Chromosoma

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Chromosoma seipsum duplicans in metaphase: 1, Chromatidium; 2, Centromerum; 3, Bracchium breve; 4, Bracchium longum

Chromosoma (-atis, n.)[1][2][3] (e verbis Graecis χρῶμα color et σῶμα corpus) est structura complexa a proteinis et moleculis ADN constituta, quae cellulae instructiones hereditarias (id est genoma) continet.

Chromosomata humana[recensere | fontem recensere]

Chromosoma Gena[4] Numerus basium conexarum  % basium Bases conexae interpretatae[5] Imago
1 2000 247,199,719 8.0 224,999,719 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 1 cropped.png
2 1300 242,751,149 7.9 237,712,649 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 2 cropped.png
3 1000 199,446,827 6.5 194,704,827 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 3 cropped.png
4 1000 191,263,063 6.2 187,297,063 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 4 cropped.png
5 900 180,837,866 5.9 177,702,766 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 5 cropped.png
6 1000 170,896,993 5.5 167,273,993 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 6 cropped.png
7 900 158,821,424 5.2 154,952,424 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 7 cropped.png
8 700 146,274,826 4.7 142,612,826 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 8 cropped.png
9 800 140,442,298 4.6 120,312,298 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 9 cropped.png
10 700 135,374,737 4.4 131,624,737 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 10 cropped.png
11 1300 134,452,384 4.4 131,130,853 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 11 cropped.png
12 1100 132,289,534 4.3 130,303,534 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 12 cropped.png
13 300 114,127,980 3.7 95,559,980 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 13 cropped.png
14 800 106,360,585 3.5 88,290,585 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 14 cropped.png
15 600 100,338,915 3.3 81,341,915 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 15 cropped.png
16 800 88,822,254 2.9 78,884,754 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 16 cropped.png
17 1200 78,654,742 2.6 77,800,220 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 17 cropped.png
18 200 76,117,153 2.5 74,656,155 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 18 cropped.png
19 1500 63,806,651 2.1 55,785,651 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 19 cropped.png
20 500 62,435,965 2.0 59,505,254 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 20 cropped.png
21 200 46,944,323 1.5 34,171,998 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 21 cropped.png
22 500 49,528,953 1.6 34,893,953 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 22 cropped.png
X 800 154,913,754 5.0 151,058,754 Human male karyotpe high resolution - X chromosome cropped.png
Y 50 57,741,652 1.9 25,121,652 Human male karyotpe high resolution - Y chromosome cropped.png
Total 21,000 3,079,843,747 100.0 2,857,698,560

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. G. D. Arnaudov (1964), Terminologia medica polyglotta: Latinum-Bulgarski-Russkij-English-Français-Deutsch (Serdicae: Editio medicina et physcultura).
  2. William T. Stearn (1983), Botanical Latin: History, grammar, syntax, terminology and vocabulary, editio 3 (Newton Abbot Londinii: David Charles).
  3. Federative International Committee on Anatomical Terminology (FICAT) (2005). Terminologia Histologica. International terms for human cytology and histology. Philadelphiae/Baltimorae/Novi Eboraci/Londinii/in Bono Aëre/Honcongi/Sydneii/Tokii: Wolter Kluwers-Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  4. "Ensembl genome browser 71: Homo sapiens – Chromosome summary – Chromosome 1: 1–1,000,000" 
  5. Solum regiones genomatis euchromaticae determinatae sunt, non telomeres et centromeres et alias regiones heterochromaticas; vide → http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/seq/ (Human Genome Project).

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