Praemium Librorum Nationale

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Oprah Winfrey, hic anno 2011 visa, Clipeum Egregiae Litteris Americanis Contributionis anno 1999 acceperunt.

Praemium Librorum Nationale est copia praemiorum litterarum in Civitatibus Foederatis quotannis concessorum, anno 1950 institutorum.[1][2] In ultimis Caerimoniis Nationalium Librorum Praemiorum Novembre habitis, Societas Fundata Librorum Nationalium haec praemia et duo arbitria confectionis vitae auctoribus adiudicat. Nationalia Librorum Praemia ab Americana Venditorum Librorum Societate anno 1936 instituta,[3][4] per secundum bellum mundanum relicta, a tribus societatibus industriae librorum anno 1950 iterum instituta sunt. Auctores et curatores librorum prolatorum praemiis ante bellum digni sunt; nunc autem auctoribus Americanis pro libris in Civitatibus Foederatis per annum praemiorum prolatis conceduntur. Anno 2010, 1115 librorum nominati sunt in quattuor categoriis praemiorum, 435 pro nonfictione. Caerimoniae 2011 Novi Eboraci die 16 Novembris habitae sunt.[5]

Laureati[recensere | fontem recensere]

Mythistoriae[recensere | fontem recensere]

1950 Nelson Algren The Man With The Golden Arm
1951 Gulielmus Faulkner The Collected Stories of William Faulkner
1952 Iacobus Jones From Here to Eternity
1953 Radulphus Ellison Invisible Man
1954 Saul Bellow The Adventures of Augie March
1955 Gulielmus Faulkner A Fable
1956 Ioannes O’Hara Ten North Frederick
1957 Wright Morris The Field of Vision
1958 Ioannes Cheever The Wapshot Chronicle
1959 Bernardus Malamud The Magic Barre
1960 Philippus Roth Goodbye, Columbus
1961 Conradus Richter The Waters of Kronos
1962 Gualtherius Percy The Moviegoer
1963 J. F. Powers Morte D'Urban
1964 Ioannes Updike The Centaur
1965 Saul Bellow Herzog
1966 Catharina Anna Porter The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter
1967 Bernardus Malamud The Fixer
1968 Thornton Wilder The Eighth Day
1969 Jerzy Kosinski Steps
1970 Joyce Carol Oates Them
1971 Saul Bellow Mr. Sammler's Planet
1972 Maria Flannery O’Connor The Complete Stories of Flannery O'Connor
1973 Ioannes Barth Chimera
1973 Ioannes Williams Augustus
1974 Thomas Pynchon Gravity's Rainbow (sed praemium eo numquam traditum est)
1974 Isaac Bashevis Singer A Crown of Feathers and Other Stories
1975 Robertus Stone Dog Soldiers
1975 Thomas Williams The Hair of Harold Roux
1976 Gulielmus Gaddis JR
1977 Wallace Stegner The Spectator Bird
1978 Maria Lee Settle Blood Ties
1979 Timotheus O’Brien Going After Cacciato
1980 Gulielmus Styron Sophie's Choice
1980 Ioannes Irving The World According to Garp
1981 Wright Morris Plains Song
1981 Ioannes Cheever The Stories of John Cheever
1982 Ioannes Updike Rabbit is Rich
1982 Gulielmus Maxwell So Long, See You Tomorrow
1983 Alice Walker The Color Purple
1983 Eudora Welty Collected Stories of Eudora Welty
1984 Ellen Gilchrist Victory Over Japan: A Book of Stories
1985 Don DeLillo White Noise
1986 E. L. Doctorow World's Fair
1987 Larry Heinemann Paco's Story
1988 Pete Dexter Paris Trout
1989 Ioannes Casey Spartina
1990 Carolus Johnson Middle Passage
1991 Norman Rush Mating
1992 Cormac McCarthy All the Pretty Horses
1993 Anna Proulx The Shipping News
1994 Gulielmus Gaddis A Frolic of His Own
1995 Philippus Roth Sabbath's Theater
1996 Andrea Barrett Ship Fever and Other Stories
1997 Carolus Frazier Cold Mountain
1998 Alicia McDermott Charming Billy
1999 Ha Jin Waiting
2000 Susanna Sontag In America
2001 Ionathan Franzen The Corrections
2002 Iulia Glass Three Junes
2003 Shirley Hazzard The Great Fire
2004 Lily Tuck The News from Paraguay
2005 Gulielmus T. Vollmann Europe Central
2006 Ricardus Powers The Echo Maker
2007 Dionysius Johnson Tree of Smoke
2008 Petrus Matthiessen Shadow Country
2009 Colum McCann Let the Great World Spin
2010 Jaimy Gordon Lord of Misrule

Libri rerum[recensere | fontem recensere]

1950 Radulphus L. Rusk Ralph Waldo Emerson
1951 Newton Arvin Herman Melville
1952 Rachel Carson The Sea Around Us
1953 Bernardus A. De Voto The Course of Empire
1954 Bruce Catton A Stillness at Appomattox
1955 Iosephus Wood Krutch The Measure of Man
1956 Herbertus Kubly An American in Italy
1957 Georgius F. Kennan Russia Leaves the War
1958 Catherina Drinker Bowen The Lion and the Throne
1959 J. Christopher Herold Misterss to an Age: A Life of Madame De Stael
1960 Ricardus Ellmann James Joyce
1961 Gulielmus L. Shirer The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich
1962 Lewis Mumford The City in History: Its Origins, its Transformations and its Prospects
1963 Leo Edel Henry James, Vol. II: The Conquest of London; Henry James, Vol. III: The Middle Years
1964 Aileen Ward John Keats: The Making of a Poet
1964 Gulielmus H. McNeill The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community
1964 Christophorus Tunnard & Boris Pushkarev Man-made America
1965 Eleanora Clark Oysters of Lockmariaquer
1965 Ludovicus Fischer The Life of Lenin
1965 Norbertus Wiener God and Golem, Inc: A Comment on Certain Points where Cybernetics Impinges on Religion
1966 Ianetta Flanner Paris Journal, 1944-1965
1966 Arthurus M. Schlesinger A Thousand Days
1967 Iustinus Kaplan Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain: A Biography
1967 Petrus Gay The Enlightenment, Vol. I: An Interpretation the Rise of Modern Paganism
1967 Anscharius Lewis La Vida
1968 Gulielmus Troy Selected Essays
1968 Georgius F. Kennan Memoirs: 1925-1950
1968 Ionathan Kozol Death at an Early Age
1969 Normannus Mailer The Armies of the Night: History as a Novel, The Novel as History
1969 Winthrop D. Jordan White over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550-1812
1969 Robertus J. Lifton Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima
1980 Thomas Wolfe The Right Stuff
1980 Petrus Matthiessen The Snow Leopard
1981 Maxine Hong Kingston China Men
1981 Ioanna Kramer The Last Cowboy
1982 Tracy Kidder The Soul of a New Machine
1982 Victor S. Navasky Naming Names
1983 Fox Butterfield China: Alive in the Bitter Sea
1983 Iacobus Fallows National Defense
1984 Robertus V. Remini Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy, 1833-1845
1985 J. Antonius Lukas Common Ground: A Turbulate Decade in the Lives of Three American Families
1986 Barry Lopez Arctic Dreams
1987 Ricardus Rhodes The Making of the Atom Bomb
1988 Neil Sheehan A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam
1989 Thomas Lauren Friedman From Beirut to Jerusalem
1990 Ronaldus Chernow The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance
1991 Rolandus Patterson Freedom
1992 Paulus Monette Becoming a Man: Half a Life Story
1993 Gore Vidal United States: Essays 1952-1992
1994 Sherwin B. Nuland How We Die: Reflections on Life’s Final Chapter
1995 Tina Rosenberg The Haunted Land: Facing Europe’s Ghosts After Communism
1996 Iacobus Carroll An American Requiem: God, My Father, and the War that Came Between Us
1997 Iosephus Ioannes Ellis American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson
1998 Eduardus Ball Slaves in the Family
1999 Ioannes W. Dower Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II
2000 Nathaniel Philbrick In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Waleship Essex
2001 Andreas Solomon The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression
2002 Robertus A. Caro Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson
2003 Carolus Eire Waiting for Snow in Havana: Confessions of a Cuban Boy
2004 Coemgenus Boyle Arc of Justice: A Saga of Race, Civil Rights, and Murder in the Jazz Age
2005 Ioanna Didion The Year of Magical Thinking
2006 Timotheus Egan The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl
2007 Timotheus Weiner Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA
2008 Annetta Gordon-Reed The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family
2009 T. J. Stiles The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt
2010 Patti Smith Just Kids

Poesis[recensere | fontem recensere]

1950 Gulielmus Carolus Williams Paterson: Book III and Selected Poems
1951 Wallace Stevens The Auroras of Autumn
1952 Marianna Moore Collected Poems
1953 Archibaldus MacLeish Collected Poems, 1917-1952
1954 Conradus Aiken Collected Poems
1955 Wallace Stevens The Collected Poems of Wallace Stevens
1956 W. H. Auden The Shield of Achilles
1957 Ricardus Wilbur Things of the World
1958 Robertus Penn Warren Promises: Poems, 1954-1956
1959 Theodorus Roethke Words for the Wind
1960 Robertus Lowell Life Studies
1961 Randall Jarrell The Woman at the Washington Zoo
1962 Alanus Dugan Poems
1963 Gulielmus Stafford Traveling Through the Dark
1964 Ioannes Crowe Ransom Selected Poems
1965 Theodorus Roethke The Far Field
1966 Iacobus Dickey Buckdancer's Choice: Poems
1967 Iacobus Merrill Nights and Days
1968 Robertus Bly The Light Around the Body
1969 Ioannes Berryman His Toy, His Dream, His Rest
1970 Elizabetha Bishop The Complete Poems
1971 Mona Van Duyn To See, To Take
1972 Howardus Moss Selected Poems
1972 Franciscus O'Hara The Collected Works of Frank O'Hara
1973 A. R. Ammons Collected Poems, 1951-1971
1974 Allen Ginsberg The Fall of America: Poems of these States, 1965-1971
1974 Hadriana Rich Diving into the Wreck: Poems 1971-1972
1975 Marilyn Hacker Presentation Piece
1976 Ioannes Ashbery Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror
1977 Ricardus Eberhart Collected Poems, 1930-1976
1978 Howardus Nemerov The Collected Poems of Howard Nemerov
1979 Iacobus Merrill Mirabell: Book of Numbers
1980 Philippus Levine Ashes
1981 Elizabetha Mueller The Need to Hold Still
1982 Gulielmus Bronk Life Supports: New and Collected Poems
1983 Galway Kinnell Selected Poems
1983 Charles Wright Country Music: Selected Early Poems
1991 Philippus Levine What Work Is
1992 Maria Oliver New & Selected Poems
1993 A. R. Ammons Garbage
1994 Iacobus Tate A Worshipful Company of Fletchers
1995 Stanley Kunitz Passing Through: The Later Poems
1996 Hayden Carruth Scrambled Eggs & Whiskey
1997 Gulielmus Meredith Effort at Speech: New & Selected Poems
1998 Geraldus Stern This Time: New and Selected Poems
1999 Ai Vice: New & Selected Poems
2000 Lucille Clifton Poems Seven: New and Complete Poetry
2001 Alanus Dugan Blessing the Boats: New and Selected Poems 1988-2000
2002 Ruta Stone In the Next Galaxy
2003 C. K. Williams The Singing
2004 Ioanna Valentine Door in the Mountain: New and Collected Poems, 1965-2003
2005 W. S. Merwin Migration
2006 Nathaniel Mackey Splay Anthem
2007 Robertus Hass Time and Materials: Poems, 1997-2005
2008 Marcus Doty Fire to Fire: New and Collected Poems
2009 Keith Waldrop Transcendental Studies: A Trilogy
2010 Terrance Hayes Lighthead

Libri iuveniles[recensere | fontem recensere]

1996 Victor Martinez Parrott In the Oven: MiVida
1997 Han Nolan Dancing on the Edge
1998 Ludovicus Sachar Holes, dt. Löcher
1999 Kimberly Willis Holt When Zachary Beaver Came to Town
2000 Gloria Whelan Homeless Bird
2001 Virginia Euwer Wolff True Believer
2002 Nancy Farmer The House of the Scorpion
2003 Polly Horvath The Canning Season
2004 Petrus Hautman Godless
2005 Ioanna Birdsall The Penderwicks
2006 M. T. Anderson The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Vol. 1: The Pox Party
2007 Sherman Alexie The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian
2008 Iudita Blundell What I Saw and How I Lied
2009 Philippus Hoose Claudette Colvin Twice Toward Justice
2010 Catharina Erskine Mockingbird

Libri pueriles[recensere | fontem recensere]

1969 Meindert DeJong Journey from Peppermint Street
1970 Isaac Bashevis Singer A Day of Pleasure: Stories of a Boy Growing up in Warsaw
1971 Lloyd Alexander The Marvelous Misadventures of Sebastian
1972 Donaldus Barthelme The Slightly Irregular Fire Engine or The Hithering Thithering Djinn
1973 Ursula K. Le Guin The Farthest Shore
1974 Eleanora Cameron The Court of the Stone Children
1975 Virginia Hamilton M. C. Higgins the Great
1976 Gualterius D. Edmonds Bert Breen's Barn
1977 Catharina Paterson The Master Puppeteer
1978 Judith & Herbert Kohl The View From the Oak
1979 Catharina Paterson The Great Gilly Hopkins
1980 Hardcover Ioanna W. Blos A Gathering of Days: A New England Girl's Journal
1980 Paperback Madeleine L’Engle A Swiftly Tilting Planet
1981 Hardcover Elizabetha Byars The Night Swimmers
1981 Paperback Beverly Cleary Ramona and Her Mother
1982 Hardcover Lloyd Alexander Westmark
1982 Paperback Ouida Sebestyen Words by Heart
1983 Hardcover Ioanna Fritz Homesick: My Own Story
1983 Paperback Paula Fox A Place Apart
1983 Paperback Joyce Carol Thomas Marked by Fire

Praemium quod auctori operum omnium suorum gratiam tribuitur[recensere | fontem recensere]

Clipeus Egregiae Litteris Americanis Contributionis[6] est arbitrium pro rebus gestis per vitam totam, a societate per ultimas praemiorum librorum caerimonias adiudicatum. Additamentum est $10,000. Clipeus commemorat hominem qui "litterarium heredium Americanum per vitam ministerii vel corpus operum divitiis ornavit."[7][8] Qui hunc clipeum acceperunt sunt:

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "National Book Award", Infoplease: Arts and Entertainment: Awards: Book, Magazine, Newspaper Awards. Infoplease.com.
  2. "Seattle's Egan wins National Book Award", Mary Ann Gwynn, The Seattle Times, 15 Novembris 2006.
  3. "Books and Authors", The New York Times, 12 Aprilis 1936, p. BR12. ProQuest Historical Newspapers, The New York Times (1851–2007).
  4. "Lewis is Scornful of Radio Culture: Nothing Ever Will Replace the Old-Fashioned Book," The New York Times, 12 Maii 1936, p. 25. ProQuest Historical Newspapers, The New York Times (1851–2007).
  5. National Book Foundation: About Us: "Frequently Asked Questions."
  6. Anglice: "Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters."
  7. Anglice: "has enriched [American] literary heritage over a life of service, or a corpus of work."
  8. National Book Foundation: Awards: "Distinguished Contribution to American Letters.".
  9. Alison Flood (20 Septembris 2012). "Elmore Leonard to be honoured by National Book Foundation". The Guardian .

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]