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Capsicum dulce (fructus)

E Vicipaedia
Capsica dulcia matura rubra cum lumiis, alliis, capsicis viridibus Vicuña in urbe Chiliae venditata

Capsicum dulce est fructus sapore mitis qui e varietatibus nonnullis speciei Capsici annui provenit. Hoc nomen ad Capsicum dulce appellationem novae speciei botanicae a Michaele Felice Dunal statutum, ab Alphonso de Candolle anno 1852 divulgatum, hodie reiicitur.[1] Fructus autem in pluribus linguis hodiernis a varietatibus sapore pungentiore nominibus specialibus distinguitur, e.g. Francogallice poivron, Italiane peperone, Lusitane pimentão-doce, Theodisce Paprika.

Albertus Szent-Györgyi, qui cum Iosepho Svirbely vitamini C primum invenerat,[2] capsica dulcia Hungara fontem copiosissimum vitamini C esse monstravit.[3][4]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Pimentão-cornicabra, pimentão-doce, pimenteiro, pimento (fruto), pimento-comum ... Variedades: Capsicum umbellicatum Vellozo (Pimentão maça), Capsicum longum de Candolle (Pimentão Chifre da cabra), Capsicum cordiforme Mill. (Chama-se em Portugal: Pimenta de cheiro ou Pimenta da terra: vide Plantas de Angola
  2. Joseph Louis Svirbely, Albert Szent-Györgyi, "The Chemical Nature of Vitamin C" pars i pars ii in Biochemical Journal vol. 26 (1932) pp. 865-870, vol. 27 (1933) pp. 279-285
  3. Banga et Szent-Györgyi (1934)
  4. As it happened, Szeged is the center of the paprika (red pepper) industry. Paprika was not available at Cambridge. I once saw it on the market but the vendor cautioned me that it was poisonous. One night [at Szeged] we had fresh red pepper for supper. I did not feel like eating it and thought of a way out. Suddenly it occurred to me that this was practically the only plant I had never tested. I took it to the laboratory and about midnight I knew that it was a treasure chest of vitamin C, containing 2 mg per gram. A few weeks later I had kilograms of crystalline vitamin C which I distributed all over the world among researchers who wanted to work on it. This made complete analysis and synthesis possible: Albert Szent-Györgyi, "Lost in the Twentieth Century" in Annual Review of Biochemistry vol. 32 (1963) pp. 1-14

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