Effectus spectatorius

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Effectus spectatorius est res psycho-socialis, quae ad talia refertur eventa, in quibus nemo ex spectatoribus qui adsunt victimae auxilium fert. Quo plures numero spectatores, eo minus veri simile est aliquem ex spectatoribus ad auxlium venturum esse.

Effectus spectatorius disputari coeptus est, postquam Kitty Genovese, femina duodetriginta annorum, Novi Eboraci coram in via stuprata ac cultello occisa est anno 1964, nec quisquam ex paene quadraginta spectatoribus ipse victimae moribundae ad auxilium venit. Quo homicidio et pigritia quadam eorum qui aderant obstupefacti psychologi sociales ceterique homines, quare eiusmodi facinus sine interventione spectatorum committi potuerit, admodum mirabantur. Ex clarissimis libris has quaestiones tractantibus est The Unresponsive Bystander: Why Doesn't He Help?, quo Bibb Latanë et Johannes M. Darley auctores experimentis causas effectus spectatorii cognoscere temptaverunt.[1] Multis enim factis experimentis cognoverunt interveniendi voluntatem eo maiorem esse, quo pauciores spectatores sunt. Et contra, quo plures spectatores, eo minor interveniendi voluntas. Quam pigritiam socialem fieri putant ex dispersione responsalitatis: ceterorum esse victimam adiuvare. At ubi primum homines de re satis periculosa agi vident, attenuatur effectus spectatorius.[2]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Latané & Darley 1970
  2. Fischer & al. 2011.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Aiello, Michael F. (2019) Should I call for help?: Examining the influences of situational factors and bystander characteristics on reporting likelihood. Journal of School Violence 18: 163-175.
  • Brewster, Mary & Tucker, Jane M. (2015) Understanding Bystander Behavior: The Influence of and Interaction Between Bystander Characteristics and Situational Factors. Victims & Offenders 455-481.
  • Fischer, P; Krueger, JI; Greitemeyer, T; Vogrincic, C; Kastenmüller, A; Frey, D; Heene, M; Wicher, M; Kainbacher, M (2011) The bystander-effect: a meta-analytic review on bystander intervention in dangerous and non-dangerous emergencies. Psychological Bulletin 137 (4): 517–537.
  • Kassin, Saul; Fein, Steven; Rose, Hazel (2010) Social Psychology (410-2)
  • Laner, Mary R. & Benin, Mary H. & Ventrone, Nicole A. (2001) Bystander attitudes toward victims of violence: who's worth helping? Deviant Behavior 22: 23-42.
  • Latané, B. & Darley, J. M. (1970) The Unresponsive Bystander: Why Doesn't He Help? Appleton-Century Crofts
  • Manning, R.; Levine, M.; Collins, A. (2007). The Kitty Genovese murder and the social psychology of helping: The parable of the 38 witnesses. American Psychologist 62: 555-562.
  • Stalder, Daniel (2008) Revisiting the issue of safety in numbers: The likelihood of receiving help from a group. Social Influence 3: 24-33.