Anglocatholicismus

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Anglocatholicismus est factio in Ecclesia Anglicana, quae doctrinas et consuetudinem Ecclesiae Catholicae affirmat. [1][2]

Saeculo undevicesimo fictum est hoc nomen Anglocatholicismus,[3] etsi antea fuerant motus pro confessione Catholica in Ecclesia Anglicana. [4][5] 1883 incepit Motus Oxoniensis in Universitate Oxoniense, qui Ecclesiam Anglicanam induxit in aetatem "renovationis Catholicae".[6]

Pauci Anglocatholici praestantiam Papae affirmant, quamvis non sint in communione Ecclesiae Catholicae Romanae.

Historia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Henricus VIII, rex Angliae Ecclesiam Anglicanam ab Ecclesia Catholica Romana divisit statim secundum constitutionem Decreti Principatus (Anglice Act of Supremacy), oboediebat autem Ecclesia Anglicana doctrinas catholicas, nec ullam disciplinam mutare cupiebat.[7] Mutatio doctrinis non fiebat usque ad regnum Eduardi VI, filii Henrici, qui Sex Capitula (Anglice Six Articles) abrogavit, igitur adscivit Ecclesia Anglicana doctrinas Protestantis etiam magis. Sub regina Maria Maria I (regina Angliae) brevi reconcilata est Ecclesia Anglicana cum Ecclesia Catholica Romana ante Constitutionem religiosam Elizabethanam, quae Viam Mediam in Ecclesia Anglicana instituit atque hanc ecclesiam etiam separavit[8].

Caroline Divines, theologi Anglicae insignes, qui Calvinismo et Puritanis adversantur saeculo XVII[9] , Motus Oxoniensis incitaverunt[10]. 1833 fecit Ioannes Keble in Universitate Oxoniense orationem ad "apotasiam gentilis" (Anglice "National Apotasy"), ut Motus Oxoniensis inciperet. Praecipue erat consilium eius motus renovatio morum rituumque catholicorum, atque conservatio ordinis veti episcoporum, quasi successores apostolorum, dum doctrinae liberales reiciebantur.

Doctrinae Theologiae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Magni aestimant Anglocatholici mores ecclesiae antiquae integrae, ac auctoritatem eius per scripturam. 1572 Matthaeus Parker, Cantuariae archiepiscopus edidit De Antiquitate Britannicae Ecclesiae, in quo fontem Ecclesiae Anglicanae investigavit, et scripsit "ecclesiam vetus Britanniae Ecclesiae Catholicae Romanae ad cardinem discrepare, itaque alium morem ecclesiae patristicae proferre." [11] Dissentiunt Anglocatholici ab Catholicis Romanis de Undequadraginta Articula de Religione, nam Anglocatholici Undequadraginta Articula affirmant, quoniam in quibus sententiae de fide catholica contineri censent.[12] Credunt Anglocatholici adventum verum Christi in Eucharistia, sicut Catholici Romani,[13][14] sed non accipiunt plerusque Anglocatholici auctoritatem infallibilitatemque Papae.[15]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Booty, John E.; Sykes, Stephen; Knight, Jonathan (1 January 1998). The Study of Anglicanism. Fortress Press. p. 314. ISBN 9781451411188 
  2. Buchanan, Colin (4 August 2009). The A to Z of Anglicanism. Scarecrow Press. p. 510. ISBN 9780810870086 
  3. "Anglo-Catholic, adj. and n.", OED (online ed.), Oxford University Press, December 2011 .
  4. Clutterbuck, Ivan (1993), Marginal Catholics, Gracewing, p. 9, ISBN 978-0-85244-234-0 .
  5. Cavanaugh, Stephen (2011), Anglicans and the Roman Catholic Church: Reflections on Recent Developments, Ignatius, ISBN 978-1-58617-499-6 .
  6. Cobb, John B; Wildman, Wesley J (1998), Fidelity with Plausibility: Modest Christologies in the Twentieth Century, State University of New York Press, p. 94, ISBN 978-0-7914-3595-3 .
  7. Scruton, Roger (1996). A Dictionary of Political Thought. Macmillan. p. 470. Formula:ISBN
  8. Dickens, AG (1991), The English Reformation, Pennsylvania State University Press, p. 403, ISBN 978-0-271-00798-4 .
  9. Betz, Hans Dieter (2006), Religion Past and Present, et al, Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-14608-2 .
  10. Katerberg, William (2001), Modernity and the Dilemma of North American Anglican Identities, 1880–1950, McGill-Queen's University Press, p. 12, ISBN 978-0-7735-2160-5 .
  11. Davies, Oliver; O'Loughlin, Thomas (1999). Celtic Spirituality. Paulist Press. p. 7. ISBN 9780809138944 
  12. Albion, Gordon (1935). Charles I and the Court of Rome: A Study in 17th Century Diplomacy. Burns, Oates & Washbourne, Limited. p. 169 
  13. Herbert Stowe, Walter (1932). "Anglo-Catholicism: What It Is Not and What It Is". Church Literature Association 
  14. Lears, T. J. Jackson (1981). Antimodernism and the Transformation of American Culture, 1880-1920. University of Chicago Press. p. 202. ISBN 9780226469706 
  15. Stowe, Walter Herbert (1932). "Anglo-Catholicism: What It Is Not and What It Is". London: Church Literature Association