Sophiologia

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Theotokos ut Sophia, Sapientia Sacra. Icon Ucrainiana, Kioviae inventa, 1812.
Depictio mystica Sophiae in Geheime Figuren der Rosenkreuzer, Altonae, 1785.

Sophiologia (Graece Σοφία 'sapientia' + logos 'studium') est notio philosophica de sapientia notioque theologica de sapientia unius dei. Sophiologia radices in civilizatione Hellenistica et Platonismo agit, quia Sophia maiores partes in paene omnibus Christianitatis Gnosticae sectis egit. Alii Sophiam deitatem sui iuris; alii eam vicariam Nuptae Christi (Apocalypsis 19), alii femineum Dei aspectum, sapientiam repraesentantem (Proverbia 8 et 9), aliique notionem theologicam de sapientia Dei vident.

Christianitas[recensere | fontem recensere]

Ecclesia Orthodoxa[recensere | fontem recensere]

In Ecclesia Orthodoxa, sophiologia sophianismum valere habetur, qui haeresia condemnatus est a Patriarcha Moscuensi[1] aliisque Orthodoxis hierarchis, qui "doctrinam Archipresbyteri Sergii Bulgakov de Sophia Sapientia Dei hereticam agnoscere" constituerunt.[2][3] Repraesentationes personificatae Sapientiae Sacrae (Ἁγία Σοφία), vel Sapientiae Dei, inter Orthodoxos ad personam Iesu Christi attingunt, ut in actis Concilii Oecumenici Septimi monstratur: "Our Lord Jesus Christ, our true God, the self-existent Wisdom of God the Father, Who manifested Himself in the flesh, and by His great and divine dispensation (lit., economy) freed us from the snares of idolatry, clothing Himself in our nature, restored it through the cooperation of the Spirit, Who shares His mind."[4] Recentius, adfirmatum est, "Ex aevo antiquo, multae civitates Orthodoxae templa Domino Iesu Christo ut Sophia Dei consecraverunt."[5][6] Sunt quidem icones et cathedrales Orthodoxae quibus sunt nomina propria saepe 'Sancta Sophia' appellata, sed ad certum hominem Sophia appellatum, humanum aut divinum, non attingunt; potius, translata falsa locutionis Ἁγία Σοφία ('Sapientia Sacra') sunt, quae est consuetudo in Ecclesiis Orthodoxis ad attingendum Christum adhibita.

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Homines

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "The teaching of Professor and Archpriest S. N. Bulgakov—which, by its peculiar and arbitrary (Sophian) interpretation, often distorts the dogmas of the Orthodox faith, which in some of its points directly repeats false teachings already condemned by conciliar decisions of the Church" Moscow Patriarchate (1935) Decision No. 93.
  2. Anglice: "recognize the teaching of Archpriest Sergei Bulgakov on Sophia the Wisdom of God as heretical."
  3. Bishops' Council of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, Decision of the Bishops' Council of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad of the 17/30 October 1935 concerning the new teaching of Archpriest Sergei Bulgakov on Sophia, the Wisdom of God.
  4. Actus Concilii Secundi Nicaeensis, http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/nicea2.html.
  5. Anglice: "From the most ancient times and onwards many Orthodox countries have been consecrating churches to the Lord Jesus Christ as the Wisdom of God."
  6. Seraphim Sobolev, The New Teaching Concerning Sophia the Wisdom of God (1935), p. 121.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Bulgakov, Sergei. 1993. Sophia, the Wisdom of God: An Outline of Sophiology. Library of Russian Philosophy. Lindisfarne Books. ISBN 0940262606, ISBN 9780940262607.
  • Donskikh, Oleg A. 1995. Cultural Roots of Russian Sophiology. Sophia 34(2):38–57.
  • Hunt, Priscilla. 2000. The Novgorod Sophia Icon and "The Problem of Old Russian Culture" Between Orthodoxy and Sophiology. Symposion: A Journal of Russian Thought 4–5:1–41.
  • Hunt, Priscilla. 2007. Confronting the End: The Interpretation of the Last Judgment in a Novgorod Wisdom Icon. Byzantino-Slavica 65:275-325.
  • Hunt, Priscilla. 2009. The Wisdom Iconography of Light: The Genesis, Meaning and Iconographic Realization of a Symbol. Byzantinoslavica 67.
  • Hunt, Priscilla. 2006. Andrei Rublev’s Old Testament Trinity Icon in Cultural Context. In The Trinity: Sergius Lavr in Russian History and Culture. Readings in Russian Religious Culture, 3, ed. Deacon Vladimir Tsurikov, 99–122. Jordanville Novi Eboraci: Holy Trinity Seminary Press.
  • Matthews, Caitlin. 1991. Sophia: Goddess of Wisdom. Londinii: Mandala. ISBN 0044405901.
  • Meehan, Brenda, 1996. Wisdom/Sophia, Russian Identity, and Western Feminist Theology. Cross Currents 46(2):149–168.
  • Newman, Barbara. 2002. God and the Goddesses: Vision, Poetry, and Belief in the Middle Ages. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 9780812236910.
  • Schipflinger, Thomas. 1998. Sophia-Maria.. ISBN 1578630223.
  • Sergeev, Mikhail. 2007. Sophiology in Russian Orthodoxy: Solov’ev, Bulgakov, Losskii, Berdiaev. Edwin Mellen Press. ISBN 0773456090, ISBN 9780773456099.
  • Versluis, Arthur. 1994. Theosophia: Hidden Dimensions of Christianity. Hudson Novi Eboraci: Lindisfarne Press. ISBN 0940262649.*Versluis, Arthur. 1999. Wisdom’s Children: A Christian Esoteric Tradition. Albaniae Novi Eboraci: SUNY Press. ISBN 0791443302.
  • Versluis, Arthur, ed. 2000. Wisdom’s Book: The Sophia Anthology. St. Paul Minnesotae: Paragon House. ISBN 1557787832.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

In aliis traditionibus[recensere | fontem recensere]