Amphibia

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Amphibians
Aetas fossilium: Late Devonian–present
Spea hammondii
Taxinomia
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Linnaeus, 1758
Subclasses et ordines

Amphibia (-orum, n.) (ex Graecis amphi- 'ambobus lateribus' + bios 'vita'), sunt classis animalium ectothermicorum, sicut ranae, bufones, salamandridae, pleurodelinae, et gymnophiona, quae ex forma iuvenili aquam spiranti commutantur aut in formam adultam aerem spirantem, aut in formam paedomorphorum, quae nonnullas proprietates iuveniles retinet.

Nomen amphibiorum a Carolo Linnaeo anno 1758 excogitatum est. Scientia quae amphibiis reptilibusque studet herpetologia appellatur.

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Carroll, Robert L. 1988. Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. Novi Eboraci: W. H. Freeman & Co.
  • Carroll, Robert L. 2009. The Rise of Amphibians: 365 Million Years of Evolution. Baltimorae: The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-9140-3.
  • Duellman, William E., et Linda Trueb. 1994. Biology of Amphibians. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-4780-6.
  • Frost, Darrel R., Taran Grant, Julián Faivovich, Raoul H. Bain, Alexander Haas, Célio F. B. Haddad, Rafael O. De Sá, Alan Channing, Mark Wilkinson, Stephen C. Donnellan, Christopher J. Raxworthy, Jonathan A. Campbell, Boris L. Blotto, Paul Moler, Robert C. Drewes, Ronald A. Nussbaum, John D. Lynch, David M. Green, et Ward C. Wheeler. 2006. "The Amphibian Tree of Life." Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–291. doi:10.1206/0003-0090(2006)297[0001:TATOL]2.0.CO;2. http://hdl.handle.net/2246/5781.
  • Pounds, J. Alan, Martín R. Bustamante, Luis A. Coloma, Jamie A. Consuegra, Michael P. L. Fogden, Pru N. Foaster, Enrique La Marca, Karen L. Masters, Andrés Merino-Viteri, Robert Puschendorf, Santiago R. Ron, G. Arturo Sánchez-Azofeifa, Christopher J. Still, et Bruce E. Young. 2006. "Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warming." Nature 439 (7073): 161–167. doi:10.1038/nature04246. PMID 16407945. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v439/n7073/full/nature04246.html.
  • San Mauro, Diego. 2010. "A multilocus timescale for the origin of extant amphibians." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (2): 554–561. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.04.019. PMID 20399871.
  • San Mauro, Diego, Miguel Vences, Marina Alcobendas, Rafael Zardoya, et Axel Meyer. 2005. "Initial diversification of living amphibians predated the breakup of Pangaea." American Naturalist 165 (5): 590–599. doi:10.1086/429523. PMID 15795855.
  • Stuart, Simon N., Janice S. Chanson, Neil A. Cox, Bruce E. Young, Ana S. L. Rodrigues, Debra L. Fischman, Robert W. Waller. 2004. "Status and trends of amphibian declines and extinctions worldwide." Science 306 (5702): 1783–1786. doi:10.1126/science.1103538. PMID 15486254. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/306/5702/1783.
  • Stuart, Simon N., M. Hoffmann, J. S. Chanson, N. A. Cox, R. J. Berridge, P. Ramani, B. E. Young, eds. 2008. Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Edicions, in association with IUCN-The World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe. ISBN 978-84-96553-41-5. http://www.hbw.com/lynx/en/lynx-edicions/portada-lynx/MON0017-threatened-amphibians-world.html.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Wikispecies-logo.svg Vide Amphibia apud Vicispecies.
Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Amphibia spectant.


Amphibia Haec stipula ad amphibium spectat. Amplifica, si potes!

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