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Cypriniformes

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Superclassis : Osteichthyes 
Classis : Actinopterygii 
Subclassis : Neopterygii 
Infraclassis : Teleostei 
Superordo : Ostariophysi 
Ordo : Cypriniformes 
Pauci Epalzeorhynchi bicolores in locis incultis hodie manent.

Cypriniformes sunt ordo Actinopterygiorum, inter quem insigniter sunt Cyprinidae et Cobitoidea. Cui ordini sunt undecim aut duodecim familiae, plus quam 400 genera, et plus quam 4250 species, nonnullis speciebus novis quotannis descriptis, ac generibus quidem novis saepe agnitis.[1][8] Diversissimi in Asia meridio-orientali adsunt, atque ab Australia et America Australi omnino absunt.[9] Veterrimus piscis inter cypriniformes, 112 annos natus, est Ictiobus cyprinellus Americae Septentrionalis.[10] Artissime cognati vivi sunt Characiformes, Gymnotiformes (Electrophorus electricus et Gymnotiformes), et Siluriformes.[11]

Systematica[recensere | fontem recensere]

Phylogenia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Phylogenia cypriniformium in aliquot operibus conditur[12][13][14][15][16]

Cypriniformes
Cyprinoidei
Cyprinoidea

Cyprinidae



Psilorhynchidae




Cobitoidei
Catostomoidea

Catostomidae



Gyrinocheiloidea

Gyrinocheilidae


Cobitoidea

Botiidae




Vaillantellidae




Cobitidae




Balitoridae




Ellopostomatidae



Nemacheilidae










Species cypriniformium exstinctae per totum orbem terrarum sunt:[17]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Cypriniformes" apud FishBase
  2. Kottelat 2012
  3. Kottelat 2012
  4. Kottelat 2012
  5. Kottelat 2012
  6. Kottelat 2012.
  7. Kottelat 2012
  8. Eschmeyer et Fong 2015.
  9. Nelson 2006.
  10. Lackmann, Alec R.; Andrews, Allen H.; Butler, Malcolm G.; Bielak-Lackmann, Ewelina S.; Clark, Mark E. (2019-05-23). "Bigmouth Buffalo Ictiobus cyprinellus sets freshwater teleost record as improved age analysis reveals centenarian longevity" (En). Communications Biology 2 (1): 197 .
  11. Saitoh et al. (2003), Briggs (2005)
  12. Slechtová, V.; Bohlen, J.; Tan, H. H. (2007). "Families of Cobitoidea (Teleostei; Cypriniformes) as revealed from nuclear genetic data and the position of the mysterious genera Barbucca, Psilorhynchus, Serpenticobitis and Vaillantella". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44 (3): 1358–65 .
  13. Chen, W.-J.; Lheknim, V.; Mayden, R. L. (2009). "Molecular phylogeny of the Cobitoidea (Teleostei: Cypriniformes) revisited: Position of enigmatic loach Ellopostomaresolved with six nuclear genes". Journal of Fish Biology 75 (9): 2197–2208 .
  14. Jörg Bohlen, Vendula Šlechtová: Phylogenetic position of the fish genus Ellopostoma (Teleostei: Cypriniformes) using molecular genetic data. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. Bd. 20, Nr. 2, 2009, S. 157-162 (PDF; 1,8 MB).
  15. Formula:Cite website.
  16. "ITIS Standard Report Page: Cyprinoidea" .
  17. IUCN (2007)

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Cypriniformes spectant.