Victor IV (antipapa 1159-1164)

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Victor IV , nomine nativo Octaviano de' Crescenzi Ottaviani de Monticelli (natus Tiburi anno 1095 ; Lucae mortuus die 20 Aprilis 1164) fuit antipapa ab anno 1159 usque ad mortem, id est sub pontificatu papae Alexandri III. Ab imperatore Friderico I favebatur.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • F. Barlow, "The English, Norman and French Councils Called to Deal with the Papal Schism of 1159" in English Historical Review vol. 51 (1936)
  • H. Boehmer, "Carmina ad schisma Alexandrinum pertinentia" in Monumenta Germaniae historica ~ Libelli de lite vol. 3 (1897) pp. 547-554
  • Mary G. Cheney, "The Recognition of Pope Alexander III" in English Historical Review vol. 84 (1969)
  • Bruno W. Häuptli, "VICTOR IV. (Victor V., Ottaviano de' Monticelli), Gegenpapst" in Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon  vol. 23 (Nordhausen, 2004. ISBN 3-88309-155-3) , columnae 1533–1536
  • P. Kehr, "Zur Geschichte Victors IV."in Neues Archiv vol. 46 (1926)
  • I. S. Robinson, The Papacy, 1073–1198: Continuity and Innovation (Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press, 1990) pp. 472-497
  • H. Schwarzmaier, "Zur Familie Viktors IV. in der Sabina" in Quellen und Forschungen aus italienischen Archiven und Bibliotheken vol. 48 (1968)

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]


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