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Felinosis

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Felinosis[1] sive lymphoreticulosis benigna[2] est morbus qui ex Bartonella, bacterio intracellulari, contrahitur. Felinosis in liberis saepissime una aut duabus hebdomadibus intermissis circa scalpuriginem vel morsum felis detegitur. Morbus anno 1889 ab Henrico Parinaud repertus est.[3]

Contagio[recensere | fontem recensere]

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Felis esse cisterna naturalis morbi anno 1950 a Robertus Debré notum est.[4][5]

Primum, organismus efficiens esse Afipia felis postulatur, sed redarguitum est a studiis immunologicis quae demonstraverunt quod aegri morbi anticorpores duorum aliorum organismorum, Bartonellae henselae et Bartonellae clarridgeiae, bacteriae Gram-negativae formatae ut virga, eduxerint.

Catuli felium bacterium in sangue fere probabiliter portant, ita probabilior morbum transmittunt quam feles adultae. Studii experimentalia demonstraverunt quod pulices sunt vectores inter felibus transmissionis B. henselae,[6] et quod B. henselae vivae in sterco Ctenocephalidis felis, pulicis felis, excernunt.[7] Aliud studium demonstravit quod feles intradermale inoculatae sterco pulicis B. henselae habendi? a B. henselae contaminari possunt.[8] Ita, opinantur quod B. henselae a felibus ad hominibus sterco pulicis B. henselae habendi? inoculatione quae est in vulno scalpuriginis felis contaminatae vel trans superficiem mucosa transmittit. Ixodoidea quoque morbum maiore transmittunt. Ita, morbus simul Morbus Lyme saepe trasmittitur, sed morbus omittitur dum explorans et morbus describens, quia signa (fatigatio et capitis dolor) haud absimilis.

Alia nomina[recensere | fontem recensere]

Alia nomina morbi sunt:

  • Adenitis Scalpuriginis Felis[9]
  • Cat Scratch Disease (Anglice)[10]
  • Cat Scratch Fever (Anglice)[11]
  • Febris Scalpuriginis Felis[11]
  • Lymphadenitis Regionalis Nonbacterialis[12]
  • Lymphoreticulosis Inoculationis Benignae[13]
  • Maladie des griffes du chat (Franco-Gallice)[14]
  • Morbus Debré-Mollaret[15]
  • Morbus Foshay-Mollaret[16]
  • Morbus Petzetakis[17]
  • Morbus Scalpuriginis Felis[10]
  • Syndrome Oculoglandularis Parinaud[18]
  • Morbus Debre-Foshay-Mollaret-Reilly[19]

Signa[recensere | fontem recensere]

Signa felinosis sunt divisa in signa classica et signa inusitata.

Classica[recensere | fontem recensere]

Felinosis classica nodos lymphaticos regionales acerbos tumidosque demonstrat, quod lymphadenopathiam regionalem vocantur. Papula ad situm contagionis primae adsit. Quamquam nonnullus aegri februm et alios signos systematicos habent, multus tamen non. Alia signa sociata capitis dolorem, horrorem, dorsi dolorem, et abdominis dolorem continent. Signa una aut duabus hebdomadibus, vel dumtaxat duabus mensis post contagionem quam aperiant. Plurima contagionum est benigna et se finit, sed lymphadenopathia in nonnullum menses post alia signa excessa perseveret. Probabilitas recuperationis salus est bona. In caelis temperatis, plurima contagionum autumno hiemeque fiet. Morbus, curatus aut non, fere una mense sponte excedet. Aegri immunodefecti gravior difficultates saepe demonstrent.

Inusitata[recensere | fontem recensere]

Felinosis inusitata aperit ut variae formae quae ex systema corporis membri adfecta pendent. Forma inusitata morbi nunc saepior sunt in clinicis nota.

  • Angiomatosis bacterialis, quae est intervallum cutis vascularis quod ad os extendeat, vel intervallum vascularis in alia partibus corporis, B. Henslae causa. Saepissime fiat in aegri SCDI vel aliam immunodefectionem habendi.[23]
  • Encephalopathia acuta, quae est defectio indenota cerebri ut febris, capitis dolor, et visus defectus.[25] Contra gravitatem signae primae, probabilitas recuperationis salus est bona.
  • Et rare sunt lien dilatus et faucium dolor.

Pathologia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Intervallum cutis primum una aut duabus hebdomadibus post contagionem habet apud situm inoculationis papulam rubricam, quae plenum puris vel crusta contecta fiat, cum nodis lymphaticibus regionalibus – fere cervicis et axillae – dilatis. In microscopium, intervallum cutis locum circumscriptum necrosis, ab histiocytis cinctum, fere cum cellulis ingentibus Langhan, lymphocytis, et eosinophilis monstrat. Nodi lymphatices regionales hyperplasiam follicularis cum necrose stellae centrale et neutrophilis, a granulomis puris et sinibus plenis B-Lymphocytarum monocytarum cinctam fere sine cellulis epitheliodibus perifollicularibus intrafollicularibusque monstrant.[26]

Curatio[recensere | fontem recensere]

Azithromycin[27], ciprofloxacin[28], doxycycline[29], et nonnulla alia antibioticae[30] bene utuntur.

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Kalinova, Krasimira Felinosis (Cat Scatch Disease). Diagnosis and treatment. Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers) 2007: 1, 3-4. Editio interretialis
  2. Krajcsovics P Jr, Bártfai E, Gaál M. [Cat-scratch disease (lymphoreticulosis benigna)] Pediatrie und Grenzgebiete 6(5):357-63, 1967 Citatio interretialis
  3. Rapini, Ronald P.; Bolognia, Jean L.; Jorizzo, Joseph L. (2007). Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. St. Louis. ISBN 1-4160-2999-0. 
  4. Chomel BB (2000). "Cat-scratch disease". Rev. - Off. Int. Epizoot. 19 (1): 136–50 
  5. Arlet G, Perol-Vauchez Y (1991). "The current status of cat-scratch disease: an update". Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 14 (3): 223–8 
  6. Chomel BB, Kasten RW, Floyd-Hawkins K, et al. (August 1996). [http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=229161 "Experimental transmission of Bartonella henselae by the cat flea"]. J. Clin. Microbiol. 34 (8): 1952–6 
  7. Higgins JA, Radulovic S, Jaworski DC, Azad AF (May 1996). "Acquisition of the cat scratch disease agent Bartonella henselae by cat fleas (Siphonaptera:Pulicidae)". J. Med. Entomol. 33 (3): 490–5 
  8. Foil L, Andress E, Freeland RL, et al. (September 1998). "Experimental infection of domestic cats with Bartonella henselae by inoculation of Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) feces". J. Med. Entomol. 35 (5): 625–8 
  9. Ginsburg, CM (Sep-Oct 1984). "Cat-Scratch adenitis". Pediatr. Infect. Dis. 3 (5): 437–9 
  10. 10.0 10.1 Suh, B, Chun, JK, Yong, D, Lee, YS, Jeong, SH, Yang, WI, Kim, DS (Feb 2010). "A Report of Cat Scratch Disease in Korea Confirmed by PCR Amplification of the 16S-23S rRNA Intergenic Region of Bartonella henselae". Korean J. Lab. Med. 30 (1): 34–7 
  11. 11.0 11.1 Hay, J (Aug 1957). "Cat scratch fever: non-bacterial regional lymphadenitis". Can. Med. Assoc. J. 77 (3): 224–5 
  12. Dreosti, AE, Murray, JF (Jan 1953). "Cat-scratch disease; non-bacterial regional lymphadenitis or benign lympho-reticulosis or inoculation". S. Afr. Med. J. 27 (4): 81–3 
  13. Christol, D (1979). "Benign inoculation lymphoreticulosis or cat-scratch disease". Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 1 (4): 253–8 
  14. Fournier, J (May 1986). "Du nouveau sur la maladie des griffes du chat". Can. Vet. J. 27 (5): 221–3 
  15. Bercher, J (Jan-Feb 1952). "The oral forms of benign inoculation lymphoreticulosis or cat-scratch disease or Debré-Mollaret disease". Rev. Odontostomatol. 8 (1-2): 20–2 
  16. De Aragao, RM, Davidovich, E (Jun 1953). "Foshay-Mollaret disease". Hospital (Rio J.) 43 (6): 751–63 
  17. Vinken, Pierre J.; Bruyn, George W.; van Ockenburg, Willeke (2002). Handbook of clinical neurology. Vol. 78. ISBN 978-0444509178. 
  18. Loftus, MJ, Sweeney, G, Goldberg, MH (Mar 1980). "Parinaud oculoglandular syndrome and cat-scratch fever". J. Oral Surg. 38 (3): 218–20 
  19. Ramon-Guerra, AU, Giudice, D (Jun 1957). "Benign inoculation lymphadenitis; (cat-scratch disease; benign inoculation lymphoreticulosis; Debre-Foshay-Mollaret-Reilly disease); ocular form (Parinaud's syndrome: primary ocular complex) with erythema nosodum & splenomegaly". Arch. Pediatr. Urug. 28 (6): 397–406 
  20. "Parinaud syndrome - Overview" (Anglice). University of Maryland Medical Center. 2009 
  21. Brazis PW, Stokes HR, Ervin FR (Sept 1986). "Optic neuritis in cat scratch disease". J. Clin. Neuroophthalmol. 6 (3): 172–4 
  22. Longmuir, Reid A.; Lee, Andrew (31 Mar 2005). [http://webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu/eyeforum/cases/36-Catscratchbartonella.htm "Cat-Scratch neuroretinitis (Ocular bartonellosis): 44 y.o. woman with non-specific "blurriness" of vision, left eye (OS)."] (Anglice). University of Iowa 
  23. "Bacillary angiomatosis" (Anglice). Clinical images in HIV. The Carl J. Shapiro Institute for Education and Research at Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center 
  24. Kieu, Anh (13 Apr 2003). "Cat Scratch Disease" (Anglice). UCLA Department of Medicine 
  25. Sanders, Lisa (2009 Apr 10). "Vision Quest" (Anglice). The New York Times 
  26. Guttman, Paul H. (Jan 1955). "Pathology of Cat-Scratch Disease". Calif. Med. 82 (1): 25–31 
  27. Chia, JK, Nakata, MM, Lami, JL, Park, SS, Ding, JC (Jan 1998). "Azithromycin for the treatment of cat-scratch disease". Clin. Infect. Dis. 26 (1): 193–4 
  28. Holley, HP Jr. (Mar 1991). "Successful treatment of cat-scratch disease with ciprofloxacin". JAMA 265 (12): 1563–5 
  29. Mui, BS, Mulligan, ME, George, W (Aug 1990). "Response of HIV-associated disseminated cat scratch disease to treatment with doxycycline". Am. J. Med. 89 (2): 229–31 
  30. Margileth, AM (Jun 1992). "Antibiotic therapy for cat-scratch disease: clinical study of therapeutic outcome in 268 patients and a review of the literature". Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 11 (6): 474–8 

Nexus Externi[recensere | fontem recensere]