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Emberiza

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Cirl bunting cropped.jpg
Emberiza cirlus

Classis : Aves 
Ordo : Passeriformes 
Subordo : Passeri 
Infraordo : Passerida 
Familia : Emberizidae 
Vigors, 1831
Genus : Emberiza 
Linnaeus, 1758
   
Subdivisiones: Species
44. Vide commentarium.
Synonyma
*Onychospina Bonaparte, 1853
  • Onychospiza Rey, 1872 (unjustified emendation)

Emberiza est genus avium Mundi Veteris ordinis Passeriformium, solum genus familiae Emberizidarum. Quae aves plerumque seminibus vescuntur, rostris brevibus conicisque praeditae.

Taxinomia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Familia Emberizidarum olim in taxinomia scientifica maior erat, et species nunc in Passarellidas (passeros Mundi Novi) et Calcariidas digestas comprehendebat. Studia autem phylogenetica molecularia invenit familiam in cladis distictis consistere qui melius familiae separatae tractentur.[1][2]

Genus Emberiza nunc est solum genus in familiam Emberizidarum digestum.[3] Quod genus a Carolo Linnaeo, naturalista Suecico, anno 1758 in decima[en] Systematis Naturae editione introductum est.[4] Typus generis deinde Emberiza citrinella appellatus est.[5] Nomen Emberiza ex Embritz in lingua Theodisca superiore antiqua deducitur.[6]

Studium geneticum anno 2008 invenit tris species emberizidarum quae in sua genera monotypica digerebantur sese intra Emberizam colligere solebant. Quae species erant Melophus lathami, Latouchiornis siemsseni, Miliaria calandra,[7] quarum omnes nunc in genus Emberizam digeruntur.[3]

Magnum passerorum studium in DNA conditum annoque 2019 prolatum dixit Emberizas generi Calcario specieique Plectrophenaci nivali familiae Calcariidarum artissime cognatas esse.[8]

Eduardus C. Dickinson ornithologus et Leslie Christidis in quarta Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World editione Emberiza diffindunt et genera Fringillariam, Melophum, Granativoram, Emberizam, et Schoeniclum agnoscunt.[9] Quod autem exemplum neque in interretiali Handbook of the Birds of the World editione,[10] neque in indice avium omnis orbis terrarum quem Frank Gill et David Donsker pro International Ornithologists' Union tenent reicitur.[3] British Ornithologists' Union arguit genus diffindere minimum bonum praebere et taxinomiam reapse labefactare.[11]

Index specierum[recensere | fontem recensere]

Generi sunt quadraginta quattuor species.[3]

Etiam est species exstincta:

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Barker, F. K.; Burns, K. J.; Klicka, J.; Lanyon, S. M.; Lovette, I. J. (2013). "Going to extremes: contrasting rates of diversification in a recent radiation of New World passerine birds". Systematic Biology 62 (2): 298–320 
  2. Barker, F. K.; Burns, K. J.; Klicka, J.; Lanyon, S. M.; Lovette, I.J. (2015). "New insights into New World biogeography: An integrated view from the phylogeny of blackbirds, cardinals, sparrows, tanagers, warblers, and allies". Auk 132 (2): 333–346 .
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Buntings". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union .
  4. Linnaeus, Carolus (1758) (Latine). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Volume 1 (decima ed.). Holmiae:Laurentii Salvii. p. 176 .
  5. Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 5 
  6. Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. Londinii: Christopher Helm. p. 145. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4 .
  7. Alström, P.; Olsson, U.; Lei, F.; Wang, H.; Gao, W.; Sundberg, P. (2008). "Phylogeny and classification of the Old World Emberizini (Aves, Passeriformes)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47 (3): 960–973 
  8. Oliveros, C. H. (2019). "Earth history and the passerine superradiation". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 116 (16): 7916–25 .
  9. The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines (quarta ed.). Eastbourne Britanniarum Regni: Aves Press. 2014. pp. 353–357. ISBN 978-0-9568611-2-2 .
  10. del Hoyo, Joseph, ed. "Taxonomic structure and notes: Emberizidae". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions .
  11. Sangster, G. (2016). "Taxonomic recommendations for Western Palearctic birds: 11th report". Ibis 158 (1): 206–212 .

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Olsson, Urban, et Jon Curson. 1995. Buntings and Sparrows: A Guide to the Buntings and North American Sparrows. Illust. Clive Byers. Bostoniae: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 1-873403-19-4.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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