Colonialismus

E Vicipaedia
Salire ad: navigationem, quaerere
Galea medullosa (hic Imperii Francici Alteri) est egregium colonialismi signum.

Colonialismus est exstructio conservatioque coloniarum in terra ab hominibus externis,[1] ratio qua maiestas coloniae a capite vel metropole vindicatur, dum coloniae structura socialis, administratio, oeconomia, capitale, mercatus et cultura a colonis, hominibus ex metropole, mutantur. Colonialismus ergo est copia coniunctionum imparum: inter metropolem et coloniam, et adeo inter colonos et indigenas.

Notio colonialismi usitate ad aevum historicum a saeculo quinto decimo ad saeculum vicensimum spectat, cum Europaei colonias in aliis continentibus deducerent. Causae huius colonialismi eo tempore erant:

Nonnulli coloni se, Christianitate civilizationeque adlatis, indigenas adiuvare crediderunt; veritas autem saepe fuit dominatio, deportatio, vel mors.[2] Colonia imperii plerumque parte, colonialismus cum imperialismo et mercantilismo arte conectus est.[3]

Definitiones colonialismi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Collins English Dictionary colonialismum definit ut "consilia coloniarum adquirendarum et conservandarum, praesertim ad utilitatem capiendam."[4]

Merriam-Webster Dictionary quattuor definitiones praebet, quarum duae sunt "aliquid coloniae proprium" (Anglice something characteristic of a colony) et "dicio potestatis unius super regionem vel nationem obnoxiam" (control by one power over a dependent area or people).[5]

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy "verbum colonialismi adhibet ut describatur ratio deductionis coloniae et dicionis politicae super reliquum mundum, Americis, Australia, et partibus Africae Asiaeque non exclusis."[6] Illa encyclopedia, distinctionem colonialismi imperialismique disceptans, inquit: "Propter difficultatem horum verborum constanter distinguendorum, hic commentarius colonialismo utebitur ut notio lata, quae ad rationem Europaeae dicionis politicae a saeculo sexto decimo ad saeculum vicensimum spectat, quae in motibus liberationis civitatum decennio 196 finivit."[7]

Robertus Clive et familia cum serva Indica, imago a Iosua Reynolds picta, anno 1765.

Rogerius Tignor, in praefatione libri Colonialism: A Theoretical Overview, ab Jürgen Osterhammel scripti, inquit: "Osterhammel putat naturam colonialismi esse quod coloniae sunt, quae secundum definitionem dissimiliter gubernantur ab aliis territoriis, sicut protectoratus et haud sollemni more sphaerae ponderis."[8] Osterhammel hoc in libro rogat "quomodo colonialismum et coloniam distingui posse,"[9] et definitionem trium sententiarum producit:

Colonialism is a relationship between an indigenous (or forcibly imported) majority and a minority of foreign invaders. The fundamental decisions affecting the lives of the colonized people are made and implemented by the colonial rulers in pursuit of interests that are often defined in a distant metropolis. Rejecting cultural compromises with the colonized population, the colonisers are convinced of their own superiority and their ordained mandate to rule.[10]

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Stalin (a tergo, alter a dextra) et alii observant dum Molotov Pactum Molotov-Ribbentrop signat, die 24 Augusti 1939.
Imperium Romanum Traiano imperatore, anno 117
Territoria ab Imperio Ottomano? victa

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "Colonialism," Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Colonialism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) apud plato.stanford.edu.
  2. Smallpox: Eradicating the Scourge, BBC History, BBC - History - Smallpox: Eradicating the Scourge apud www.bbc.co.uk.
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named dk
  4. "The policy of acquiring and maintaining colonies, especially for exploitation." "Colonialism". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. 2010 
  5. "Colonialism". Merriam-Webbster. Merriam-Webster. 2010 
  6. "uses the term 'colonialism' to describe the process of European settlement and political control over the rest of the world, including Americas, Australia, and parts of Africa and Asia." Margaret Kohn (2006). "Colonialism". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University 
  7. "Given the difficulty of consistently distinguishing between the two terms, this entry will use colonialism as a broad concept that refers to the project of European political domination from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries that ended with the national liberation movements of the 1960s." Margaret Kohn (2006). "Colonialism". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University 
  8. "For Osterhammel, the essence of colonialism is the existence of colonies, which are by definition governed differently from other territories such as protectorates or informal spheres of influence." Tignor, Roger (2005). preface to Colonialism: a theoretical overview. Markus Weiner Publishers. p. x. ISBN 1558763406, 9781558763401 
  9. "How can 'colonialism' be defined independently from 'colony'?" Osterhammel, Jürgen (2005). Colonialism: a theoretical overview. trans. Shelley Frisch. Markus Weiner Publishers. p. 15. ISBN 1558763406, 9781558763401 
  10. Osterhammel, Jürgen (2005). Colonialism: A Theoretical Overview. trans. Shelley Frisch. Markus Weiner Publishers. p. 16. ISBN 1558763406, 9781558763401 

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Gulielmina Regina Nederlandiae Institutum Coloniale (nunc Tropenmuseum) Amstelodami anno 1926 inaugurat.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]


stipula Haec pagina est stipula. Amplifica, si potes!

Mille Paginae.png