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Archaeologia

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Cavatores Pompeiis.

Archaeologia est scientia exstantium antiquitatum, quae multum historiae auxilium confert. Etenim, velut scientia rerum antiquarum, non solum historiae scriptis, sed etiam inscriptionibus, aedificiis, supellectilibus, ornamentis, sepulcris, ceterisque rebus ad humanam vitam pertinentibus quae auxilium supersunt ducit.

Nomen archaeologiae a vocabulis Graecis ἀρχαῖος archaios 'antiquus' et λόγος logos 'studium' deducitur.

Prospectus[recensere | fontem recensere]

Saepe labor archaeologicus est per agros ambulare, fictilia colligendi causa. Archaeologi hunc modum prospectionem vocant. Prospectio archaeologica ita est modus agrorum et montium recensendorum et indiciorum archaeologicorum colendorum. In prospectione ambulanti per agrum, archaeologi in singulam lineam ambulant, in spatiis aequis dispersi. Tandem in charta agri inventa collocant. Postea, res collectae in laboratoriis explicantur. Saepe ante ambulationem, archaeologi studium de regione faciunt in libris antiquis aut incolis inquaerens.

Adsunt aliae rationes prospectionis praeter ambulationem. Photographia aerea est studium imaginum locorum, ut monumenta aut relicta monumentorum ab aere videri possint. Quoque adsunt rationes prospectionis per geophysicam.

Saepe prospectio est studium praevium fossionis.

Chronologia absoluta[recensere | fontem recensere]

Adsunt methodae permultae, per quas possibile est aetatem accurate rerum aut obiectorum investigare. Praeclarae methodae declinationis atomorum radiactivorum in usu sunt.

Carbonium 14[recensere | fontem recensere]

Carbonium 14 est methoda ad calculandam aetatem rerum archaeologicarum, solim si rebus insunt materiae substantiae organicae. Inventa est haec methoda anno 1949, a W. F. Libby.

Dendrochronologia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Dendrochronologia est disciplina chronologica, quae aetatem lignorum et tabularum dat, ob comparationem inter annullos arborum.

Chronologia relativa[recensere | fontem recensere]

Searchtool.svg Si plus cognoscere vis, vide Terminus post quem

Stratigraphia est studium stratuum in quodam loco archaeologico. Ob legem superimpositionis stratuum, stratus profundissimus est stratus veterrimus.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

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  • Ascher, R. (1961), "Experimental Archeology", American Anthropologist 63 (4): 793–816 
  • Billman, B. R.; Feinman, G. (1999), Settlement Pattern Studies in the Americas: Fifty Years Since Virú, Vasingtoniae: Smithsonian Institution Press 
  • Binford, Lewis (1962), "Archaeology as Anthropology", American Antiquity (Society for American Archaeology) 28 (4): 217–25 
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  • Flannery, K. V. (1982), "The Golden Marshalltown: A Parable for the Archaeology of the 1980s", American Anthropologist 84 (2): 265–78 
  • Fraser, Julius Thomas; Francis C. Haber (1986), Time, Science, and Society in China and the West, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press 
  • Glascock, M. D.; Neff, H.; Stryker, K. S.; Johnson, T. N. (1994), "Sourcing Archaeological Obsidian by an Abbreviated NAA Procedure", Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 180: 29–35 
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  • Gould, R. (1971), "The Archaeologist as Ethnographer: A Case from the Western Desert of Australia", World Archaeology 3 (2): 143–77 
  • Gould, R.; Koster, D. A.; Sontz, A. H. L. (1971), "The Lithic Assemblage of the Western Desert Aborigines of Australia", American Antiquity 36 (2): 149–69 
  • Gould, R.; Yellen, J. (1987), "Man the Hunted: Determinants of Household Spacing in Desert and Tropical Foraging Societies", Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 6: 77 
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  • Hodder, Ian (1982), Symbols in Action, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 
  • Hodder, Ian (1985), "Post-Processual Archaeology", in Schiffer, M. B., Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Novi Eboraci: Academic Press 
  • Hodder, Ian, ed. (1987), The Archaeology of Contextual Meaning, Novi Eboraci: Cambridge University Press 
  • Hodder, Ian (1990), "Style as Historical Quality", in Hastorf, M. C. A. C., The Uses of Style in Archaeology, Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press 
  • Hodder, Ian (1991), "Interpretive Archaeology and Its Role", American Antiquity (Society for American Archaeology) 56 (1): 7–18 
  • Hodder, Ian (1992), Theory and Practice in Archaeology, Londinii: Routeldge 
  • Kuznar, L, ed. (2001), Ethnoarchaeology of Andean South America, Ann Arbor: International Monographs in Prehistory 
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  • Miller, D.; Rowlands, M.; Tilley, C., eds. (1989), Dominion and Resistance, Novi Eboraci: Routledge 
  • Mortillet, Gabriel de. 1883. Le préhistorique: antiquité de l'homme. Lutetiae: Reinwald. Textus apud archive.org.
  • Ogundele, S. O. (2005), "Ethnoarchaeology of Domestic Space and Spatial Behaviour Among the Tiv and Ungwai of Central Nigeria", African Archaeological Review 22: 25–54 
  • Pauketat, Timothy R. (2001), "Practice and History in Archaeology: An Emerging Paradigm", Anthropological Theory 1: 73–98 
  • Renfrew, Colin; Bahn, P. G. (1991), Archaeology: Theories, Methods, and Practice, Londinii: Thames and Hudson, ISBN 978-0-500-27867-3 
  • Saraydar, S.; Shimada, I. (1971), "A Quantitative Comparison of Efficiency between a Stone Axe and a Steel Axe", American Antiquity 36 (2): 216–17 
  • Saraydar, S. C.; Shimada, I. (1973), "Experimental Archaeology: A New Outlook", American Antiquity 38 (3): 344–50 
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  • Shanks, M.; Tilley, C. (1988), Social Theory and Archaeology, Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, ISBN 978-0-7456-0184-7 
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  • Shanks, M. (1993), "Style and the design of a perfume jar from an Archaic Greek city state", Journal of European Archaeology 1: 77–106 
  • Shott, M. J.; Sillitoe, P. (2005), "Use life and curation in New Guinea experimental used flakes", Journal of Archaeological Science 32 (5): 653–63 
  • Tassie, G. J.; Owens, L. S. (2010), Standards of Archaeological Excavations: A Fieldguide to the Methology, Recording Techniques and Conventions, Londinii: GHP, ISBN 978-1-906137-17-5 
  • Taylor, W. W. (1948), A Study of Archaeology, Menasha: American Anthropological Association, ISBN 978-0-906367-12-4 
  • Tilley, Christopher, ed. (1993), Interpretive Archaeology, Oxoniae: Berg, ISBN 978-0-85496-842-8 
  • Trigger, B. G. (1989), A History of Archaeological Thought, Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press 
  • Watters, M. R. (1992), Principles of Geoarchaeology: A North American Perspective, Tucsoniae: The University of Arizona Press 
  • Watters, M. R. (2000), "Alluvial stratigraphy and geoarchaeology in the American Southwest", Geoarchaeology 15 (6): 537–57 
  • Willey, Gordon R. (1953), Prehistoric Settlement Patterns in the Virú Valley, Perú, Vasingtoniae 
  • Willey, Gordon R. (1968), Settlement Archaeology, Palo Alto: National Press 
  • Wylie, A. (1985), "The Reaction Against Analogy", in Schiffer, Michael B., Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Orlando Foridae: Academic Press, pp. 63–111 
  • Yellen, J. (1977), Archaeological Approaches to the Present, Novi Eboraci: Academic Press, ISBN 978-0-12-770350-3 
  • Yellen, J.; Harpending, H. (1972), "Hunter-Gatherer Populations and Archaeological Inference", World Archaeology 4 (2): 244–53 

Nexus interni

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad archaeologiam spectant.