Liminalitas

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Arnoldus van Gennep, qui notionem liminalitatis excogitavit.

Liminalitas (a limene[1]) est sensus ambiguitatis vel confusionis qui in medio gradu rituum transitoriorum fit, cum participes non iam eorum statum ante ritum tenent, sed transitum nondum coeperunt ad statum quem tenebuntur cum ritus confectus sit. Participes per liminalem ritus gradum ad limen stant, ut dicitur, prioris modi eorum identitatis, temporis, vel civitatis construendi modique novi, quem ritus constituet.

Primum evoluta notio liminalitatis saeculo vicensimo ineunte ab Arnoldo van Gennep, ethnologo Francico, et deinde ab Victore Turner, anthropologo Americano, suscepta est.[2] Latior nominis usus recentius fit, ad describendam mutationesciviles et culturales, ac ritus publicos.[3] Per liminalia omnium generum tempora, hierarchiae sociales ad tempus inverti vel dissolvi, continuitas morum incerta fieri, futurique eventus olim sumpti in dubio vocari possunt.[4] Dissolutio ordinis per tempus liminalitatis rem fluidam et ductilem, quae sinit ut novae institutiones moresque constituantur.[5] Nomen praeterea in usu vulgari transivit, ubi multo latius adhibetur, eius significationem aliquantulum labefactans.[6]

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "liminal", Oxford English Dictionary. Ed. J. A. Simpson et E.S.C. Weiner. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989. OED Online Oxforde 23, 2007; confer in victionario subliminal.
  2. "Liminality and Communitas," in The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure (New Brunswick: Aldine Transaction Press, 2008).
  3. Bjørn Thomassen, The Uses and Meanings of Liminality (International Political Anthropology 2009), 51.
  4. Agnes Horvath, Bjørn Thomassen, et Harald Wydra, Introduction: Liminality and Cultures of Change (International Political Anthropology, 2009).
  5. Arpad Szakolczai, Liminality and Experience: Structuring transitory situations and transformative events (International Political Anthropology, 2009), 141.
  6. Thomas Barfield, The Dictionary of Anthropology (1997), 477.

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