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Alaudidae

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Alauda arvensis 2.jpg

Subphylum : Vertebrata 
Classis : Aves 
Ordo : Passeriformes 
Subordo : Passeri 
Superfamilia : Sylvioidea 
   
Subdivisiones: Genera
Vide commentarium.

Alaudidae sunt familia avium ordinis Passeriformium. Quibus sunt distributio cosmopolita, maximo specierum numero in Africa invento. Una species, Eremophila alpestris, in America Septentrionali, una quoque, Mirafra javanica, in Australia fit. Habitationes naturales late variant, sed multae species regionibus siccis utuntur.

Taxinomia et systematica[recensere | fontem recensere]

Familia anno 1825 a Nicolao Aylward Vigors, zoologo Hibernico, introducta est, subfamilia Alaudina inter Fringillidas digesta.[1][2] Alaudidae sunt familia bene definita, partim ob formam earum tarsi.[3] Eis sunt multa scutae in posteriore tarsorum latere, contra unam laminam in plurimis passeris inventam. Etiam pessulo carent, structura ossea in media passerorum syringe.[4]

Genera exstantia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Alaudidis sunt 98 species exstantes, quae in viginti unum genera digeruntur.[5]

Imago Genus Species exstantes
Greater Hoopoe Lark - Kutch, crop.jpg Alaemon
Keyserling & Blasius, 1840
Spike-heeled lark 2018 03 10 13 20 38 3271.jpg Chersomanes Cabanis, 1851
Gray's Lark.jpg Ammomanopsis Bianchi, 1905
Eastern Long-billed Lark (Certhilauda semitorquata) calling ... (30544868485), crop.jpg Certhilauda Swainson, 1827
Dusky Lark (Pinarocorys nigricans) (6029254985).jpg Pinarocorys Shelley, 1902
Alouette de Clot Bey Ramphocoris clotbey.jpg Ramphocoris Bonaparte, 1850
Rufous-tailed Lark (Ammomanes phoenicurus) in Kawal WS, AP W IMG 2004.jpg Ammomanes Cabanis, 1851
Fisher's Sparrow-Lark - Tanzania 2008-03-01 0063 (16759772588).jpg Eremopterix Formula:Small
Pink-breasted Lark - KenyaIMG 6762 (16740113947).jpg Calendulauda Blyth, 1855
Heteromirafra ruddi, Wakkerstroom, Birding Weto, a.jpg Heteromirafra Grant, 1913
Flappet Lark, Sakania, DR Congo (16025285505), crop.jpg Mirafra Horsfield, 1821
Lullula arborea (Ján Svetlík).jpg Lullula Kaup, 1829
Pseudalaemon fremantlii -East Africa-8.jpg Spizocorys Sundevall, 1872
Alauda arvensis 2.jpg Alauda Linnaeus, 1758
Syke's Lark Galerida deva by Dr. Raju Kasambe DSCN5681 (2).jpg Galerida Linnaeus, 1758
Shore Lark.jpg Eremophila F. Boie, 1828
Red-capped lark, Calandrella cinerea, at Mapungubwe National Park, Limpopo, South Africa (23514690044).jpg Calandrella Kaup, 1829
Melanocorypha calandra.jpg Melanocorypha F. Boie, 1828
Dupont's Lark, Morocco 1 (crop) (cropped).jpg Chersophilus Sharpe, 1890
Dunn's Lark.jpg Eremalauda W. L. Sclater, 1926
Terrera marismeña (Calandrella rufescens) (8649673388) (2) (cropped).jpg Alaudala Horsfield & Moore, 1858

Genera exstincta[recensere | fontem recensere]

Deliciae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Sinenses qui aviculturae faveant alaudidas delicias habent, ubi vocationes aliorum passerorum animaliumque imitari docentur. Alaudidas tredecim genera sonorum ordine stricto urbani praecipue Pecini docent, tredecim alaudidarum carmina (Mandarinice 百灵十三套) appellata. Aves quae omnia carmina ordine recto canere possunt magni pretii sunt, nam interruptiones ordinis pretium magnopere imminuunt.[6]

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Bock, Walter J. (1994). History and Nomenclature of Avian Family-Group Names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Number 222. Novi Eboraci: American Museum of Natural History. pp. 149, 264 
  2. Vigors, Nicholas Aylward (1825). "On the arrangement of the genera of birds". Zoological Journal 2: 391–405 [398] .
  3. Ridgway, Robert (1907). "The Birds of North and Middle America, Part IV". Bulletin of the United States National Museum 50: 289–90 .
  4. Ames, Peter L. (1971). The morphology of the syrinx in passerine birds. Bulletin 37, Peabody Museum of Natural History. Portu Novo Connecticutae: Yale University Press. p. 104 .
  5. Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Nicators, reedling, larks". World Bird List Version 8.2. International Ornithologists' Union .
  6. Jin, Shoushen (2005). 金受申讲北京. Pecini: Beijing Press. ISBN 9787200057935 .

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Pätzold, Rudolf. 1994. Die Lerchen der Welt: Alaudidae. Magdeburgi: Westarp Wissenschaften. ISBN 3894324228.
  • Meinertzhagen, R. 1951. "Review of the Alaudidae." Journal of Zoology 121 (1): 81–132. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1951.tb00739.x.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Alaudidas spectant.
Wikispecies-logo.svg Vide "Alaudidas" apud Vicispecies.
Wikiquote-logo.svg Vicicitatio habet citationes quae ad Alaudidas spectant.
Wikidata-logo.svg Situs scientifici:  • ITIS • NCBI • Biodiversity • Encyclopedia of Life • WoRMS: Marine Species • Fossilworks