Oratio Gettysburgensis

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Solum confirmatum Abrahami Lincoln photographema per caerimonias Gettysburgi, circa meridiem factum. Dextra Lincoln parte est Ward Hill Lamon, satelles.

Oratio Gettysburgensis fuit commemoratissima oratio in historia Civitatum Foederatarum,[1][2][3] ab Abrahamo Lincoln scripta et data cum Nationalia Gettysburgi Sepulcra prope Gettysburgum Pennsilvaniae contione post meridiem diei Iovis, 19 Novembris 1863, dedicaret, proelium Gettysburgi commemorans. Hoc accidit per Bellum Civile Americanum, quattuor et dimidiis mensibus postquam Exercitus Unionis in Proelio Gettysburgi Exercitus Confoederationis vicerant.

Abrahami Lincoln contio, quamquam aliis orationibus illo die minoris momenti existimata, mox habita est una gravissimarum in historia Americana orationum. Vix duo minuta, ipse principia aequalitatis humanae a Declaratione Libertatis comprehensa invocavit, et Bellum Civile denuo definivit certamen non solum pro Unione, sed sicut "novus libertatis ortus," qui veram omnibus civibus adferat aequalitatem, et rem publicam gignat in qua iura civitatum non iam dominata sunt.

Incipiens Four score and seven years ago ('Abhinc annos octoginta et septem'), verbis nunc insignissimis, Lincoln eventus Belli Civilis aestimavit, et caerimonias Gettysburgi descripsit, occasionem non solum ad humum sepulcrorum consecrandum, sed etiam ad vivos luctationi dedicandos, adeo "ne gubernatio de populo, per populum, pro populo, pereat ex terra."

Tametsi orationi Gettysburgi est locus prominens in historia et populari Civitatum Foederatarum cultura, exacta orationis verba sunt incerta. Quinque confirmata orationis manuscripta a diariis contemporaneis inter se singulis differunt.

Textus[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Milites Unionis interfecti. Photographema a Timothaeo H. O'Sullivan factum post Proelium Gettysburgi, die 5 Iulii vel 6 Iulii 1863.
  1. "Few documents in the growth of American democracy are as well known or as beloved as the prose poem Abraham Lincoln delivered at the dedication of the military cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania." archivedate=2007-08-13 Prooemium ad Abrahami Lincoln Orationem Gettysburgi, United States Department of State.
  2. "It is one of the most famous and most quoted of modern speeches." "Gettysburg Address," Columbia Encyclopedia, ed. 6a (Novi Eboraci: Columbia University Press, 2001).
  3. Fuit "the most eloquent expression of the new birth of freedom brought forth by reform liberalism" (McPherson 1996:185).

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Barton, William E. 1950. Lincoln at Gettysburg: What He Intended to Say; What He Said; What He Was Reported to Have Said; What He Wished He Had Said. Novi Eboraci: Peter Smith.
  • Boritt, Gabor. 2006. The Gettysburg Gospel: The Lincoln Speech That Nobody Knows. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0743288203.
  • Busey, John W., et David G. Martin. 2005 Regimental Strengths and Losses at Gettysburg. Ed 4a. Longstreet House. ISBN 0944413676.
  • Gramm, Kent. 2001. November: Lincoln's Elegy at Gettysburg. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0253340322.
  • Herndon, William H., et Jesse W. Welk. 1892. Abraham Lincoln: The True Story of A Great Life. Novi Eboraci: D. Appleton and Company.
  • Kunhardt, Philip B., Jr. 1983. A New Birth of Freedom: Lincoln at Gettysburg. Little Brown & Co. ISBN 0316506001.
  • Lafantasie, Glenn. 1995. "Lincoln and the Gettysburg Awakening." Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 16(1):73–89. ISSN 08984212.
  • McPherson, James M. 1988. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (Oxford History of the United States). Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195038630.
  • McPherson, James M. 1996. Drawn with the Sword: Reflections on the American Civil War. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195096797.
  • Murphy, Jim. 1992 The Long Road to Gettysburg. Novi Eboraci: Clarion Books. ISBN 0395559650.
  • Prochnow, Victor Herbert, ed. 1944. Great Stories from Great Lives. Freeport: Books for Libraries Press. ISBN 083692018X.
  • Rawley, James A. 1966. Turning Points of the Civil War. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0803289359.
  • Reid, Ronald F. 1967. "Newspaper Responses to the Gettysburg Addresses." Quarterly Journal of Speech 53(1):50–60. ISSN 0033-5630.
  • Sandburg, Carl. 1939. "Lincoln Speaks at Gettysburg." In Abraham Lincoln: The War Years. Novi Eboraci: Harcourt, Brace & Company. ASIN: B000BPD8GC.
  • Sauers, Richard A. 2000. "Battle of Gettysburg." In Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History, ediderunt David S. Heidler et Jeanne T. Heidler. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 039304758X.
  • Selzer, Linda. 1997. "Historicizing Lincoln: Garry Wills and the Canonization of the Gettysburg Address." Rhetoric Review 16(1):120–137.
  • Simon, et al., eds. 1999. The Lincoln Forum: Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg, and the Civil War. Mason City: Savas Publishing Company. ISBN 1882810376.
  • White, Ronald C. Jr. 2005. The Eloquent President: A Portrait of Lincoln Through His Words. Novi Eboraci: Random House. ISBN 1400061199.
  • Wieck, Carl F. 2002. Lincoln's Quest for Equality: The Road to Gettysburg. Northern Illinois University Press. ISBN 0875802990.
  • Wills, Garry. 1992. Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America. Novi Eboraci: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0671769561.
  • Wilson, Douglas L. 2006. Lincoln's Sword: The Presidency and the Power of Words. Novi Eboraci: Knopf. ISBN 1400040396.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]