Ego, id et superego

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Diagram of Freud's theory

Id, ego, et super-ego sunt notiones creatae ab Sigismundo Freud ad modum operandi mentis humanae describendum.

Freud describit mentem humanis ut interactiones ex id, ego et super-ego. 'Ego', et aliquatenus 'super-ego', sunt conscia vel in superficiem conscia. 'Id' permanet in sensu inscio. Simul usque in personalitatem constituunt. 'Id' repraesentat elementum constanti quod semper praesens est. 'Id' regitur 'principio voluptati'. In pristinum, excolans theoriam Freud vidit vim sexuali prout singulus fons pro id. Post Belli Orbis Terrarum I tragoediam, tamen Freud addendum sensit necesse esse instinctum alium. Ergo, proposuit thanatos, mortis instinctus. Thanatos habetur pro saevo instincto hominum. 'Ego' est sensus sui, et superficies personalitatis, plerumque ostendet pars ad mundum.

The Id, ego, and super-ego are ideas created by Sigmund Freud. They are three concepts used to explain the way the human mind works.

Freud describes the human mind as interaction of id, ego, super-ego. The ego, and to some extent the super-ego, is conscious or on the surface. The id remains unconscious. Together they make up the personality.

The id represents a constant in the personality as it is always present. The id is governed by the 'pleasure principle'.

Early in the development of his theory Freud saw sexual energy as the only source of energy for the id. After the tragedy of World War I, however, Freud felt it necessary to add another instinct to the id. So, he proposed thanatos, the death instinct. Thanatos accounts for the instinctual violent urges of humankind.

The ego is the sense of self and the surface of the personality, the part you usually show the world. The ego is governed by the 'reality principle', or a practical approach to the world. It seeks to turn the id’s drive to behaviour which brings benefits in the long term rather than grief.[4]

Conscious awareness resides in the ego, although not all of the operations of the ego are conscious.

The ego separates out what is real. It helps us to organise our thoughts and make sense of them and the world around us.[1]

Super-Ego The Super-ego aims for perfection and the ideal outcome.[6] It comprises that part of the personality, mainly unconscious, which includes the individual's ego ideals, spiritual goals, and the psychic agency (commonly called "conscience") that criticises and prohibits his or her drives, fantasies, feelings, and actions.