Latinitas inspicienda

Futhark Vetustius

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Ante sextum saeculum reperti

Futhark Vetustius runae ab Scandinavia erat. Ab saecula secundum ad octavum scribebatur. Post illa Futhark recentius et runae Anglosaxonicae usus erat. Haec sunt runae futhark vetustioris:

Runa UCS Translitteratio IPA Lingua Protogermanica nomen Intellectus
f f /f/ *fehu "divitia, pecudes"
u u /u(ː)/ ?*ūruz "aurochi" (vel *ûram "aqua/scoria"?)
th,þ þ /θ/, /ð/ ?*þurisaz "deus Thorus, gigans"
a a /a(ː)/ *ansuz "unus ab Anses (dei)"
r r /r/ *raidō "iter"
k k (c) /k/ ?*kaunan "ulcus"? (vel *kenaz "fax"?)
g g /ɡ/ *gebō "donatio"
w v /w/ *wunjō "gaudium"
h h ᚺ ᚻ h /h/ *hagalaz "glacies" (imber)
n n /n/ *naudiz "necessitās"
i i /i(ː)/ *īsaz "glacies"
j j (i) /j/ *jēra- "annus, annus bonus, messis"
ï,ei ï (æ) /æː/(?) *ī(h)waz/*ei(h)waz "taxus"
p p /p/ ?*perþ- incognitus, forsitan "pirus".
z z /z/ ?*algiz incognitus, forsitan "alces".
s s ᛊ ᛋ s /s/ *sōwilō "Sol"
t t /t/ *tīwaz/*teiwaz "deus Tiwaz"
b b /b/ *berkanan "betula"
e e /e(ː)/ *ehwaz "equus"
m m /m/ *mannaz "Homo"
l l /l/ *laguz "aqua, lacus" (forsitan *laukaz "porrum")
ŋ ŋ ŋ ᛜ ᛝ ŋ /ŋ/ *ingwaz "deus Ingwaz"
o o /o(ː)/ *ōþila-/*ōþala- "praedium"
d d /d/ *dagaz "dies"

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Ralph Warren Victor Elliott, Runes: An Introduction. Mancunii: Manchester University Press, 1981. ISBN 0-7190-0787-9