Fasciculus:Turkish - Tile with the Great Mosque of Mecca - Walters 481307 - View A.jpg

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Tile with the Great Mosque of Mecca
Anonymous (Turcia)
Unknown author
Tile with the Great Mosque of Mecca
English: The three lines of Arabic writing in the upper part of this large, ceramic wall tile are from the third chapter of the Qur'an, and exhort the Muslim faithful to make the pilgrimmage to Mecca. The rest of the tile is given over to a bird's-eye representation of the Great Mosque in Mecca, with the Ka'ba, Islam's holiest shrine, in the center surrounded by various other structures, all identified in Arabic, and a rectangular portico around the courtyard. Such tiles may have been created to remind Muslims of their obligation to make the pilgrimage and to introduce potential hajji, or pilgrims, to the places and practices they would encounter in Mecca. The plaques also may have been intended for commemoration and contemplation following a hajji's experience at the Ka'ba.
Datum saeculum 17
date QS:P571,+1650-00-00T00:00:00Z/7
(Imperium Ottomanicum
era QS:P2348,Q12560
Medium fritware with underglaze painting
Dimensions 62.4 × 35.8 × 3.5 cm
institution QS:P195,Q210081
Accession number
Place of creation Iznik (in present-day Turkey)
Object history
Exhibition history The Divine Word and Sacred Sites of Islam. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1997. Highlights from the Collection. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1998-2001. Maps: Finding Our Place in the World. The Field Museum, Chicago; The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2007-2008.
Credit line Acquired by Henry Walters, 1897
Inscriptions [Translation] From Qur'an 3: 96-97: The first House established for the people was that at Bekka (Mecca), a place holy and a guidance to all beings. Therein are clear signs- the station of Abraham, and whosoever enters it is in security. It is the duty of all men towards God to come to the House a pilgrim, if he is able to make his way there.
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