- (ver): R vesna, S vasantas, B vasara, ON var, C var, L ver, I vanri, A garun
  • sem- (aestus): S sama, C sam, E summer, I ham, A amar, D Sommer
  • osen- (messis): R osen', OPr assanis, W asans, OHG aran, G onopa
  • gheim (hiems): S heman, L hiems, G xeima, C giam, R zima, B ziema, I zimo, A dzmer, Al dimen

Aer[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • k'evero- (ventus septentrionis): R sever, B siaurys, L caurus, A curt, W skura, E shower
  • sneigh (nix): B sniegas, R sneg, OIr snigid, S snihyati, E snow, L nix, G nipha, D Schnee
  • grad- (grando): R grad, B gruodas, L grando, A karkut
  • ei-s- (gelu): I isu, Oss ix, E ice, D eis >< *ei-n-: R iney, B ynis
  • sneudh- (caligo): I snaoda, C nudd, G nuthon, L nubes
  • meldh- (fulgur,is): OPr mealde, B milna, R molniya

Plenitudo[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • solo- (totus): L sollus, K salu, G (h)olos, A olj, OIr oll, Al gjale, S sarvah, I haurva-
  • semi- (medius): L semis, OHG sami, S sami, G hemi
  • aiti- (pars): I aeta-, Osk aeteis, G aitios/aisa, C aes

Natura rerum[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • dhg'em- (terra): B žeme, P zam, S ksam, G khthon, L humus/homo, E groom (bridegroom), Al dhè, R zemlja, Ir duine, H tekan, K kem.
  • ghemel (ager/terra): R zemlya, F zemelo, Thr semele, G Chthon
  • akmon (petra): G akmon, B akmen, S acma, I asman, R kamen', E hammer
  • g'embh- (prominens→dens): G gomphos, S jambhas, B žambas, Al dhëmb, MN kombous, E comb, K keme, R zub, L gemma, A tsamak,
  • gwere (mons): R gora, B giria, S giris, I gairi, G deiros, Al gur, A ler
  • agras (campus): S ajrah, G agros/agrestis, L ager, W akrs, E acre, A art, D Acker
  • lendh- (planities): OPr lindan, E land, Ir lann, R lyada, D Land
  • gues- (nemus): L vespices, OHG questa, Nw kvas, R khvorost, Az gvozd, S guspita, Al gethi
  • leug- (lacuna): B liugas, R luja, G lugaios, Il lugas, Al legate, C Lugu-dunum
  • lat- (palus): G latas, B Latuva, C are-late, OIr laith, D letten
  • mori- (fluvius): R more, C more, B marios, L mare, OHG meri, S maryada, E marsh, D moor
  • laku- (stagnum): G lakkos, L lacus/lacuna, OHG lagu, OS lokva, Ir loch, A lich (lago)
  • eghero- (lacus): B ezeras, OCS ezero, R ozero, Il oseriates, G aheron
  • akwa- (flumen): L aqua, R Oka, W aha, OHG aha, D ache, E island
  • wedor (aqua): E water, R voda, MN bedu, G hydor, B vanduo, L unda, S udan, Al ujë, Ir uisce, H watar, A get, K war
  • poimno- (spuma): L pumex/spuma, B spaine, S phena, R pena, E foam, Oss fink

Lumen[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • paewr- (focus): K puwar, H pahhur, K por, G pur/pyre/pyrite, ON furr, E fire, R pyrey
  • egni- (lumen): S Agni-s, H agnis, L ignis, B ugnis/agnus, OCS ogn', R ogon'
  • dhum- (fumus): S dhumas, B dumai, R dym, OHG toum, L fumus, G fumos
  • pers- (po): OCS perst', K pars-, I parsuya, B parsla, ON fors, H pappars, S prsati

Partes arboris[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • deru- (arbor): S daru, A dzar, B derva, C dervo, R derevo, E tree/true, H taru, G doru/drys, L durus, Al dru, Ir daur, K or
  • guozdh- (talo): R gvozd, D quast, L hasta, ON kuistr, C gat/both
  • k'ak- (ramus): C cainc, A chux, B saka, S sakha, R sokha/po-sokh, Al theke, W hoha
  • dheregh- (spina): B drigne, C draigen, S draksa, G terthnos, Uk deren, R tern, S trnam, W taurnus, E thorn
  • wred- (radix): R vred, S vardhati, E wart/wort/root, D wurzel, L radix/ramus, G rhiza,
  • gwet-l (resina): D kitt, S jatu, C bedw, L betulla/bitumen
  • kolei- (glutinum): G kolla, ONG helen, B klejai, R kley

Flora[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • bhago- (fagus): OHG buohha, L fagus, G phygos
  • perk- (quercus): B perkunas, S parkati, C perth, L quercus, ON fura, R Perun
  • bhereg- (fraxinus): R bereza, B berzas, Oss bharza, S bhurjas, OHG birihha, ON bjork, L fraxinus, D Birke
  • klen- (pratum): R klen, C kelyn, ON hlynr, B klevas, MN klino-trokhon
  • ol- (alnus): L alnus, B alksnis, R olkha, MN alixa, ON alr, OHG elira
  • aps- (fraxinus): B apse, R opsa→osina, OHG aspa→ash, I awsak
  • eywo- (taxus): E yew, B ieva, R iva, C iva, A aigi, Français if
  • grabh- (carpinus): R grab, B grabis, MN grabion
  • wygh- (ulmus): Al vith/vidhe, R vyaz, B viksna
  • lyp- (tilia): R lipa, B liepa, C llwyf
  • gheluna (pinus): G heluno→heilos, A jelun, ON giolnar, Sw gael
  • elwn- (cedrus): R el', B addle/egle, L ebulus, C odocos
  • koslo- (abies): B kasulas, E hazel, D Hasel, L corulus, C coll
  • ar- (nux): R orekh, Al arre, G arna
  • abl- (pomum): E apple, R yabloko, OI uball, C aballo, B obelis, D Apfel
  • ker- (cerasum): G kranos/kerasos, B keras/kirna, R cherenok/koren', D Kirsche
  • rap- (napus): R repa, B rope, OHG raba, L rapum, G rapus
  • krem- (cepa): G kremeon, Ir crema, OE hramsan→ramsons, B kermuse/cermauksis, R черемуха/черемица
  • og- (baca): K oko, B uoga, OS jaga, OCS vin-yaga, R yagoda, W akran, E acorn
  • moro- (morum): G moron, A mor, L morum, C merwydden, E mulberry
  • k'olmos (culmus): G kalamos, K kulmants, L culmus, E haulm, OPr salme, R soloma
  • koino- (herba): G koina, A khot, L sienas, R seno

Insecta[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • morvi- (formica): OCS mravie, Ir moirb,R muravj,i I maoiri, S vamras, L formica, G murmes, ON maurr, B merva, A mrchun
  • bhei- (apis): E bee, B bitis, Ir bech, R bcela→pchela, L fucus, D Biene
  • wopsa (vespa): B vapsa, OHG wafsa, L vespa, E wasp, R vosa→osa, S gvabz, I vawzaka, C guahi, D Wespe
  • mu- (musca): B muse, L musca, R mukha, OHG mugga, Al mize, G muia, A mun, D Mücke
  • blousa (pulex): B blusa, R blokha, Af vraza, A lu, S buha, G psulla, Al plesht, L pulex
  • knid- (pulex): R gnida, B gnida, C nedd, D gneis, G konis, Al theni, A anic
  • kwrmi- (vermiculus): S krmi, NI kirm, B kirmis, Al krimp, OIr cruim, OCS chermnyi, R cherv'

Animalia aquatilia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • ghdhu- (piscis): B zuvis, A dzuk, G ikhthos, OS zev'?
  • laks- (salmo): K laks, ON lax, B lasis, R losos', D Lachs
  • angwi- (anguilla): L anguis/anguilla, B angis/angurgis, OHG unc, OIr ung, R už/ugor', G imberis
  • konkho- (conguius): G konkhos, L conguius, S sankha
  • urmis (vermis): W waurms, E worm, A vort, L vermis, OCS vermie, B varmas, C gwrm, G romos, D Wurm *

Aves[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • avi- (aves): L avis, I avayas, S vih, A hav, C hwyad, G aetos
  • eor- (aquila): C er, D ara→aar, A ardziv, E erne, G ornis, R orel, B erelis, H haras
  • worn- (corvus): B varna, R vorona, K wraun, C brana, E raven, L corvus, G korax
  • trozdos (turdus): B strazdas, R drozd, ON trostr, E thrash, Ir truid, L turdus
  • aneti- (anas, anatis): B ántis, L anas, OSw anad, OHG anut, S atih, R utie, D Ente
  • ghans- (anser): G honos, S hamsah, L anser, OIr geiss, E goose, R gus', B zasis, D Gans
  • teter- (gallus): R teterev, B teterva, S tittiras, G tetrao, Ir tethra, ON thidurr, A tatrak
  • sperg- (harundo): OHG sperk, D sperling, E sparrow, K sparan, G sparasion, L parra
  • niz-do (nidus): R gnezdo, E nest, A nist, L nidus, S nidas, Ir net, D Nest/nisten

Bestiae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • ghwer- (fera): R zver', B zveris, L ferus → E fierce, G ther
  • maghos (catulus): W magus, C magu-rix, OIr maug, I magava, Al makth, B mac, OHG magad→magd, OE maege→maid
  • s-tauro (bison): I staora, W stiur, B tauras, G tauros, L taurus, C tarvos, R tur, E steer, D Stier
  • rtko- (ursus): G arktos→arctic, L ursus, S rksa, I xirs, A arj, C art, Al ari
  • wlkwpo- (lupus): R volk, B vilkas, E wolf, C vail, L lupus, P vehrka, A gail, D Wolf, G Lykos, Al ujk, S vr.ka, Ir faol, K walkwe, Sabina hirpus
  • epero- (aper): D Eber, L aper, R vepr', B vepris >< L vepres, S vapati
  • bhi-bhru (fiber): S babhrus, B bebras, R bobr, C beber, E beaver, L fiber, I bawra, D Biber, Gallica La Bièvre( flumen ubi vivebant fiberes)
  • udras (lutra): S udras, I udra, B udra, R vydra, G hydros, E otter, D Otter, la lutra
  • vever- (viverra): L viverra, C gwiwer, R veveritsa, B vaveris, NI varvarah
  • eghi- (ericius): R ež, B ezys, F eksis, G ekhinos, D Igel, A ozni
  • netr- (Serpens): L natrix, C nathir/neidr, OE naeddre→adder, D Natter
  • kat- (catulus): L catulus, Umb katel, R vy-kot (okot)

Animalia domestica[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • kwon- (canis): G kuon/cynic, A shun, F kunes, K ku, C cuna, L canis, E hound, S shúnas, I shun, R suka
  • ekwo- (equus): L equus, K yakwe, C eqa/epos, G hippos, S aswa, B asva, P aspa
  • gwou- (vacca/taurus): S gaus, B guovs, R govyado, K keu, A kov, E cow, L bos, G bous, Ir bo, D Kuh
  • su- (porcus): L sus/suinus, E sow/swine, B sivens, R svin, S sukaras, Al thi, G us/vinos, D Sau
  • porko- (porcus): G porkos, L porcus, B parsas, R porosya, I purs, E farrow, Ir orc, D Ferkel
  • ag- (capra): S ajah, I azak, B ozys, OIr ajinam, OCS yazno, R k-oza
  • owi- (ovis): L ovis, R ovtsa, B avis, S avika, E ewe, G ois, C oi
  • agwhno- (agnus): L agnus, R agnets, OCS yagn', G amnos, Ir uan, OE eanian
  • kerw- (cornutus): G keraos, L cervus→serval, C carw, B karve, OCS krava, E hart
  • mus- (mus, muris): S mus, I mus, L mus, OHG mus, G mys→muscle, R mysh, A muk, Al mi, D Maus, E mouse *

Producta animalia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • owye- (ovum): L avis/ovum, G oion, C oi, R yaye→yaytso, D Ei, I aia→aika, E egg
  • melit (mel): G melitos, A meghr, Al mjal, L mel/mellis/mulsus, C mel, OIr mil, H milit, E mildew ,R med
  • medhu (mel): S madhu, R med, B medus, E mead, G methy, I madu
  • alu-d (cervesia): B alus, E ale, OCS ol, L alumen, OG aleo/aleupon
  • glag- (lac, lactis): G gala/galaktios, L lac/lactis >< *sveid-: B svaidit, S ksvidyati, I xsvid
  • selp- (Butyrum): K s.älyp, S salbe, G helpos, H salpa-, Al gjalpë, S sarpis, E salve
  • suro- (caesum): B suras, R syr, ON surr/syrra, Al hirre
  • smeru- (adeps, adipis): OIr smera, G smuris, D schmer
  • moisos (corium): B maisas, S mesas, I maesi→mes, ON meiss, R mekh
  • kern- (cornu): R serna, L cornu, E horn, S crengam, I srva, G keras→keratina/rinoceronte

Plantae comestibles[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • greno- (granum): L granum, OIr gran, R zerno, B zirnis, S jirnas, OHG kerno
  • peluos (farina): OPr pelwa, L palea, S palavas, B pelavas, R polova, G palo
  • bhares (farina): F brisa, L farina, E barley, OCS brashno
  • puro- (messis): S puras, B puras, G puros, R pyrey, E furze
  • yewo- (frumentum): S yavas, B javai, I yavanha, R ovin, G zeia
  • urughya (secale): B rugys, R rozh, ON rugr, E rye
  • gherzdh- (hordeum): L hordeum, D Gerste, A drith, G kri
  • avig- (avena): B aviza, S avasam, R oves, E oats, L avena, G aigilops
  • bhabha (faba): L faba, OPr babo, R bob, Al bathe, OHG bona, E bean
  • eregwo- (ervum, cicer): G orobos, OIr orbaind, L ervum, cicer, D erbse >< *k'iker (pea): A siser, Md kikerroi, G krios

Alia producta[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • lino- (linum): G linon, B linas, L linum, OIr lin, Al lini, W lein, OE lin, R len, D Leinen
  • sali- (sal): L sale, K sale, B sals, E salt, G als, A al, OIr salann, R sol', D Salz
  • gwel- (aurum): E gold, R zoloto (zlato), G chloros, F glunea, L helvus, P zaranya, S hari, D Gold
  • ayes- (metallum): S ayas, L aes, OHG er, E ore

Instrumenta[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • aguesi (securis): E axe, D Axt, G adzi, L ascia
  • arqu- (arcus): S arkas, L arcus, W arhuazna, E arrow >< G arkeuthos, R rakita, B ercis
  • aik- (uncus): G aikloi/iktea, OPr ayculo, R igla, L ico/icere >< G aihun, OPr aysmis, I isar
  • ke(n)g- (hasta): B kenge, NI cang, Ir cheng, R kogot', E hook/hatchel
  • skeb- (culter): B skabus, L scabere, R skoblit', ON skepja, D Schaff
  • skap- (ferramenta): R skopit/kopat, B skaplis/kapas, OHG skaft, G skopelos/kopos, L capus, NI kafad, Al kep
  • mat- (ligo): S matyam, R motyka, L mateola, OHG modela → C matog, E mattock
  • mak- (marsupium): L makas, C megin, D magen, E mag→maw, R moshna
  • tuol- (tubus): R tula, G tholon, S tunas, OHG dola
  • tark- (axis): S tarkus, OPr tarkue, R torok, K tark, G atraktos, C torc, L torqueo, OHG drahsil
  • gweri- (rota molinae): R jernov, L girba, OHG kuerna/curn, A erkan, S gravan, C breuan
  • kwekwlo (rota/carrus): G kyklos→cycle, K kokale, L circulus/circus, S cakram→chakra, R koleso
  • nau- (navis): S nau, C nau, G naus, L navis, I navaza, A nav, ON nor

Domus[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • dem- (domus): S dam-as, I dam, G dom-os, L dom-us, R dom, E timber
  • treb- (trabs): C treb, L trabes, B troba, E thorp, D dorf, G teremnon
  • rebh- (tectum): G erepho, R rebro, E rib, ON rif→reef
  • ghrendh- (trabes): B grindis, ON grind, L grunda, R gryada
  • kantho- (culina): G kanthos, L cantus, C cant, B kampas, R kut, D Kante
  • ang- (angulus): OHG ango, Oss aengur, S angam/ankas, L ancus/uncus, B anka, G ogkos, R ugol
  • dhwer- (ianua): A dur, R dver', S dvaras, Al derë, ON dyrr, E door, C doro, G thyra, B durys, L fores, D Tür, Ir doras, K twere
  • gher- (claustrum): R jerd', OCS grad, B gardas, E garden, Al garth, F gordum, L hortus, S grahas
  • pent- (via): L pons/pontis, G pontos, S panthas, I fandag, G patos, R pont'→put', E find, A hun
  • bheregh (oppidum): R bereg/beregu, GM berg/burg, E barrow/borough, A barjr, S brahant, C bre, D Bereich *

Verba societatis[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • teuta (tribus): C teuto, Os touta, OE Þeoð(Theod), D "Deutsch", OPr toda, OIr tuath
  • leudh- (populus): B liaudis, R liud, OHG liut, G eleutheros, OIr luss, L liber, S rodhati, I raoda-, D Leute
  • weik- (vicus): OHG weihs,E whole, B viesis, R ves', I vis, Al vis, S vic, L vicus, G oikos
  • reg- (regens): L rex, C rix, S rajah, L regere, G oregein, C recto, E right, D Recht
  • ner- (potestas): C nerth, Al njer, L nervus, G neuron, S nar, B noras, R nrav
  • yewes (lex): S yoh, L jus, I yaozda, OIr huisse
  • ala (salutatio): S alala, G alala, B aluoti, R ole, E hello, D Hallo
  • peku- (bona): L pecus/pecunia, G pekto, B pesti, S pasu, I pasu, W faihu, E feoh→fee, Al pile
  • mizdho- (pretium): S midham, I mizdam, W mizdo, R mzda, G misthos, D miete
  • vesno- (pretium): S vasnam, OCS veno, L venum, G honos, A gin, H ussaniya→bazaar
  • k'at- (rixa): S catrus, C catu, E hate, OCS kotora, S satayati
  • koros (bellum): B karas, I kara, G koiranos, C cuire, D Heer, OE herebeorg→harbour, E herald
  • veik- (victoria): B veikus/viekas, R vek, L vincere/victum, Gl vecorix, ON veig/vega, OHG wigan, Ir fichim
  • deiw-os (deus): S devas, B dievas, L deus, G theos/Zeus, F tios, R div
  • bal (potestas/vis): S, bala, G beltión, L bilis, OIr odbal, R bolee

Verba[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • bheue- (esse): S bhutis, B buti, R byt', Ir buith, E be, L fui/futuros.
  • es- (esse): R est', B esti, G esti, S asti, I asti, L est, E is, A e.
  • gene- (parere): G genos/genesis, L genus, E kin, G kind, N zentas, R zyat', I zanaite, S jajana
  • gwei- (vivere): S jivati, B gyvoti, OSC jivot, R jivoy, L vivere, E quick, G zoion, OIr bethu→whiskey
  • bheud- (surgere): S budhyate/budhas→Nomen philosophi Buddha, B budeti, R budit', I buidyeti, OIr buide, ON bod, G pepusmai,
  • pneu- (spirare): G pneu/pneuma, ON fnysa
  • kwas- (tussire): S kasate, Ir casad, R kashlyat', B koseti, D husten
  • smei- (ridere): R smeius', S smayate, B smaidit, K smi, E smile, L co(s)mis, G meidos, OIr miad
  • prai- (libere/placere): S priyas, R priyat', B prieks, G praos, I frya, W frijja, E friend, D Freund
  • leubh- (amare): R lubit', S lubhyati, L lubens/libido, OE lufu→love, B liaupse, Al laps, D Liebe→lieben (verb)
  • eibh- (futuere): OHG eiba, S yabhati, R yebat', Il oibalos, G oibu
  • sneubh- (colere mulierem): OR snubit', L nubo/nubere, G nymphios
  • g'eme- (ducere mulierem): S jamatar, I zamatar, G dzamos/dzameo, L generis, A amus-nanal
  • ed- (edere/esse): B edmi, R eda, S admi/atti, A utem, L edo, G edo, E eat, D essen
  • gwreugh- (mordere): L grauzti, R gryzt'/grust', W kriustan, A krtz-el/ktz-el, С *brugnos→brwyn
  • poi- (bibere): R poit', S payate/pitis, G pio, Al pi, L bibo, Ir ibim
  • leigh- (lambere): L lingere, S ledhi, OIr ligim, G leikhein, A luz-el, R lizat', OHG leckôn, E lick, D lecken
  • reug- (vomere): R rygat', B rugsti, G ereugomai, L erugere/ructare, E reek, NI arog, A orcam
  • perd- (flatus facere): R perdet', S pardate, B per(d)sti, F perdomai, Al pjerth, E fart, D furzen
  • dhrei- (cacare): R dristat', ON drita → E dirt, B derkti, G dardainei, L foria
  • meigh- (mingere): S mehati, I maezati, B mizti, Sl mziti, R mezga, A miz-el, K mizo, G omeihein, ON miga, W maihstus, E mash, L mingere
  • dre(m)- (dormire): R dremat', S drayati, G drathano, OG A tartam, L dormio, E dream
  • suergh- (aegrotare): W saurga, D Sorge, S surksati, OIr serg, B sergu, OCS sraga, E sore
  • mer- (mori): R meret', B mirti, S marati, I miryeite, L mori/mortuus, A mer-nel, G emorten, E murder, C marvos
  • magh- (posse): I magus→magic, B magus, E maegen→might, mekhane→machine, OCS mogti, D (ver-)mögen
  • weid- (videre): S veda, I vaeda, R vedat'/videt', L videre, F wit, E wit, A gitem
  • g'en- (cognoscere, scire): R znat', B žinoti, S janati, I adana, E know, K knan, Ir gnath, G gnotos, L co-gnosco, Al njeh, Ir gnath, H kanes, A canot'
  • ver- (fari): L verbum, B vardas, E word, R vrat', S vrata, I urvata, H ueria, G eiro/ritor/rothis
  • k'leu- (audire): C clu, G kleos, Il cleves, L clarus, B slave, R slovo/slava, S cravas, I sravah → G Hera-kles, OHG hlut→ablaut, OE hlud→loud
  • nem- (computare, dividere, allocare, distribuere): OIr nem, D nehmen, G nemo→Nemesis, G nomos→economy, B namas, L numerus→E number
  • med- (suadere): C meddu, L meditor/medicus/modus, G medousa, ON meta, E empty, A mit, S masti
  • gebh- (tenere): E giban→give, C gabi, B gabenti, OSC gobina, L habere, OR khabit'
  • aug- (augere): B augti, L augur/auctis, G audzo, W aukan, OHG ouhhon, S ugras, K auksu, E waist
  • dhe- (dare): R dat', A dal, B duoti, S dadati, Al dhashe, G doron
  • lau- (adquirere): G laia/leia, W laun, R lov, OIr luag, L lucrum, S lotram
  • mei-n- (mutare): D gemein, S menis, R mena, B mainas, OIr moin, L munus→immunis/communis
  • kwrei- (emere): X krinati, B krienis, OIr crenaim, OR krenut', K kuryar, G priasthai, A gnel
  • k'lep- (furari): G klepto, A khlel, L clepo, W hlifan, Ir cluain, OPr auklipts, B slepti, D klauen
  • leugh- (mentiri): OE leogan→lie, D leugnen/lügen/Lüge, B lugoti, R lugati→lgat'
  • mei- (fallere): S mayate, R mayat', B maju, G mimos >< *dhreugh-: ON draugr, S druhyati, I druzaiti, E dream
  • gang- (deludere): S ganjah, OHG canc, E kink, OG gaggainein, R gugnya
  • ghleu- (iocari): E glee, B glauda, G hleun, ON gleyma/glaumr, R glum/glupyi
  • (s)tai- (celare): S stayat, I tayu-, R tait', OIr taid, H tajezzi, G tetao
  • dhers- (audere): S dharsanah, R derzkiy, OPr dyrsos, E durst, G thrasos
  • kwel- (ducere): E wheel, C cellach, G keleies, B kalti, R kolot', L collum/colere→colony/cult, G polos/telos→talisman
  • wedh- (ducere): R vedu, A var-el, B vedu, E wed, Ir fedim, Al vjeth → bride/wedding: S vadhus, I vadu
  • wegh- (vehere): L veho, E wagon, S vahati, I vazaiti, R vezti, L vezti, Al vjez
  • bher- (ferre): S bharati, I baraiti, R beru, Ir biru/brith, A ber-el, Al bie, G fero, L fero, E bear/birth, D burde/geburde, K pär, B baras, Ir beirem
  • sta- (stare): I staya, E stand, L sto, B stoti, R stavit', D stehen
  • k'lei- (clinare): C cle, L clino/cliens/clivus, G kline/klima/klitos, OE hlid→lid, E lean, A linim, B kletis/slieti, R klet'/sloy, S srayati, I srinu → G klimax, E ladder
  • sed - (sedere): R sedlo/selo, C sedlon, E saddle, OHG sezzal, L sedo→sella, G ella, D sitzen
  • legh- (iacere, iacet): R lejat', G lexos, L lectus, OHG liggan, Ir lige, D liegen
  • ei- (ire): B eiti, R idti, W iddja, S eti, I aeiti, G eimi, L ire
  • gwem- (venire): L venio, S gamat, I jamaiti, K kam, E come, A gal, D kommen
  • leikw- (relinquere): B liekas, OIr leicid, D leihen, R (o)lek, A lk-el, G leipo/loipos, L linquo/liqui
  • dra- (fugere): S drati/dramati, G dradomai/dromos, Ill Drava, R drapat', B drebeti, D trappel, A trel
  • k'ers- (currere): C carros, L curro/cursus, E hurry, G epikouros/sarsai, A kark
  • pleu- (fluere): L pluit/pulmo, G pleusis/ploutos, R plavat', B plauti, S plavate, OHG flowen, E flue/flood/float/fleet/flight, D fliessen, fluten, fliegen
  • preu- (salire): R prygat', S pravate, OHG frowen, G Freude, E frog
  • suep- (iacere, iacit ): S svapu/vapati, B supuoti, R sypat', L supare/dissipare
  • leug- (rumpere): G lugros, Al lunge, A lucanel, L lugere/luctus, OIr lucht, D luke, B lauzti, S rujati, I uruxti
  • tere- (decussare): L terminus/trans-, G terthron/nek-tar, Al sh-tir, H tarhzi, S tarati/ava-tar, E thorough/through, D durch
  • sekw- (sequi): B sekti, L sequor/socis, OIr sechithir, ON seggr, S sacate
  • ap- (tangere): I apayeiti, S aptah, G apto, A ap, L apex/apud/aptis, H apanzi, K oppacci
  • au- (adiutare): S avati/avitar-, I aoman/avah-, A aviun, C Awo, Ir awell, K aulare
  • pet- (stringere, aperire bracchia): B petys, G petalon, L patere, H pattar, I patana, E fathom/fother
  • dhegwh- (urere): B degti, R dyogot'/jget, Al djek, OIr daig, W dags, E day, S dahati, I dazaiti
  • tau- (fundere): R tayat', Oss thayun, D tauen, A tanam, C tawdd, L tabere, G tiphos, E Thames
  • steg- (tegere): G stegos, S sthagati, B stiegti, L tegere/toga/tectum, OIr tech, D deck, E thatch, R stog
  • areg- (clave cludere): S argala, G argella, Sc argylla, A argel, L arcere, W arka, OPr arkan, H hark
  • gerebh- (ungues iniicere): R jerebiy, OPr girbin, G grapho/grammo, D kerben/krebs/kribbeln, A kerel, E curb
  • orbho- (laborare): A orb, C orbe, L orbus, S arbha, H arpa-, G orphanos, D arbeiten/Arbeit, R rab/rabota/rebyata
  • se- (serere): R seyat', B seti, L serere, E to sow, C saithe, L semen, B semens, R semya, D säen
  • are- (arare): K are, G arou, L aro, B arti, R orat', A araur, C airim
  • yeug- (iungere): S yugam, I jug, H jugan, L jugum/jungere, B jungas, E yoke, R igo, G zygon, C iou
  • bhel- (florere): L flos/folium, G phyllon, E flower/blossom, OIr blath/bile, D Blume
  • kerp- (carpere) G karpos, L carpere/carpit, R serp, B sirpis, L sarpio, OHG sarf, G arpagn, E harvest
  • neik- (ventilare): B niekoti, G neiklon, C nithio
  • mele- (molere): R melyu, B malu/meltan, K mely, C melim, E mill/meal, Al miell, L mola/molere, A malem, G mullo
  • gen- (premere): S hanti, I jainti, B ginti, R gnat', Al gjanj, A gan, Ir gonim, ON gunnr, G theino/phonos, L defendo
  • deme- (domare): S damyati, G damnanai, OIr damnaim, H damaazzi, I dam, L domare, E tame, D zähmen
  • pas- (protegere): S pacyati, K pask, R pasti/pitatj, L pastum/pastor, G apastos, H pahhsi, OHG fuotar, E feed
  • sne- (consuere): B snate, S snayati, Ir sniid, E snood/needle, R snovat'/osnova, L nere/netus, G neo/nema
  • teks- (texere): L textile, B tukstet, G tikos, R tkat', OHG duhen
  • syu- (suere): S syutas, L suere, E to sew, B siuti, R shit'
  • rezg- (texere): B rezgis, R rozga, L restis, S rajju, OE rysce→rush
  • eu- (vestire): S aotra, R obuv', B auti/aviu, A aganum, L ex-uo/ind-uo
  • neigw- (eluere): OIr nigid, L noegeum, ON nikr, D nix, G nidzo, S nenekti
  • loua- (lavare): G louein, C lautro, L lavere, A loganam, H lauzi, D lauge, E lye/lather
  • dheigh- (fingere): G teichos, C tais, R testo, E dough, L fingere
  • pekw- (coquitare): Al pjek, R pech, S pacati, K pak, C poeth, G pepsis
  • kuep- (coquere): S kupyati, B kupuoti, L cupere, R kipet', Al kapitem, G kapnos, ON hvap, OIr ad-cobra
  • ked- (fumare): G kedros, S kadrum, B kadegis, R kadit'
  • ongw- (ungere): L unguo, OHG ancho, S anakti, A aucanem, C amenen
  • wegwh- (iurare): S vaghat, I vaganti, L vovere/votum, A gog → S ohate, I aoxta, G eihomai, A yuzem
  • prek- (petere): L precor → E pray, K prak, S pracnas, R prosit', B prasyti, I frasa, OHG fraga
  • gwer- (orare): R zheret'→zhrets, Al gershas, B girti/giriu, S gurtih, L grates, OIr bard
  • ghwen- (somniare): R zvenet', A jain, Al zeh >< *svonos: S svanas, E swan, L sonus
  • k'vei- (sibilare): ON hvina, OE hvinan→whistle, R svist, B svyksti
  • kan- (canere): K kan, G kanaso, L cano, OIr canim, R kanyuk, W hana, E hen
  • leig- (salire): G ligaino, B laigyti, W laiks, OHG leich, OIr loig, S rejati, Krd lizim, R likovat'
  • ves- (epulari): H uesi, L vescor, I vastra, S vastoh, C gwest, OHG wist
  • serpe- (repere): Al gjarpër, G herpō, L serpō, S sr.p

Adiectiva[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • meg- (magnus): G megas, L magnus, A mec, Il mag, C maige, Al math/madhi, S mahas, K maka, W mikils
  • wesu- (pulcher): S vasu, C uesu, K yasi, Il ves, R veselyi B vesels, E wise, I vanhu
  • kailo- (salvis): G koilu, C coilou/coel, OHG heil, E holy, R tselyi, L salvis
  • kal- (pulcher): S kalya, G kallos, E health
  • k'ven- (sacer): B sventas, R svyatoy, I spanyah, W hunsl
  • upo-s (altus): G hypsi, L uxellus, C uxello, Ir uas, R vysokiy
  • dheub- (profundus): B dubos, C dubno-, Il dubris, R duplo, W diups, ON diupr, E dive/dump/dimple, G buthos, D tief
  • sen- (senex): B senas, L senex, C sen, ON sina, S sana, I hana, A hanapaz, G enos
  • newo- (novus): L novus, R novyi, G neos, H newa, E new, S navas, I nava, B naujas, C naue, A nor, D neu
  • yeu- (iuvenis): R yunyi, S yunas, C iouin, B jaunas, E young, I yuvan, L juvenis/junior, D jung
  • veg- (frigidus): L vegeo/vigil/velox, E weccan→wake, E wecca→witch, S vajayati, I vazram, K wasir, D wach
  • las- (lascivus): S lasati, R lasyi→laska, L lascivus, B loksnus, E lust, G lilaiomai
  • gal- (nudus): B gale, OHG kalo, D kahl, L calvus,glaber R golyi → B galva, OCS glava
  • nogw- (nudus): R nagoi, OE nacod, W naqaþs, S nagna, H nekumant-, L nudus, G gymnos, B nuogas, OCS nagu-, OIR nocht, D nackt
  • bhosos (sine calceis): R bosoy, B basas, A bok, E bare, G psilos, D Barfuss
  • aig- (aeger): L aeger, K aikare, ON eikenn, E inkling, B ingas/angus, R yaga
  • kaiko- (tortus): S kekara, B keikti, G kaikias, L caecus, C cuic, W haihs
  • ster- (sterilis): L sterilis, G steira, A sterj, Al shtjerre, OHG stero, Blg steritsa
  • deks- (dexter): С dexs, L dexter, OSC desnaya, B desine, I dasina, A djathte, OHG zeso
  • layuo- (laevus): L laevus, G laios, R levyi, Il levo, E left, B islaivoti >< *sevio-: OCS shuya, S savyas, C aswy, I haoya
  • dheb- (crassus): R debelyi, OPr debikan, K tappo
  • pasto- (solidus): S pastyam, OIr fastr, D fest, A hast
  • bheng'h (pinguis): OHG bungo, B pinguis, K pkante, H panku, G naxos, S bahu, I bazah
  • tenu- (tenuis): L tenuis, C teneu, R tonkiy, S tanus, G tanus, E thin, L tevas, D dünn
  • del-egh- (longus): H dalugaes, R dolgiy, B ilgas, L in-dulgeo, S dirghas, I dargam, C dala >< *(d)longhos-: L *longus, C loggos, D lang, Prs dirang
  • mreghu- (brevis): I muruzu-, Sg murzak, OHG mergi, E merry, G brahea, L brevis
  • angh- (angustus): G agho, S ahema, I azanhe, R v-yazat', W aggwus, ON ongr, A anjuk, C eang, D eng
  • gwere- (gravis): S guruh, I gouruh, B gursti, L gravis, K kramarts, G baros, D schwer
  • legwh- (levis): R legkiy, S laghus, C laigiu, G elachys, R light, L levis, D leicht
  • ok'us (velox): G okos, L ocior, OI di-oc, I asya, S asu-, R yastrit'→yastreb
  • bheres- (promptus): R borzoy, B bruzgus, C brys, L festino
  • toros (rumorosus): G toros, S taras, C taran, Ir torann, B tariu, R taratorit', A trtrak, H tar-
  • kwei- (tranquillus): ON hvila, L quies/tranquillus, R po-koy, S ciram, I syata-
  • k'leu- (mundus): G kluomos/kludon, C Cluad→Clyde, L cluo→cloaca, OE hluttor, B sluoti, R sleza
  • swad- (suavis): E sweet, G swedona→hedone, L suavis/suadere, C suadu
  • kuath- (acidus): S kvathas, R kvass, B kusuls, W hatho, L caseus, Al cos
  • om- (amarus): G omos, A hum, L amarus, S amlam, Sk amadzokoi, D ahm, OE ampre, B amuols
  • ak'r- (acer): G akros, L acer, B asrus, S asrih, R ostr, OI ochir → L acus, B akstis, W ahs, R ost'
  • gheld- (gelidus): OCS hlad, R kholod, S hladate, L gelidus/glacies, E chill/cool/cold, I sald, B saltas, D kalt
  • ghwer- (calidus): R zhar, B gorme, F germo, A jerm, E warm, L formus, G thermos, S haras, D warm
  • gheu-d (liquidus): S hutas, G hota, S juhoti, D giessen >< R jidkiy, G deisa, A gijoy
  • melk- (humidus): B malkas, R moloko, G melkion, E milk, OCS mleko, L mulceo
  • plak- (plancus): R ploskiy, G plas/pelagos, L plancus, E fluke/flat, D flach

Colores[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • reudh- (ruber): E red, B raudas/rudas, C roudo, S rudhiras, R rudy/rdet', G eruthros, K ratram, L ruber, D rot
  • bhel- (albus): R bely, C bael, B baltas, S bhalam, F falos, Al balle, L albus, H alpas, D Alps/Elba, C elfydd, R lebed' , E black
  • ghel- (viridis): B geltas/zalias, R jelty/zeleny, D gelb (yellow), L helvus, F zelkia, E yellow, Al dhelpere
  • kas-n (canus): S kasas, OHG haso, Pr sasins, R sosna, L canus
  • kerbero- (albus et niger immixti): G kerberos, S sarvarah/cabalas, R sobol', OIr corbaim, B kirba
  • tem- (obscurus): S tamas, B tamsa, I tamah, R temen', OIr temel, L tenebrae/temere, OHG demar

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Watkins, Calvert. 2000. The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European roots. Ed. 2a. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0395986109.
  • Buck, Carl Darling. 1988. A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages: A contribution to the history of ideas. Sicagi: University of Chicago Press. Editio retractata (June 15, 1988). ISBN 0226079376.