Arminius Melville

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Arminius Melville anno 1860

Arminius Melville (Novi Eboraci, 1 Augusti 1819; ibidem, 28 Septembris 1891) fuit scriba, nauta, cetarius, fabularum scriptor, libellorum scriptor, mythistoriarum scriptor, peregrinationis scriptor, acroamata, et poeta Americanus. Saepe appellatur particeps Romanticismi obscuri. Illius primi tres libri populo gratissimi erant (primus liber plurimum divenditus est), sed post subitam prosperitatem litterariam decennio 184, pro illo populi favor decennio 185 magnopere imminuebat.

Mox post mortem, sua memoria paene omnino excidit (contra favorem populi Britannici illius pro mythistoriis marinis Decennio 189), sed Moby-Dick, mythistoria praelonga, saeculo vicensimo habebatur in uno ex operibus litterarum Civitatum Foederatarum et mundi summo artificio factis.

Vita[recensere | fontem recensere]

Parentes Allan et Maria Ganeswoort Melvill fuerunt. Tempore cognomen ad Melville mutatum est. Duodecim annos natus, patris orbus, munus exceptoris in mensa publica fungebatur. Deinde operarius fundo avunculi vixit.

Ab Octobre 1830 ad Octobrem 1831, et iterum ab Octobre 1836 ad Martium 1837, Melville scholam frequentavit ubi linguis Graeca antiqua Latinaque studuit (Titus 2003:1, 4–10). . . . Ad tempus munus magistri ludi exsequebatur Massaciussetae. Anno 1839, ad Liverpolium profectus est in navi oneraria, Sancto Laurentio nomine, qua ad pueri officium implendum se locaverat. Nauta iterum anno 1842 in navi cetaria Oceanum Pacificum navigavit. Cum navis Marquesas Marchionis attingeret, is navem reliquit et tres hebdomades mense Iulio inter indigenas habitabat; tum ad Honolulu Havaiorum navigavit, ubi diu mansit. Post plusquam duo annos inter insulas Oceani Pacifici, domum rediit.

Opera[recensere | fontem recensere]

Moby-Dick mythistoria est eius clarissimum opus, saepe illud in uno gravissimorum omnis temporis operum litterarum habetur. Melville librum suo Nathanieli Hawthorne dedicavit.[1] Melville etiam scripsit Billy Budd, White-Jacket, Typee, Omoo, Pierre, The Confidence-Man, et alios libros variorum generum.

Bello Civili Americano confecto, vulgavit Battle Pieces and Aspects of the War, librum poematum qui a populo non bene acceptus est: ex 1200 exemplaribus impressis a Harper & Bros., decem post annos, solum 525 vendita sunt.[2]

Mythistoriae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Herman Melville senex.

Libelli[recensere | fontem recensere]

Poemata[recensere | fontem recensere]

Conlectiones

Poemata non conlecta vel non vulgata

  • "Epistle to Daniel Shepherd"
  • "Inscription for the Slain at Fredericksburgh" [sic]
  • "The Admiral of the White"
  • "To Tom"
  • "Suggested by the Ruins of a Mountain-Temple in Arcadia"
  • "Puzzlement"
  • "The Continents"
  • "The Dust-Layers"
  • "A Rail Road Cutting near Alexandria in 1855"
  • "A Reasonable Constitution"
  • "Rammon"
  • "A Ditty of Aristippus"
  • "In a Nutshell"
  • "Adieu"

Conatus[recensere | fontem recensere]

Non conlecti Melville vivo:

  • "Fragments from a Writing Desk, No. 1" (Democratic Press, and Lansingburgh Advertiser, May 4, 1839)
  • "Fragments from a Writing Desk, No. 2" (Democratic Press, and Lansingburgh Advertiser, May 18, 1839)
  • "Etchings of a Whaling Cruise" (New York Literary World, March 6, 1847)
  • "Authentic Anecdotes of 'Old Zack'" (Yankee Doodle, II, excerpted September 4, published in full weekly from July 24 to September 11, 1847)
  • "Mr Parkman's Tour" (New York Literary World, March 31, 1849)
  • "Cooper's New Novel" (New York Literary World, April 28, 1849)
  • "A Thought on Book-Binding" (New York Literary World, March 16, 1850)
  • "Hawthorne and His Mosses" (New York Literary World, August 17 and August 24, 1850)

Aliae res[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Correspondence, ed. Lynn Horth. 1993. Evanston, IL and Chicago: Northwestern University Press and The Newberry Library. ISBN 0-8101-0995-6.
  • Journals, ed. Howard C. Horsford, cum Lynn Horth. 1989. Evanston Illinoesiae et Chicago: Northwestern University Press et The Newberry Library. ISBN 0-8101-0823-2.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Susan Cheevers, American Bloomsbury: Ludovica May Alcott, Radulphus Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Henry David Thoreau; Their Lives, Their Loves, Their Work (Detroit: Thorndike Press, 2006), p. 196. ISBN 0-7862-9521-X.
  2. Howard P. Vincent, Collected Poems of Herman Melville, (Chicago: Packard & Company and Hendricks House, 1947), p. 446.
  3. Robert S. Levine, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Herman Melville. Cambridge, England and New York City: Cambridge University Press (1998), xviii. ISBN 0-521-55571-X.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Adler, Joyce Sparer. 1981. War in Melville's Imagination. Novi Eboraci: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-0575-8.
  • Arvin, Newton. 1950. Herman Melville. Emeryvilla Californiae: Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3871-3.
  • Bryant, John, ed. 1986. A Companion to Melville Studies. Westport Connecticuta: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-23874-X.
  • Bryant, John. 2001. Melville and Repose: The Rhetoric of Humor in the American Renaissance. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-507782-2.
  • Beaulieu, Victor-Levy. 1978, 1985. Monsieur Melville. Toronto: Coach House. ISBN 0-88910-239-2.
  • Garner, Stanton. 1993. The Civil War World of Herman Melville. Laurentii Kansiae: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-0602-5.
  • Goldner, Loren. 2006. Herman Melville: Between Charlemagne and the Antemosaic Cosmic Man. Race, Class and the Crisis of Bourgeois Ideology in an American Renaissance Writer. Novi Eboraci: Queequeg Publications. ISBN 0-9700308-2-7.
  • Gretchko, John M. J. 1990. Melvillean Ambiguities. Cleveland: Falk & Bright.
  • Hayford, Harrison. 2003. "Melville's Prisoners." Prooemium Hershel Parker. Evanston: Northwestern University Press. ISBN 0-8101-1973-0.
  • Levine, Robert S., ed. 1998. The Cambridge Companion to Herman Melville. Cantabrigiae et Novi Eboraci: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-55571-X
  • Martin, Robert K. Hero, Captain, and Stranger: Male Friendship, Social Critique, and Literary Form in the Sea Novels of Herman Melville.
  • Parker, Hershel. 1996, 2005. Herman Melville: A Biography. Vol. 1, de annis 1819–1851. Baltimorae: The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8185-4.
  • Parker, Hershel. 2002, 2005. Herman Melville: A Biography. Vol. 2, de annis 1851–1891. Baltimorae: The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8186-2.
  • Renker, Elizabeth. 1996. Strike Through the Mask: Herman Melville and the Scene of Writing. Baltimorae: The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-5875-5.
  • Robertson-Lorant, Laurie. 1996. Melville: A Biography. Novi Eboraci: Clarkson Potter. ISBN 0-517-59314-9.
  • Rogin, Michael Paul. 1983. Subversive Genealogy: The Politics and Art of Herman Melville. Novi Eboraci: Knopf. ISBN 0-394-50609-X.
  • Titus, David K. 2003. "Herman Melville at the Albany Academy." Melville Society Extracts (May), 42:1, 4–10. Herman Melville at the Albany Academy.
  • Weisberg, Richard H. 1989. The Failure of the Word: The Lawyer as Protagonist in Modern Fiction. Portus Novus Connecticutae: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-04592-1.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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